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September 11, 1981 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-09-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

10 Friday, September 11, 19131

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Nazi Paintings on Display
at Colorado Army Depot

NEW YORK — A display
consisting of 40 paintings
commissioned four decades
ago by the leaders of Nazi
Germany has transformed
an army supply depot in
Pueblo, Colo. into a
makeshift art museum.

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The paintings were never
intended for public display.
For the most part, the can-
vasses are too large — some
are more than nine-feet tall
— or too damaged. Many
are also politically sensi-
tive; such as heroic portraits
of the Nazi leadership in full
uniform or canvasses de-
picting Nazi party rallies.

But, after receiving re-
quests from students in-
terested in Nazi prop-
aganda techniques, as
well as art historians and
World War II veterans
wanting to see the paint-
ings, the Army agreed to
put some of the paintings
in Pueblo on display by
propping them up
against the warehouse
walls.

More than 100 visitors,
including high school and
university groups saw the
paintings last year. Small,
hand-lettered signs lean
against the canvasses, iden-
tifying the title and artist,
and a three-page mimeog-
raphed sheet explaining the
history of the collection is
furnished to visitors.

INSTANT

COLOR
PASSPORTS

Brazilian Jewry. number-
ing about 150,000 (of which
120,000 are Ashkenazim),
centers about the great
metropolitan centers of Rio
de Janeiro and Sao Paulo,
where 80 percent of Brazi-
lian Jewry reside.
Jewish life in Brazil is
linked together in an effec-
tive communal organiza-
tion, Confederacao Israelita
do Brasil. In commerce and
in industry the Jewish lifes-
tyle in Brazil is comparable
to that of any Western coun-
try. _
Singularly outstanding is
the Jewish Community
Center of Sao Paulo or
"Hebraica," a country club
occupying perhaps six
square blocks of prime
industrial land, with 25,000
members. On the premises
are three Olympic-size
swimming pools, four res-
taurants, a gymnasium sea-
ting 5,000 persons, a thea-
ter with 1,000 seats, two
synagogues and gardens
and landscaping befitting
the Garden of Eden.

But the Jews of Brazil
appear to be complacent,
oblivious of the desper-
ate need for social reform
— perhaps 75 percent of
Brazilians are illiterate.
Brazilian Jewry are
upper middle class and
their economic and edu-
cational achievements
have won them ac-
ceptability by the elite
strata of Brazilian
society. But they are af-
raid to take a public posi-
tion on issues confront-
ing their country as well
as issues confronting the
state of Israel, for to do so

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The 40 paintings on dis-
play are among some 300
that have been stored at the
facility since 1972. The
paintings in Pueblo are but
a small part of a collection of
more than 6,000 German
war paintings, drawings
and photographs confis-
cated as Nazi propaganda
following World War II.

Brazilian Jewry Complacent in Spite of Social Problems

By WARREN FREEDMAN

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By JOSEPH POLAKOFF

WASHINGTON — Nobel
Laureate Christian B. An-
finsen, a convert to
Judaism, will serve as chief
scientist of a new research
and development enterprise
in Rehovot. The company,
named Taglit, hae- been
formed by Yeda, the corpo-
rate arm of the Weizmann
Institute of Science, and
E.F. Hutton Co., the Jewish
Week of Washington re-

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(in lobby of American Savings Blgs.)

West Indies, and for the 30,000 Jews entered
might jeopardize their
Brazil.
next 200 years Jews played
economic aristocracy.
However, after 1937, gov-
There is a soft core of important roles in the life
and growth of various ernment authorities tight-
anti-Semitism present in
ened
up on immigration and
Caribbean
islands
as
plan-
Brazil, and the Jewish
maintained that policy
tation owners, shopkeepers,
Cariocas and Paulistas are
importers, slavetraders, until the end of World War
fearful of change from their
II when the barriers were
shippers and chandlers.
current prosperity.
again relaxed.
The next stage of Brazi-
The history of the-Jews of
Brazil is a strange and tur- lian Jewish life came with
the
liberation
of
Brazil
from
bulent one, going back to
FOR YOUR
the founding of Brazil-itself Portuguese domination in
1822. Jews began to filter
in the early 16th Century.
Almost 500 years ago, the back into Brazil from as far
first colonizers came to 'as Morocco. In Belem do
CADILLAC
Brazil from Portugal, and in Para, several hundred
their company was at least Moroccan Jews settled and
this
port
city
was
the
birth-
one person of Jewish origin,
SEE ME
Gaspar da Gama. He was place of two Jewish generals
in the Brazilian army. In
followed many years later
1824
Brazilian
Jews
built
a
by a number of New Chris-
tians who were of Jewish synagogue in Belem, 'the
Sales & Leasing
descendancy and who capital of the state of Para.
The beginnings of Brazil's
secretly practiced Jewish
modern Jewish community
rituals.
at AUDETTE CADILLAC
When the Dutch col- occurred in 1904 when the
7100 Orchard Lake
southern Brazilian com-
onized northeastern Brazil
munities
were
organized.
Rd.
in the 1630s Jewish com-
munity life truly began, for Initially they were agricul-
at Northwestern,
the Dutch government at tural settlements of Rus-
West Bloomfield
The Hague had proclaimed sian Jews.
The stream of-refugees
freedom of religious obser-
continued,
and
by
World
(313) 851-7200
vance for all colonizers and
War I Brazil had a Jewish
natives.
thereafter population in excess of
Shortly
6,000. The years follow-
Jewish communities
PERSONALIZED SERVICE
ing brought increases
were established in the
WARMED
in immigration. Between
towns of Recife and
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Mauricia. The Jewish
colony of Recife in 1641
had a rabbi from
Amsterdam administer-
ing for its two congrega-
tions.
But a few years later the
s t;',‘ NU. we,
Portuguese successfully
waged war on the Dutch,
and the victorious Por-
tuguese ordered the Jews
and the Dutch out of Brazil.
That year of 1654 found a
Shop around and compare Then bring us your best price. We'S beat it.
number of Brazilian Jews
You win soon discover who his the lowest price and VW largest selection
on their way to New York.
of diamonds anwhere Hundreds of settings to choose from
Other Jews drifted into the
HOWARD S. WSW • SIA ACCREDITED DIAMOND APPRAISER

ported.
Anfinsen, who won the
Nobel prize in chemistry in
1972, recently retired from
the National Institutes of
Health (NIH) where he
served more than 30 years.
He organized the scientific
exchange program between
NIH and Israeli scientists at
the Weizmann Institute and
has been a member of the
Weizmann board of gover-
nors for many-years.

BB Fall Banquet
Honors President
and Mrs. Ford

WASHINGTON — Bnai
Brith International will
honor former President
Gerald R. Ford and his wife,
Betty, with its Gold Medall-
ion for Humanitarianism
Oct. 10 in Los Angeles.

Proceeds from the ban-
quet will be used to help
support Bnai Brith's youth
services — the Hillel Foun-
dation, located on some 400
college campuses, the Bnai
Brith Youth Organization
serving more than 35,000
teenagers, and the Career
and Counseling ServieNs, •
which provide career and
• job testing and counseling
— - to- thousands-annually

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