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June 19, 1981 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-06-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

NEWS .

'ME'

Evron Describes Diplomatic Attempts to Defuse Iraq

(Continued from Page 10)
lieved Iraq was going to
build a nuclear device.
Israeli Ambassador
Evron rejected charges
that Israel had not
exhausted diplomatic ef-
forts before it destroyed
Iraq's nuclear reactor.
Speaking at a meeting of
the Board of Trustees of the

Union of American Hebrew
Congregations, Evron noted
that when the late Yigal
Allon was Israel's Foreign
Minister in 1966, he first
warned of the danger to Is-
rael from the nuclear plant
being built in Iraq. The
envoy said that since then,
Israel had talked to France,
which built the plant, Italy,
which supplied it, and the

Journalist Honored

By GERALD GREEN

(Copyright 1981, JTA, Inc.)

(Editor's note: The fol-
lowing are excerpts of
remarks of author Gerald
Green at the recent Joint
Distribution Committee
semi-annual meeting
honoring Boris Smolar,
editor-in-chief emeritus
of the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency).
It is fitting that the JDC
pays tribute to a man who
has so long honored his
commitment as journalist,
essayist, political analyst,
historian and eyewitness to
so much of recent history.
Let me say, that as a former
journalist, I'm deeply -hon-
ored to join in the tribute to
him.
Over the years, all of us
have read Boris Smolar's
dispatches and articles, and
we are fully cognizant of his
enormous contributions to a
world-wide understanding
of Jewish problems, Jewish
affairs, and the intense,
complex, and so often, the
terribly tragic turns of
Jewish history in modern
times.
::lay I say a few words
about the JDC, since I find it
an especially happy mar-
riage of organization and
individual — the Joint,
which is an organization
that believes in doing, act-
ing, helping. And Mr. Smo-
lar, whose dedication to
truth and the dissemination
of vital information and the
interpretation of important
events, has been of the same
practical, logical and vital
order . . .
It is much to my regret

that I never knew Boris
Smolar personally, al-
though I was a working
journalist for many
years, and his name was
well known to me. Let me
tell two stories about him.
My friend Gerold Frank,
the distinguished biog-
rapher, historian and
journalist, worked for
Mr. Smolar for many
years — as did the
novelist Meyer Levin.
Vhen I was asked to par-
icipate in these cere-
monies, I agreed, and I
immediately called Jerry
Frank.
"Boris Smolar?" Gerold
asked. "He was my boss for
years. And what a man. He
knew everything there was
to know about reporting,

editing, writing. He taught
me how to cover a story, how
to find sources, how to beat
the competition." Gerry
Frank patised. "What else
can I tell you about Boris
Smolar? I'll sum it up in one
short sentence. He was a
one-man Associated Press."

BORIS SMOLAR

Another story. Many
years ago — in 1947 to be
exact — I was a callow cable
editor at the now-defunct
International News Service
of the Hearst Organization.
One day I was sent out to the
United Nations to assist our
UN bureau chief, Pierre J.
Huss, in covering the Gen-
eral Assembly debate on the
forthcoming vote on the
partition of Palestine. It
was, I seem to recall, mid-
November of 1947. The vote
came on Nov. 29th, you'll
recall.
I sat with Pete Huss in the
press gallery, and my atten-
tion was drawn to an
energetic stocky man in the
front row, frantically send-
ing out brief scrawled cables
to a runner, obviously for
immediate dispatch. All the
other reporters seemed to
lounge about, or wait, or
take their time. Not so this
one correspondent, who
kept a steady stream of ca-
bles flying from his desk.
This will sound as if I made
it up, but I swear to you, I
even could read his name,
scrawled in large block let-
ters at the bottom of each
cable — SMOLAR.

I asked Pete Huss who
this dynamo of journalis-
tic energy was, and Pete
said: "That's Boris Smo-
lar of the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency. He
knows more about the
Middle East than the rest
of us put together." And I
said, "Oh, I'd like to meet
him. Maybe when the de-
bate is over?"
And Pete replied: "You'll
have to wait your turn,
Jerry. I always grab him to
find out what it all really
means. And after me, UP,
AP, and Reuters line up for
a briefing."
So, Mr. Smolar, it's an

honor, a privilege and a
pleasure to meet you today,
and join in this well-
deserved tribute.
Truly, you have been a
witness and a teacher, in
the most noble and creative
sense. Not only as Jews, but
as citizens, members of the
American community, we
thank you, and we honor
you.

United States.
"We talked about it, we
warned about it, we pleaded
about it with three
Secretaries of State," Cyrus
Vance, Edmund Muskie
and Alexander Haig, Evron
said.

Evron told the Reform
leaders that only last
March, Haig expressed

"concern" over the possibil-
ity of nuclear weapons in
the hands of such countries
as Iraq.

Evron said Israel's dip-
lomatic efforts continued

but, after Francois Mit-
terand was elected
president of France last
month, the Mitterand
government stressed it

* *

Levin Defends Israel Strike
on Iraq to Senate Assembly

In a statement delivered
to the Senate Wednesday,
Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.)
strongly defended Israel's
air attack on the Iraqi nu-
clear reactor last week.
Levin stated in part:
"As time reduces the
passions which still flame
too brightly now, I believe
that America will come to
realize that Israel acted
reasonably in preventing
that reactor from coining on
line. Additionally, the pas-
sage of time will also allow
us to see even more clearly
how great a threat a nuclear
Iraq would be to Israel and
to American interests in the
Middle East."
In his address, Levin
said that Iraqi hatred for
Israel and its avowed
plan to destroy the
Jewish state gave Israel
cause to destroy the reac-
tor, which Israel saw as a
threat to its existence.
Levin added that "Iraq,
however, takes the position
that her participation in
non-proliferation inspec-
tion agreements, and the
finding of the International
Atomic Energy Agency that
no diversion of fuel has yet
occurred, absolves her ac-
tions of any threatening
implications . . . We have
to recognize that nothing
bound Iraq to continue to
participate in the non-
proliferation agreement.
She had the ability to pull
out of even the modest pro-
tection that agreement pro-
vides at any time that
suited her interests.
"We cannot say what Iraq
might or might not have
done. But that is precisely
the motive behind the
raeli attack. By the time
that Israel confirmed Iraq's
diversion of nuclear mate-
rials, it would have been too
late. No strike against the
reactor would have been
possible once it was opera-
tional."
On the question of self-
defense, Levin explained Is-
rael's action thus:
"Israel did not act in a
theoretical world with a

May Head INS

WASHINGTON — The
Justice Department has
recommended that
President Reagan appoint
Miami Beach businessman
Norman Braman to head
the Immigration and
Naturalization Service.
Braman was a Reagan
campaign fundraiser and is
the son of Jewish immig-
rants from Eastern Europe.

goal of enunciating a new
policy. Israel acted in a
real world with the goal
of protecting their legiti-
mate national security
interests. Her action, and
any precedent it sets,
must be understood in
that context."

11

_ friday:, hin'e_19' 1981

INSTANT

was keeping the com-
mitments . of former
President Valery Giscard
d'Estaing, including
building the reactor in
Iraq.
"It is really astonishing
that we now have to prove
that we acted in self-
defense," the Israeli ambas-
sador said.

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In the wake of proposed
military aid cuts to Israel as
a result of the strike, Levin
remarked:
"I do- not believe that the
United States would be
warranted in cutting off
military aid to Israel. Such
a cut off would be in direct
conflict with America's
strategic interests in the
region and as a result, not
something we would be re-
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"Similarly, I do not be-
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suspension of scheduled de-
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