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August 14, 1981 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-08-14

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275 520)

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951

Copyright © The Jewish News Publishing Co.

Member of American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, National Editorial Association and
National Newspaper Association and its Capital Club.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865,.Southfield, Mich. 48075
Postmaster: Send address changes to The Jewish News, 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $15 a year.



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Editor and Publisher

News Editor

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- —
Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the 15th day of Ay, 5741, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deuteronomy 3:23-7:11. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 40:1-26,

Candle lighting, Friday, Aug. 14, 8:16 p.m.

VOL. LXXIX, No. 24

Page Four

Friday, Aug. 14, 1981


Arabs and Jews might have come together
sooner, speedier, with less rancor had it not
been for animosities incurred by deluded ele-
ments who seem inspired by a view that Israel is
belligerent, that the Jewish state is dominated
by embittered hardliners, that Jews want a
state but would deny one to their neighbors.
It doesn't matter that there are 23 Arab states
already functioning, represented in the inter-
national community with delegations in the
United Nations; that they number in the hun-
dreds of thousands and are dominated by the oil
wealth, that there was and there is a Palesti-
nian state which has assumed the name of Jor-
What seems to delude those who now speak of
a Palestinian state are the multiplying hatreds
for a single man, Menahem Begin, who hap-
pened to be the prime minister of the state con-
stantly under scrutiny and diagnosis. It prob-
ably would not have mattered if he had not
ordered the bombing of the PLO headquarters
in Beirut. As long as those who have failed to
make a more serious issue of the 90,000 who
died in the Lebanese crises in the past decade
are now pinpointing Israel as having aban-
doned the Jewish moral codes, the head of the
nation responsible for the tragedy of that unfor-
tunate occurrence still would have been an ob-
ject for derision and enmity.
This is the proof in nearly all editorials and
columns commenting on the situation in the
Middle East. The hatred for a single person has
become the medium for advocating new actions
that could destroy both the prime minister and
the state who are the targets in the Middle East.
These expressions of concern are caused both
by the regrettable approaches to the issues,
commentators now pointing fingers at Jews
with rebukes that you call us anti-Semites be-
cause we want peace and we differ with you";
and a new shock to human decency, in a pro-
posal by Flora Lewis in the New York Times, in
which she urges mass murderer Yasir Arafat to
establish a Palestinian government-in-exile as
means of attaining his goals.
It is to the credit of President Ronald Reagan
and Secretary of State Alexander Haig that
they did not fall into such traps. Apparently
they established a rapport with Egypt's
President Anwar Sadat for a realistic tackling
of the problem, as means of attaining the aspi-
ration for autonomy for the Arabs in Judea and
Samaria, on the Jordanian border. It is by
means of dealing with the Palestinians who
speak for their communities in the area in-
volved. They are the Arabs who have lived in
pre-Israel Palestine together with Jews in the
Holy Land. They are not the murder-inspiring
who are headquartered in Beirut, whose mur-
derous threats to Israel were the direct cause of
bombings which tragically incurred heavy civi-
lian losses.
There is reason to believe that those who hon-
orably approach the need for dealing with the
mayors of cities in Judea and Samaria, which is
most generally referred to as the West Bank,
recognize the fact that they are not the only
Palestinians. Jews also were Palestiniahs in the
centuries of their continuous domiciling in the
Holy Land, their historic residence in their an-

