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December 18, 1981 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-12-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

6 Friday, December' 18, 1981

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

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Golan Crisis Linked to Lebanon

NEW YORK (JTA) —
The mounting threat to Is-
rael's security from Syria
and the "vacuum" in civi-
lian juridical matters on the
Golan Heights were the two
reasons for Israel's decision
Monday to apply Israeli
law to that territory, cap-
tured from Syria in the 1967
Six - Day War, according to
Naphtali Lavie, the Israeli
Consul General in New
York.
In an interview with the
Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, Lavie said he did
not think the Israeli action
would lead to a crisis with

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the U.S. But he cited the
failure of U.S. diplomatic ef-
forts to get Syria to remove
its anti-aircraft missiles
from Lebanon as another
reason why Israel acted on
the Golan Heights.
Lavie described Syria as a
country that has consis-
tently declared that it will
not negotiate with Israel or
recognize it and is commit-
ted not to reach a peace
agreement with Israel. In
that connection he quoted a
Kuwait newspaper inter-
view with Syrian President
Hafez Assad who reportedly
said that "even if the Pales-
tine Liberation Organiza-
tion recognizes Israel, we in
Syria cannot recognize it."
Lavie said, "In addition
to the Syrian front with
Israel, the Syrians ex-
tended the confrontation
with Israel to the
Lebanese front. They are
supported there in addi-
tion to the Syrian forces
in Lebanon, by the PLO
forces under their con-
trol."
According to the Israeli
official, the Druze and
Jewish population living on
the Golan Heights needed
the application of Israeli
law to solve all kinds of civi-
lian juridical problems
which were so far solved by
ad hoc legislation by the Is-
raeli military authorities on
the Heights. He said that
this means that from now on
the law on the Golan
Heights in civilian matters
will be the same as it is in
Kiryat Shmona and
Metulla inside Israel. -
Asked about a possible
crisis between Israel and
the U.S. as a result of Is-

rael's move, Lavie said: "I do
not think that it is going to
lead to a crisis. The U.S. is
sensitive to Israel's prob-
lems on the northern' bor-
ders and the difficulties it is
facing. The U.S. probably
also appreciates the sac-
rifices Israel made in the
Sinai to Egypt. Israel's deci-'
sion to apply its laws on the
Golan. Heights was made in
attempt to secure Israeli de-
fenses in the north and we
assume the the U.S. would
recognize Israel's need to
secure its border in the
north."
The Israeli Consul Gen-
eral observed that it seems
the Reagan Administration
took upon itself "a mission
impossible" when it sent
special envoy Philip Habib
to Lebanon in an effort to
remove the Syrian missiles
there. "The presence of the
missiles and the helpless-
ness of the diplomatic steps
to remove the missiles from
Lebanon were also a factor
in Israel's consideration to
apply its laws to the Golan
Heights," Lavie said.
Israeli Ambassador
Ephraim Evron said
there has been no hint"
from the Reagan Ad-
ministration of a possibil-
ity that the U.S. might
delay arms shipments to
Israel.
Evron, who spoke to re-
porters after meeting for 90
minutes with Secretary of
State Alexander Haig at the
State Department Tuesday
night, would not reveal
what position the U.S. will
take at the United Nations
Security Council debate
today on the issue. How-
ever, it has been reported

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that the U.S. will support a
resolution condemning the
Israeli action as long as the
resolution does not call for
any sanctions.
Evron maintained that
the Israeli action was not a
violation of Security Coun-
cil Resolution 242, as the
U.S. has declared. "We do
not think so," he said,
"otherwise we would not
have done it."
Evron insisted that "the
Syrians cannot have it both
ways." He said that, on one
hand, the Syrians
never accepted Resol
242 and have called for war
against Israel. On the other
hand, they are now accusing
Israel of violating 242, he
said.
The Foreign Ministers
of the 10 nations making
up the European Eco-
nomic Community, meet-
ing in London, unanim-
ously denounced the Is-
raeli action. This was fol-
lowed by harsh state-
ments of condemnation
by British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher and
the French government.
French President Fran-
cois Mitterrand said, how-
ever, that he would not can-
cel his Feb. 10 visit to Israel.
The U.S. State Depart-
ment said that any change
in the Golan's status would
violate international law.
Defense Secretary Caspar
Weinberger called the move
a violation of UN resolu-
tions "and therefore of the
Camp David Agreement."
Rep. Paul McCloskey
(R-Calif.) called Israel's ac-
tion "aggressive and im-
perialistic" and asked Con-
gress to rescind $2.2 billion
in foreign aid to Israel.
(During the 1980
Presidential election
campaign, candidate
Ronald Reagan stated
that if he were - an Israeli
he wouM never give up
an inch of the Golan
Heights.)
Egyptian
President
Hosni Mubarak said he re-
gretted Israel's action, but
added that Egypt would not
be drawn into any war
started by Syria against Is-
rael.
The Israeli action on
Golan was initiated at a
meeting of the Israeli
Cabinet at the home of
Prime Minister .Menahem
Begin, who had just left the
hospital after a two-week
stay after breaking a thigh
bone.
Three readings of the
proposed law were quickly
pushed through the Knesset
to be officially passed
law.
Israel immediately
launched a massive,
world-wide information
campaign, sending
explanatory letters and
documents to every
country with which it has
diplomatic ties.
The papers had been pre-
pared months ago in view of
the long-standing decision-
in-principle to extend Israel
civilian law and adminis-
tration into the Golan
Heights.

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