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November 20, 1981 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-11-20

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Exposing the Fand

Proposal

as a Scheme

to Liquidate

State of Isradl

THE JEWISH NEWS

A Weekly Review

Commentary, Page 2

Copyright

VOL. LXXX, No. 12

of Jewish Events

.'sj The Jewish News Publishing

Nobel Prize
Winner
Elias Canetti:

An Authoritative

Evaluation

Feature Essay
By Guy Stern, Page 72

co

17515.W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833

$15 Per Year: This Issue 35° November 20, 1981

Prejudice Links With 'Lobby'
Charges Exposed in Survey

Study Dissects Saudi
Plan for M.E. Peace

By DR. GEORGE a GRUEN

Director. Middle East Affairs
American Jewish Committee

NEW YORK — The eight-point Saudi plan sets out a
series of Arab demands which are to be imposed upon Israel
by the United Nations. This is contrary to UN Security
Council Resolution 338, unanimously adopted after the
1973 Yom Kippur War, in which the council decided that
"negotiations (should immediately) start between the par-
ties concerned" to achieve a just and durable peace in the
Middle East, based on Security Council Resolution 242 of
1967.
The Camp David Accords are explicitly based on these
two resolutions and the historic Egyptian-Israeli peace
treaty was achieved by the process of direct negotiations.
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak reaffirmed to a delega-
tion of American Jewish Committee officers in Cairo on
Nov. 4 his view that any other approach "lacks reality" and
expressed his hope that other Arab states would come to see
the value of Egypt's example of pursuing direct negotia-
tions. The Saudi "peace plan" undercuts this process by
raising Arab hopes that they can achieve their objectives
through international pressure on Israel.

The Saudi plan does not explicitly state that Israel
has the right to live in peace "within secure and rec-
ognized boundaries" as called for in resolution 242.
Nor is there any reference to normal relations be-
tween Israel and its neighbors as is provided in Camp
David. Much has been made of point seven of Crown
Prince Fand ibn Abd al-Aziz's "peace" plan. As offi-
cially presented to the United Nations on Oct. 5 by
Prince Saud al-Faisal, the Saudi Foreign Minister,
point seven reads: "confirmation of the right of the
countries of the region to live in peace."

To the American reader this obviously includes Israel.
But does it to the Saudis? In the same speech the following
sentence appears: "Ever since the forces of East and West
(Continued on Page 13)

NEW YORK (JTA) — Of the pro-AWACS mail received by U.S. Senators
during the October debate, 7.1 percent was anti-Semitic and 32 percent was
critical of Israel for alleged "interference" in the controversy, according to a
survey made public by the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith.
The survey, conducted following reports that anti-Semitism had surfaced
among some of the Senators' constituents during the AWACS debate, further
revealed that the mail ran more than 2-1 against the sale.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger described the injec-
tion of criticism of the "Jewish lobby" in the debate on the sale of
AWACS reconnaissance aircraft and other sophisticated weaponry to
Saudi Arabia as an "ugly tone" and at the same time reaffirmed
President Reagan's commitment to Israel.
Weinberger also said the United States would require any proposal for
peace in the Mideast to contain "explicit recognition" of Israel, although he
admitted that "bits and pieces" of any proposal by Israel's neighbors could be
used to supplement the Camp David process.
Speaking to the ADL this week, Weinberger said, "The only plan that
CASPAR WEINBERGER
meets this basic condition is the Camp David negotiating process." He said that
the U.S. would not be "pressured" into accepting any other approach. "I think that is something everyone in
the world should understand," he said.
Weinberger's remarks on Middle East foreign policy were part of his address to 600 people at the
Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith "Man of the Year Award" dinner in New York over the weekend. It
was Weinberger's first address to a Jewish group since Senate approval last month of the $8.5 billion arms
sale to Saudi Arabia.

