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July 24, 1981 - Image 16

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-07-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


16 Friday, July 24, 1981


for your party





Urgency in Cease-Fire Shortens Waldheim Deadline

(Continued from Page 1)
stating that a mechanical
malfunction had caused two
bombs to stray off targets,
hitting a large apartment
house and a third headquar-
ters that had not been a
planned target.
(Capt. Ahmed Jebril
who heads the Popular
Front for the Liberation
of Palestine, said that the
Palestinians and their
Lebanese leftist allies
now have "hundreds of


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Prospects for a cease-fire
on Israel's northern border
seemed to improve Tuesday
night following a lengthy
cabinet meeting in Israel,
and a talk between Premier
Begin and U.S. Envoy
Philip Habib.
Israeli officials said after
these meetings that Israel
was prepared to hold its fire
if the other side stopped
(In New York and in Be-
irut UN and PLO sources
indicated that PLO chief
Yasir Arafat had taken vir-
tually the same approach at
his meeting Monday with
UNIFIL Commander Gen.
William Callaghan.)
Israel publicly reiterated
its refusal to negotiate di-
rectly or indirectly with the
PLO, and its determination
to defend its citizens who
were being threatened by
PLO guns and rockets fired
from inside Lebanon.
Habib for his part read
out a statement to waiting
, newsmen following his
meeting with Begin saying
that: "On the basis of the
statement by the govern-
ment of Israel I will proceed
with my mission as directed


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by President Reagan to seek
to secure a cease-fire along
the Israeli-Lebanon border
as a first step to bringing
calm to the area.
Israeli officials said the
upshot of the two state-
ments was "that Habib can
negotiate a cease-fire."
They said he could talk
with Lebanese, Saudi and
Syrian leaders — but not
with the PLO.
But political observers
noted that the U.S., the
UN and other states are
known to be in private or
public contact with the
PLO, and that the PLO's
consent will plainly have
to be procured for a ces-
sation of shooting along
the border.
Reading out the cabinet
statement to newsmen,
Begin noted first that he
had reported to the minis-
ters on his earlier talks with

U.S., Israel
Tie Explored

"Clients or partners?: Israel
and the U.S." remained un-
answered at last week's an-
nual international confer-
ence of the Leonard David
Institute for International
Relations. Yet most speak-
ers would agree to a little of
Hebrew University Prof.
Shlomo Avineri explained
the "paradox" of Israel-U.S.
relations as two-fold. "Un-
like any other client coun-
try, Israel possesses
maximum dependence and
maximum flexibility," he
said. "Also unprecedented is
the fact that Israel's mili-
tary capability surpasses
that of the U.S."
Calling the IDF "equiv-
alent to NATO strength in
regional terms," MK Moshe
Arens cited ideological
agreement and self-interest
as the basis for a close U.S. -
Israel relationship. "In fact,
Israel remains militarily,
economically and ideologi-
cally dependent on the
U.S.," he said. "The degree
of autonomy varies and pol-
icy is often inconsistent, but
no small nation in the world
has real independence."

UJA Contest
Winners Told

Eight winners have been
chosen in the United Jewish
Appeal university essay
contest. The essay theme
was: "Toward Jewish Sur-
vival in the 21st Century:
New Visions and
The winning authors are:
Paul Wolpe of Narberth,
Pa., and Anne Rosen of New
Rochelle, N.Y., both of Yale
University; Joel Laitman of
Tenafly, N.J. and Columbia
University; Bradley Artson
of San Francisco; Yitzhak
Klein of Worcester, Mass.
and Gilrad Troy of Hollis
Hills, N.Y., all of Harvard
University; Saul Brenner of
Beverly Hlls, Calif. and the
University of California at
Berkeley; and Paul Kerbel
of Silver Spring, Md., and
the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America.

