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July 03, 1981 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-07-03

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Dangers From
Growing Saudi -

Strong Support
for Israel's
Osirak Raid

Commentary, Page 2

k l

A Weekly' Review


VOL. LXXIX, No. 18


Iraq Nuclear
Reactor Bombing:
The Honor of

of Jewish Events

Editorial, Page 4

The Jewish News Publishing Co.

17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833

$15 Per Year: This Issue 35c

July 3, 1981

Hegemony of Begin and Likud
Assured by Religious Parties

11th Maccabia Games
Will Open on Sunday

Menahem Begin and the Likud veered toward reassuming political domination in Israel under a
mandate from the National Religious Party (NRP) and the related religious factions after Tuesday's
national elections in Israel.
Shimon Peres and the Labor Party, upon completion of the vote counting next week, may exceed
Begin's Knesset representation by one vote, 49 to 48, but retention of the prime ministership by Begin will
be due to at least 14 votes from the religious factions and other small parties, already assured to the
incumbent by Yosef Burg, spokesman for the NRP.
Thus, an election that drew 2,500,000 — 240,000 more than in 1977 when Begin scored his first
political victory for national leadership — continues as a parliamentary status quo ante,continuation of a
condition that has never changed in Israel. It began with David Ben-Gurion in 1948 when he attained a
coalition majority with the help of the religious groups, and has continued with all his successors in office.
In addition to Dr. Burg's alignment with the Likud and Prime Minister Begin, Agudat Israel leader
Rabbi Pinhas Menahem Alter also expressed the opinion that his
party would be part of a Likud coalition government for another four
Burg is Interior Minister in the present Likud administration
and he handled the now-dormant Palestinian autonomy negotiations
with Egypt.
If Tuesday's election is to be termed a political status quo

(Continued on Page 5


`The Mare' of Maidanek Given Life Term

JERUSALEM — The state of Israel has issued three
new stamps in honor of the 11th Maccabia Games, which
begin Sunday and run through July 16 for 3,500 Jewish
athletes from 26 countries throughout the world.
The stamps depict the high jump event in track and
field, the basketball competition and board sailing.
For the first time in the history of the Maccabia
the athletes will be housed according to their sport
and not with all the members of their national team.
The new system will promote friendships among the ,
athletes and reduce transportation and housing prob-
Michigan athletes participating in the Maccabia in-
clude Nanci Goldsmith, gymnastics; Mark Jaffe, tennis
masters; David Linden, squash; and Anita Rival, swim-

BONN (JTA) — Hermine Braunsteiner Ryan, the first and only Nazi war criminal to be stripped of U.S.
citizenship and extradited, was sentenced to life imprisonment in Duesseldorf on Tuesday, ending West Germany's
longest war crimes trial. The 61-year-old former New York housewife was convicted of the murders of over 1,100
prisoners while serving as a guard at the Maidanek death camp in Poland from 1942-1944 and of complicity in the
killing of more than 700 others.
Judge Guenter Bogen sentenced seven of her nine co-defendants to prison terms ranging from three to 12 years and
acquitted one. All were former guards or ranking officers at Maidanek. The prosecution had asked for life sentences for
five of the defendants, including Ryan.
The trial, which opened in Duesseldorf more than 5 1/2 years ago, was prolonged by legal disputes and difficulties in
mustering evidence concerning events that occurred 30 years earlier. But a parade of Maidanek survivors, Jewish and
non-Jewish, provided devastating eyewitness testimony to Ryan's brutal treatment of camp inmates. She was known
to them as "the Mare" for kicking prisoners with her heavy boots. Some 250,000 died in Maidanek's gas chambers or
were shot or beaten to death.
The saga that lifted Ryan from the obscurity she had sought in a middle class neighborhood of Queens,
N.Y. and brought her to justice in West Germany began in August 1968 when the U.S. Justice Department
(Continued on Page 6)

AIPAC Report Defends Israeli Air Strike at Osirak

(Editor's note: The fol-
lowing report, "The Is-
raeli Strike at Osirak,"
was printed as a supple-
ment of Near East Re-
port, published by
AirPAC, the American Is-
Wel Public Affairs Com-
mittee in Washington,

Is it true that Iraq is
engaged in a nuclear
arms program?
Secretary of State Haig
has said that Iraq "is trend-
ing towards the develop-
ment of nuclear capabilities
for military purposes." In a
Senate speech on March 17,
Sen. Alan Cranston (D-
Calif.) cited authoritative

assessments that Iraq has
embarked on a
approach" — a crash pro-
gram to produce nuclear
weapons. Iraq has
stockpiled the most sensi-
tive nuclear technologies
and materiel available,
using as its leverage its
position as a major oil
supplier to France and
Other U.S. intelligence
analysts point to the incon-
sistency between Iraq's vig-
orous nuclear research pro-
gram and its lack of pursuit
of a nuclear power program.
Iraq has not even started on
a program to buy large-

scale power reactors, as
have other countries in-
terested in electricity, nor
would such a program make
much economic sense for
Iraq, given its wealth of oil.
The types and variety of
Iraq's nuclear facilities and
fuel purchases have raised
widespread questions
among experts
In 1975, Iraq ordered
from France an ad-
vanced 70-megawatt ex-
perimental reactor, along
with 72 kilograms of
Uranium-235, enriched to
93 percent. This is
weapons-grade fuel, suf-
ficiently potent directly
to produce three or four
Hiroshima-type bombs.

A senior U.S. nuclear
official has said that
"there isn't any reason
to have a research reac-
tor that large in Iraq," for it
is too large for a research
facility. Theodore Taylor, a
former bomb designer in the
U.S. nuclear weapons pro-
gram, said: "Under certain
circumstances, at least one
nuclear weapon could be
made out of that amount —
12 kilograms of uranium,
which comprises one full
fueling of the facility."
The French have also
been training 600 Iraqi
technicians and scientists,
in France and in Baghdad.
Iraq has no nuclear re-
search program and no sci-

entists to man the reactor,
for the leading Iraqi scien-
tists were purged by the re-
In 1979, the reactor
equipment Iraq had origi-
nally bought from France
was mysteriously destroyed
at a French port. Sub-
sequently, France de-
veloped a new process good
enough to fuel a reactor and
permit all the research
functions at Osirak, but
with low-grade uranium
fuel — called Caramel —
unusable for diversion to
Last year the U.S. gov-
ernment asked France not
to resupply Iraq with the
same high-grade uranium,

but instead to give them
Caramel. The French raised
the issue with Iraq, but Iraq
demanded fulfillment of the
original order a sure sign
of its intent.
Iraq also has a $50-
million contract with
Italy, for the construction
of the "Dry-30" project, a
radio-chemistry labora-
tory for reprocessing ir-
radiated low-grade fuel,
which can separate out
and breed weapons-
grade, bomb-producing
plutonium from the
French fuel.
In the past year, Iraq
signed a nuclear coopera-
(Continued on Page 2)

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