cient homeland having never been totally inter-
These facts are not stated in anger. Flora
Lewis, Anthony Lewis, William Raspberry,
editorial writers, radio-TV commentators, et
al., are not anti-Semites. They avail to take into
account the menace to Israel of granting credi-
bility to those who would destroy Israel. But
when a mass murderer whose covenant calls for
Israel's destruction is being guided towards es-
tablishing a government-in-exile, he is given
legitimacy to provide the means for Israel's de-
This is what the prime minister of Israel
wishes to prevent. He has blundered when
casualties in a defensive action resulted in los-
ses that gave ammunition for hatred for Israel.
His hands must be upheld when he stays firm in
refusing to submit to destruction of Israel by
anyone, even if the person is in the administra-
tive forces of friendly governments.
The facts are not to be ignored. Jews were
Palestinians long before there were Arab Pales-
tinians. Now there is the urgency to re-establish
amity with them, for Arabs to have the planned
autonomy, for peoples of good will to get to-
gether and to live in harmony. Those who would
destroy that concept must not be granted
ammunition to prevent a genuine peace.
There is the continually-comforting proof
that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat means
business when he speaks of peace with Israel
and rebukes his coreligionists, Hussein, Assad
and their associates, for failing to join him in the
peace efforts. There is the encouraging evidence
that President Reagan shares that view. When
he meets with Prime Minister Begin in Sep-
tember the clarifications will multiply. Despair
may vanish. Pessimism should be reduced.
To attain these goals it is important that
those who have confused the issue, who have
introduced the anti-Semitic allusion into the
discussions, who are throwing the monkey
wrench into the machinery operating for peace,
should not be granted credibility in matters in-
volving the fate of Israel, the good will among
peoples, the peace of a vast area of the world.
The legitimizing of the PLO, because of Is-
rael's joining in a cease-fire arrangement, is a
shocking example of indifference to the realities
of the conditions affecting that troubled area.
When Anwar Sadat speaks of Palestinians he
does not glorify PLOism. Often he appears
forced to do so, but the media goes to some
lengths to give credibility to the sponsors of
genocidal programs for the Jewish state, and
the media helps it along.
Hopefully, the injection of hatreds will not be
tolerated. Hopefully, the Reagan-Haig view
will be one of rapport with Sadat for a lasting
peace, for upholding the hands of Prime Minis-
ter Menahem Begin and the people of Israel in
their consistent determination not to permit the
deluded views of columnists, the hatreds for a
single head of state, the genocidal threats to
Israel, receive even an iota of credibility. Jews
everywhere hope that the good will of the
American people will sustain Israel in this
struggle and that President Reagan will be
among the architects of policies towards these

Ancient Pirke Avoth Insights:
Philosophical, Psychological

Pirke Avoth, Ethics of the Fathers, is prescribed reading for
inspiration and study on Sabbath during the summer months.
The text of the Pirke Avoth is part of the Siddur. Most inspired
and instructive of Jewish teachings, the Ethics of the Fathers are
perhaps the most quoted of Jewish teachings.
The importance of these texts and their significance as part of
Jewish life is outlined in a most instructive work, "As a Tree by the
Waters" (Feldheim Publishers), in which the author, Rabbi Reuven P.
Bulka, offers a course of study and the means of delving deeply into
these sources.
There is an important definition for the Pirke Avoth in the
author's introduction in which he asserts:
"Pirke Avoth, which is normally refered to as 'Ethics of the
Fathers,' should be more precisely translated as 'Chapters of the
Fathers.' In the spirit of mediating between these two alternatives, it
may be said that Pirke Avoth are chapters of ethics. They are chapters
containing guiding principles for a Jewish way of life. To be exact,
they are more than merely ethics, they are what may be termed
`ultimate ethics,' or the way the human being should behave consis-
tent with God's plan."
Compilation of these tractates by Rabbi Yehuda HaNassi is ex-
plained by Rabbi Bulka, whose book is based on the series of lectures
he delivered in Ottawa where he now has his pulpit.
The six chapters in Pirke Avoth receive extensive evaluation in
"As a Tree by the Waters." They deal with the traditions and their
fundamental principles: relationships with community, "sanctifica-
tion of one's journey on earth," values that make for human behavior,
proper foundation of Torah principles,' acquisition of Torah knowl-
edge and precepts.
Pirke Avoth, therefore, spells out "how one acquires a Torah
personality and the natural outgrowths of this acquisition."
The complete translation of the Ethics of the Fathers assists the
reader in the studies encouraged by the author and in the acquisition
of knowledge about a most vital instrument for knowledgeability in
the basics of Jewish laws and traditions.
The Hebrew text and the translation are accompanied textually
by the author's commentary.
"As a Tree by the Waters" serves well for application in the
reading of the Pirke Avoth, enlightening the family as it joins in the
study of these gems in ethical teachings. The author recommends:
"Pirke Avoth, then, is not a remote and abstract text. It is rather
one which is part of the Sabbath Siddur. Though custom has estab-
lished a set pattern for the study of Pirke Avoth in the summer, it
should not be restricted to the summer. It is, in reality, a year-round
pursui t."

JNF's 80-Year History

Eighty years of land reclamation and development in Israel is
described in an historical analysis of the Jewish National Fund (Ke-
ren Kayemet le-Israel) in an 80-page paperback published by the JNF
in Israel.
In "Land in Israel," Efraim Orni traces the history of the JNF,
outlines its policies, shows in accompanying maps and photographs
how barren desert land was transformed into flourishing agricultural
Agrarian reform is expertly defined by Orni in this explanatory
book. The conditions before the Zionist efforts and the land settle-
ment, the rural settlements before and after World War I are factors
entering into the developing story of the JNF.

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