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July 17, 1981 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-07-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, July 11, 1981 5

Talks Optimistic, F-16s Will Be Delivered to Israel

(Continued from Page 1)
delivery of F-16 warplanes
could be resumed.
The Reagan Adminis-
tration apparently plans
to go down to the wire on
its self-imposed deadline
for an expected an-
nouncement that the
United States will resume
shipment of F-I6 jew
fighters to Israel.
(White House spokesmen
announced Thursday morn-
ing that the 10 F-15 jets will
be shipped to Israel from
Texas immediately. The

awaited report on alleged
Israeli guilt of using Ameri-
can jets illegally for attacks
on Iraq apparently is being
shelved.)
State
Department
spokesman Dean Fischer
refused to disclose anything
McFarlane may have dis-
cussed while in Israel nor
would he clarify what the
"misunderstandings" were
between Israel and the U.S.
He said that he could not
say whether McFarlane had
discussed the use of
American-made weapons

by Israel in its raids on
Palestinian terrorist bases
in Lebanon.
He said McFarlane
went to Israel for the
"specific" purpose of dis-
cussing the use of
American-made
weapons in the raid on
Iraq.
State Department deputy
spokesman Alan Romburg
said Tuesday that there is
"no connection between the
decision" on the F-16s and
the Administration's pro-
posal to sell AWACS recon-

naisance aircraft and other
weapons to Saudi Arabia.
He was replying to press
reports from the Middle
East that McFarlane had
shown Israel the terms
under which the AWACS
would be sold to the Saudis.
McFarlane reportedly tried
to lessen Israeli opposition
to the AWACS sale in re-
turn for resumption of the
F-16 deliveries.
There has also been much
speculation that the Ad-
ministration would offi-
cially notify Congress of its

proposed AWACS sale at
the same time that it an-
nounced resumption of the
F-16 deliveries in order to
neutralize opposition from
both Israel and the Arab
countries.

But a Capitol Hill
source said that in order
to prevent the accusation
of linkaget the adminis-
tration is now not ex-
pected to send the
AWACS package to Con-
gress for another week to
10 days.

Spanish Jews Propose an Economic Plan for Israel

By MICHAEL FOONER

(Copyright 1981, JTA, Inc.)

MADRID — Spanish
Jews seem to take an
upside-down view of dip-
lomatic relations with Is-
rael — Israel could help
Spain cope with its prob-
lems if Spain established re-
lations, much more than
Spain would help Israel.
For instance, says
Maurice Hatchwell, an in-_
ternational businessman,
Israel could supply Spain
with much needed
technological, research and

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development assistance. It
could help Spain get her
economy moving again, he
believes.
Spain, however, is
stone-walling on the Israeli
proposals to normalize dip-
lomatic relations. Maurice
Toledano, an international
commodities trader based in
Madrid who is also active in
Jewish community affairs,
declares the government's
denial of diplomatic recog-
nition of Israel results from
submission to Arab
blackmail, and hurts both
Spain and Israel.
"Our
government
over-reacts to threats by
oil-producing countries,"
he says. "Spain is not
wholly dependent on
them. Coal imports, for
example, are rising stead-
ily, and are already
scheduled at 17 to 20 mil-
lion tons annually, equal
to 30 percent of our re-
liance on oil, and coal im-
ports could be

in-
creased."
But at the same time,
some Jewish businessmen
in Spain are critical of Is-
rael's failure to solve its own
economic problems despite
the talents of its own people.
The Jewish state is in
serious danger due to per-
sistent housing shortages,
unemployment and infla-
tion, according to Hatch-
well. Worse than the mate-
rial difficulties is the impact
on Israeli citizen morale, he
says.
And he adds, the Jewish
community of Spain does
not propose to sit idly by in