Habib and on "personal
messages" received from
Secretary of State Alexan-
der Haig. The cabinet had
resolved, Begin said:
• "The government
agrees that Mr. Habib em-
bark upon contacts with the
president of Lebanon, Mr.
Sarkiss, and the govern-
ment of Lebanon with the
aim of establishing peaceful
relations between Israel
and Lebanon from where
the terrorist organizations
incessantly attack the terri-
tory of Israel and murder
and maim its citizens.
• "The government of
Israel will under no cir-
cumstances conduct
negotiations, directly or
indirectly, with the Arab
terrorist organizations
whose declared aim is the
destruction of Israel and
its people and who inten-
tionally turn their arms,
supplied to them in large
quantities by the Soviet

Union, Libya and Syria,
against the Jewish popu-
lation. Likewise the gov-
ernment of Israel does
not authorize anybody to
conduct negotiations
with the afforementioned
• "The government will
continue to defend the citi-
zens of Israel. This is its
right and its duty."
(The Conference of
Presidents of Major Ameri-
can Jewish Organizations
was to meet in emergency
session Thursday to be
briefed by Israel's Ambas-
sador Ephraim Evron on the
reasons for the extensive
bombings which resulted in
hundreds of casualties.
(Concern in Jewish ranks
over the extensive bomb-
ings and loss of civilian lives
has threatened a division in
Jewish public opinion
which is threatening rifts in
the hitherto unified efforts
for Israel.)

Reagan Hopes to Prevent
Spread of Nuclear Arms

President Reagan an-
nounced a policy to avoid
the spread of nuclear
weapons by encouraging
the export of nuclear mate-
rial, including breeder reac-
tors, to countries which
have an advanced nuclear
power program as along as
there are safeguards to pre-
vent the material from
being converted into
Administration officials
stressed that such a policy
would give the U.S. greater
"influence" to persuade
other countries not to build
nuclear weapons.
At a White House brief-
ing, Administration offi-
cials denied that the policy
announcement was
triggered by Israel's air at-
tack on Iraq's nuclear reac-
tor last month.
Since the June 7 raid,
both those in Congress
who have denounced Is-
rael's action and those
who have suppored it

have been urging the
Administration to fash-
ion a strong non-
proliferation program.
Administration officials
said that the new policy
had been "many weeks"
in the drafting.

Both the President and
the officials who explained
his statement emphasized
that the non-proliferation
program was a continuation
of the policies of past Ad-
ministrations. This in-
cluded a declared need to
prevent the spread of nu-
clear weapons, support of
the Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Treaty and
support for the Interna-
tional Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA).
The officials stressed that
what makes Reagan's pro-
gram different from past
programs is that , it
encourages working with
friendly countries for the
peaceful use of nuclear

U.S. Jews Asked to Begin
New Drive for Romania Jews

Organizations comprising
the Conference of
Presidents of Major Ameri-
can Jewish Organizations
are being asked to take new
initiatives on Romanian
Jewish emigration before
the Senate hearings Mon-
day on the renewal of most-
favored-nation status for
Such renewal is depen-
dent on Congressional de-
termination whether
Romania is making satis-
factory progress toward
freer emigration under the
Jackson Amendment.
In a letter to the con-
stituent organization of the
Presidents Conference,
Jacob Birnbaum, director of
the Center for Russian and
East European Jewry, cited
the "outrageous drop" in
annual Romanian Jewish
emigration from over 4,000

in the years before
Bucharest received Ameri-
can economic benefits to
barely 1,000 in recent years.
He noted that during
the first six months of
1981 only 329 Romanian
Jews received exit visas.
"This monthly average of
55 contrasts dramatically
with the monthly 250-350
before 1975," Birnbaum
Birnbaum contended that
"since Bucharest has estab-
lished an annual emigra-
tion flow of approximately
11,000 Romanian Germans
to West Germany and about
3,000 other citizens to the
U.S., similar arrangements
could be made for Jewish
emigration to Israel to re-
vert to the annual 3,000-
4,000 figure of only a few
years earlier."

There is a sweet pleasure
in contemplation.

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