Keeping the Facts
Commentary, Page 2
THE JEWISH NEWS
A ‘VeekIN Re'view
Echoes in USSR,
of Jeitish Events
Editorials, Page 4
Copynghl c: The Jewish News Publishing Co
VOL. LXXX, No. 9
17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833
$15 Per Year: This Issue 35'
October 30, 1981
Triumphant Reagan Believes
Senate Victory Boosts Peace
Tourism Agreement Signed
by Israelis and Egyptians,
Autonomy Progress Seen
TEL AVIV (JTA) — The text of the agreement on
tourism signed at the end of Egyptian Foreign Minister
Kamal Hassan Ali's three-day visit to Israel on Tuesday
shows that the Egyptians have agreed to most of Israel's
demands for ease of access and movement for Israeli
tourists in Sinai after the final withdrawal next April.
Ali was accompanied by his deputy, Butros Ghalli, and
the agreement was signed by Hanan Baron and Taher
Shash, officials of the Israeli and Egyptian foreign minis-
tries. It will be signed by the two foreign ministers after
ratification by the governments.
Negotiations on the Israeli side were conducted by
Defense Minister Ariel Sharon, whose political stature has
grown considerably by the flexibility he has shown, accord-
ing to Israeli observers.
The 13-paragraph "agreed minutes" says that
visas will be granted for tourists to Eilat arriving at
Ras El-Naqb (the Etzion air base to be evacuated by
Israel near Ophira), with "proper facilities" available
also at Eilat airport. Egyptian and Israeli flights be-
tween Sinai and Israel will be on a mutual basis. Air
corridors are to be arranged and consulates opened
in Eilat and Sharm El-Sheikh.
Foui border crossing points along the old international
frontier to which Israel is to withdraw are detailed, with
Israel building the necessary facilities for both countries at
Free movement is to be permitted for both countries in
Sinai, by bus, car and motorcycle in advance of the evacua-
tion date, to enable them to make suitable arrangements
for procedures after April.
Arrangements for the Egyptian purchase of existing
Israeli facilities will be coordinated through a joint com-
mission to be established. The commission will also discuss
and agree on local arrangements for police and other mat-
ters in the border area, including smuggling and public
health and veterinary services.
The next meeting of the High Committee (the
ministerial committee which hammered out this
agreement) is to take place in Egypt in January.
(Continued on Page 13)
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The movement to prevent the sale of AWACS
radar aircraft and other advanced military equipment to Saudi Arabia suffered
defeat Wednesday when the Senate voted 52 to 48 to reject a resolution disap-
proving the Reagan Administration's $8.5 billion arms package.
The Administration achieved its victory after eight hours of debate when
key Senators opposed to the deal switched sides at the 11th hour and others in
the undecided ranks opted to support the President who had lobbied vigorously
for the sale.
In a statement to reporters at the White House following the vote,
Reagan repeated his belief that the sale of Airborne Warning and Con-
trol Systems aircraft, Sidewinder air-to-air missiles, extended range fuel
tanks for the Saudis' F-15 jets, refueling tanker planes and spare parts -
would bring stability to the Saudi regime and the Middle East. The $8.5
billion arms sale is the largest in U.S. history.
Sen. Slade Gorton (R-Wash ), one of the opponents of the sale, announced on
the Senate floor Wednesday morning that he would support President Reagan.
Sen. Gorton's announcement followed the declaration by 10 Senators on Tuesday that they supported the
sale. The most surprising switch was that of Sen. Roger Jepsen (R-Iowa), one of the early leading foes of the
AWACS sale, who on Tuesday said he now had to support a Republican President. Jepsen had been opposed
to the arms sale since it was first announced in April and had been one of the leading speakers last May at
the annual meeting of the America-Israel Public Affairs Committee ( AIPAC).
Until Tuesday, the opposition to the sale had expected to win, but the President, who met individually
with at least 45 Senators, pressed hard to prevent a Senate veto.
Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.), who called the arms sale one of the most dangerous" ever proposed,
told reporters that he had never seen during his 19 years in the Senate, Senators who had announced their
position on a "major policy question" that has been
debated throughout the country make 180-degree
changes. Kennedy called the President "very persua-
sive" but said he was not suggesting any improper rea-
son for the switches of Senators opposed to the sale. He
said many have. said that their switches were based on
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Israel has reacted with
secret information which he said they have refused to
"pain," "sorrow" and "astonishment" to the news
share with other Senators. He said in the past when
that the new Socialist government in Greece
there was secret information involving an issue,
headed by Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou
the Senate went into closed session.
has invited Palestine Liberation Organization
chief Yasir Arafat to pay an official visit to Athens
Gorton based his change from an opponent to
and that it intends to upgrade the PLO's informa-
a supporter of the sale on a letter sent to him by
tion office there.
Reagan which he said answered his concerns
Despite the official "astonishment," Israel
about the sale.
government circles were not surprised at
The letter, signed by Reagan, said that the AWACS
Papandreou's move: they had expected it
will be transferred to the Saudis "only after the Con-
since the new Greek premier has been consis-
gress has received, in writing, a Presidential certifica-
tent and outspoken in his support for a PLO
(Continued on Page 12)
(Continued on Page 6)
Israel Reacts to
Liberator Conference in Washington Bears
Witness to the Horrors of the Nazi Holocaust
WASHINGTON (JTA) — Holocaust survivors and representatives of 14 countries whose armies liberated the
tion camps at the end of World War II gathered at the State Department this week to, as one survivor said, "share the most
most personal, anguishing memories."
At the opening ceremony of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council's first International Liberators
Wiesel, the writer and chairman of the council, noted that there was "a vicious phenomenon" existing which denied the Holocaust.
He said that the survivors are not believed about what happened to them. "Perhaps you ( the liberators) will be heard," he said.
Noting "explosions in Paris, bombs in Antwerp, murderous attacks in Vienna," Wiesel asked, "Is it conceivable
that Nazism can dare come back into the open so soon — while we are still alive, while we are still here to denounce its
poisonous nature, as illustrated in Treblinka?"
Wiesel declared that those who were murdered in the Holocaust "must not be killed again" by forgetting them. He called on
survivors and liberators to "dedicate ourselves -not only to the memory of those who suffered but to the future of those who are
The theme of the conference is a quotation from Wiesel: "For the dead and the living, we must bear witness!" That theme of
remembrance was also sounded by Secretary of State Alexander Haig, who welcomed the conference to the State Department. "We
can bear the memory of the Holocaust only if we strive to prevent its reoccurrence," he said.
But Haig also issued a more pointed warning. "Genocide succeeded because the defenders of individual rights allowed
themselves to be divided," he said, "because they sought refuge in an illusion, in weakness. They failed to fight for their own
Haig noted his visit to Yad Vashem in Israel. "The Jewish people have not lost their hope in God, in themselves, in
mankind," he said.
was represented by
The ceremony opened Monday night, under the flags of the 14 nations participating in the conference. Israel
veterans of the World War II Jewish Brigade. Three concentration camp survivors carried in a Nazi flag that flew over Dachau
(Continued on Page 5)