frustration. Israel's essen-
tial concentration on mili-
tary defense and security
needs must be matched with
solid, progressive economic
initiatives if it is to survive
as a viable nation, he de-
clares.
"We need to counteract
what is becoming a gen-
eral demoralization of Is-
raeli youth. Graduates of
schools and colleges are
coming out into a world
of no jobs and little hope.
The result is emigration
or despair or both among
talented young people
who should be the
backbone of Israel's fu-
ture," he said.
Hatchwell's solution is a
proposal to form a commit-
tee of Diaspora business
leaders and economic spe-
cialists which will devise a
new modern plan of Israeli
economic development, to
be placed at the disposal of
the new Israeli government.
"Jewish talent for indus-
trial and commercial man-
agement is a phenomenal
resource," he observes, "and
exists the world over. In the
present crisis it must be or-
ganized and channeled in a
way Israel can use and grow
on."
He sees the committee as
consisting of 20 outstanding
business leaders and
economists, with nine or 10
from North America, and
three or four each from
South America, England
and Europe. The object is
not just another foreign in-
vestment survey, but to
come up with new ideas for

solid economic develop-
ment.
Asked why Spanish
Jewry should be the
source of this initiative,
Hatchwell says it is a
natural consequence of
Israel's being part of the
Sephardic world.
"There are 600,000
Sephardic Jews in Israel to-
day, people with whom we
have the closest kinship,
who are part of that special
cultural identity that rooted
and flowered in Spain for
1,500 years, and which
merged itself into the body
of the nation of Israel," he
declared.
Israel desperately needs
links to the outside world
for survival and well-being,
he said. Sephardic com-
munities around the world
have had a built-in sense of
their kinship since the
Diaspora first came into
existence, and have main-
tained it through centuries
of migrations.
In the past three decades,
Israel has become a major
link in the global chain of
Sephardic communities,
due to the heavy migration
there, especially in -two
waves, during the mid-'50s
and after the 1967 war.
Spain, by contrast, is
numerically a minor link
in terms of numbers. It
has, however, an impor-
tant psychological posi-
tion in Sephardic Jewry,
as the cultural and histor-
ical "homeland" of their
world wide community.
That psychological posi-
tion has been enormously

strengthened by the
recognition granted their
community by secular
authorities within Spain.
Moreover, secular and of-
ficial Spain has become in-
tensely interested in its
"Jewish roots" and has in-
itiated the study of Jews'
historic participation in
Spanish culture, activity
which is independent of
present-day Jewish paroc-
hial concerns.

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summit in Nairobi last
month. Cairo's Minister of
State for Foreign Affiars,
Butros Ghali, made a
speech at that summit
which Israel regarded as
unwarrantedly strident and
hostile.
Shamir also cited
Egypt's behavior at the
UN, and at the Interna-
tional Atomic Energy
Commission in Vienna,
where Egyptian dele-
gates echoed Israel's
most hardline foes in
their attacks on the Is-
raeli air raid.
Shamir's letter, it is un-
derstood, was written in
close coordination with
Prime Minister Begin him-
self.
The letter also dwelt on

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the vehement — and in
some cases virulent — reac-
tions in the Egyptian press
to Israel's action. Shamir
sought to remind Ali that
the peace treaty between
the two states, in Article V
of Annex III, requires that
"the parties shall seek to
foster mutual understand-
ing and tolerance and will,
accordingly, abstain from
hostile propaganda against
each other."

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Israel Reported Fuming Over Criticism
by Egypt on Bombing of Iraq Reactor

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
Israel has delivered what
sources here termed a
"sharp protest" to Egypt
over Cairo's conduct follow-
ing the Israeli air raid on
the Iraqi nuclear reactor on
June 7.
In a letter from Foreign
Minister Yitzhak Shamir to
Egypt's Foreign Minister
Kemal Hassan Ali, Israel
complained forcefully and
bitterly at Egypt's vehe-
mently hostile criticism of
the Israeli attack. The letter
was delivered Wednesday
by Ambassador Moshe Sas-
son.
Shamir cited particularly
Egypt's leading role in the
Organization of African
Unity in condemnation of
Israel, issued by the OAU

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Meanwhile, Secretary of
State Alexander Haig said
that he was "optimistic"
about chances for "progress
in the near future" toward a
Middle East peace settle-
ment. "We are now on the
verge of initialing the Sinai
agreement which will per-
mit the return of the Sinai
to Egypt," he said. He
added, "there have been ex-
pressions already from the
Israeli government — that
government being formed
— suggesting that they
must get on with the au-
tonomy talks."
Haig said these were the
two remaining aspects of
the Camp David Accords
and that while the longer
term aspects of peace are
"very, very difficult," he
was "optimistic that with
good will on both sides and a
sense of urgency which
must be forthcoming, that
there will be progress in the
near future."

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