Moderate WB Arabs
Protest PLO Murder

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Moderate Arab leaders in the West
Bank condemned the attack Tuesday on Yussuf Al-Khatib, head
of the village association in the Ramallah district. The leaders
expressed sorrow at the death of Al-Khatib's son, Khazem.
The attack took place Tuesday morning, when father and son
were on their way from their home village to Ramallah. Al-
Khatib was apparently attacked for his close ties with the Israeli
authorities. The security forces have not detained any suspects in
the attack.
The statement was published Wednesday in the Israeli
Arab language daily Al-Anba by another village associa-
(Continued on Page 14)

Weinberger spoke after the ADL's
national director, Nathan Perlmutter,
challenged "persons of high responsi-
bility" to "categorically repudiate the

injection of anti-Semitism and its
crony, dual loyalty" into the Middle
East debate. Perlmutter suggested this
should be done just as former
President Dwight Eisenhower pub-
licly denounced "McCarthyism."
Perlmutter said, "Let me say quickly
but firmly: a vote against the AWACS
enhancements was no less an expression of
Americanism than a vote for the AWACS.
And a vote for the AWACS enhancements

(Continued on Page 10)

Tenth of Pre-1948 Jewish Population Left in Islam

NEW YORK — Of the nearly one million Jews who lived in the Muslim Arab world
in 1945, less than one-tenth that number remain today, according to articles in the
autumn 1981 issue of Present Tense magazine, published by the American Jewish
Committee.
Describing "Islam and the Jewish Experience," Lois Gottesman states that the
establishment of Israel in 1948 resulted in "determined campaigns against the Jews.
Many were expelled with hardly more than the clothes on their backs."
- In the special issue of the quarterly magazine which is given over almost entirely to a
discussion of "The Jewish-Muslim Connection," Ms. Gottesman and others analyze the
factors leading to the decline of the Jewish presence in Muslim nations.
Even before Israel was founded, Ms. Gottesman points out, the situation of
the Jews in Islamic countries had become increasingly precarious: "In several
Arab countries new anti-Jewish measures were taken from the moment Israel
achieved independence. In the 1930s and 1940s, the spread of Nazi propaganda
and the Axis occupations of Arab states, such as Libya and Tunisia, were accom-
panied by anti-Jewish persecutions and even pogroms."
Nevertheless, she believes, it is the Jews who lived under Islam, and were influenced
by it politically, economically and culturally, who may one day serve as a bridge between
Jew and Muslim in the Middle East today.
A research analyst on Israel and the Middle East for the American Jewish Commit-
tee, Ms. Gottesman notes that, like Christianity, Islam is based partly on Judaism and
has much in common with Jewish practice. "Like Judaism," she says, "it is not only a
faith but a way of life, an orientation to the world."
In support of Ms. Gottesman's view, Daniel Pipes, an historian affiliated with the
University of Chicago, writes in the same Present Tense issue that "Islam followed the
Jewish approach to God by stressing works over faith ... Both are all-encompassing,
touching on family relations, social behavior, personal habits, political attitudes."

Pipes, like Ms. Gottesman, stresses the fact that the once-flourishing Jewish
communities in Muslim countries have been decimated, "and it is easy to forget
that most Jews once lived among Muslims."
Nissim Rejwan, a writer and editor who was born in Iraq and moved to Israel after
1948, recalls in "Life Among the Muslims: A Memoir," that he and his relatives and
friends in Baghdad in the mid-1940s lived in a general atmosphere of "tolerance." Even
(Continued on Page 12)

• 1 •

Jewish Population in Muslim Countries

Afghanistan
Algeria
Bahrein
Egypt
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon .
Libya
Morocco
Sudan
Syria
Tunisia
Turkey
Yemen (including Aden)
Approximate Totals

pre-1948
5,000
130,000-140,000
400
75,000
90,000-100,000
125,000
5,000
38,000
265,000-300,000
400
30,000(1943)
105,000
80,000
55,000
1,003,000-1,060,000

1980

70
600
10
300
35,000-50,000
350
300-400
15 (?)
18,000
40
5,000
6,000
20,000-22,000
1,000-1,500
86,000-104,000

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