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January 09, 1981 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1981-01-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Ransoming
the Captives:
Experiences
by World Jewry
Reject Anything
Approaching
Blackmail

THE JEWISH NEWS

A Weekly Review

Commentary, Page 2

of Jewish Events

A Call to the
Jewish Youth:
Criticize, But
Under All
Circumstances
Be Identified

Editorial, Page 4

Copyright Co) The Jewish News Publishing Co.

VOL. LXXVIII, No. 19

17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield Mich. 48075

,

424-8833

$15 Per Year: This Issue 35`

January 9, 1981

Levin Urges. President-Elect
o Pursue Strong M.E. Role

Joseph Trumpledor:
Centennial of a Hero

By JAMES LEWIN

World Zionist Press Service

JERUSALEM — Be-
cause he was a Jew in
Czarist Russia, Joseph
Trumpledor was refused
admission to any institu-
tion of secondary or higher
education in the country.
So he studied dentistry. In
1902, he was drafted at the
age of 22 into the army of
the czar. He volunteered
for the 27th Eastern Sibe-
rian regiment and was
sent to Port Arthur.
In savage battles of the
Russo-Japanese war, he
JOSEPH TRUMPLEDOR
displayed outstanding
courage and exceptional bravery. Despite losing his left
arm, he requested to be returned to combat, writing to the
military commander, "I have only one remaining hand, but
it is my right hand, and therefore since I wish to share the
life of my brothers-in-arms as before, I request your Excel-
lency to take steps to ensure that I receive a sword and a
pistol."
As a non-commissioned officer he was taken
prisoner-of-war by the Japenese; on returning to
Russia after the conflict, he received all four degrees
of the Cross of St. George and became the first Jewish
commissioned officer in the Czarist army.

Yet he firmly rejected the Russian military career
which was offered to him and became preoccupied with
social and political problems. He dedicated himself to the
establishment of a Jewish community in Palestine, based
on truth and justice. Influenced by the idea of collective
communes as described by Tolstoy, he decided to commit
himself to help develop Jewish agricultural communities,

Senator Carl Levin, following his recent two-week visit to the Middle East,
has written a 20-page letter elaborating on the Middle East conditions as they
affect the United States, and has strongly urged President-elect Ronald Reagan
to adhere to and to pursue the aims for peace begun at Camp David two years ago
and to strengthen U.S. involvement in the process.
In the lengthy letter of several thousand words, the Michigan Senator
proposed to the President-elect a three-point program of action that is vital to
the times and the peace of the world.
He asked Reagan to become deeply involved in the Middle East peace
process because "American leadership is an essential ingredient if a peace
settlement is to be achieved"; that "American security assistance programs in
the Middle East need to be enhanced in. ways that do not upset the military
balance between Israel and her Arab neighbors"; that American commitments
should be renewed to defend our vital interests in the Persian Gulf by whatever
C ARL LEVIN
means necessary."
Upon providing a thorough account of the issues involved in the Middle East peace ap-
proaches, Senator Levin makes this tellingstatement in his letter to Mr. Reagan:
"Camp David was an extraordinary feat, despite its failure so far to untie the Palestinian knot.
Recognizing that fact will keep hopes alive. Equally important, it helps keep in focus what is achievable. If
we expect more than Camp Daivd in any one step, we are expecting too much. Programs to better organize,
train, equip, and make ready the rapid deployment force should receive high priority. Military construc-
tion to improve the utility of Diego Garcia and facilities in Oman, Somalia and Kenya — to which we have
been granted access — should proceed with the urgency required.
Senator Levin's proposals are based on his findings during his semi-official visit in Middle East
countries as a member of the U.S. Senate Armed
Services Committee, during which he conferred
with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Israel
Prime Minister Menahem Begin and Jordanian
King Hussein.
Senator Levin alludes in his letter to the ap-
ROME (JTA) — Hilarion Capucci, the former Pat-
proaching national elections in Israel as an im-
riarch of the Eastern Orthodox (Greek Catholic) Church in
East Jerusalem and the West Bank who served a term in an
pact on the situation derived from the contest
Israeli jail for smuggling weapons to Palestinian terrorists,
between PrimeMinister Begin's Likud Party
was the main architect of the European Economic Commu-
and the Labor forces headed by Shimon Peres.'
nity's (EEC) "peace formula" for Jerusalem, according to
Of special interest, in view of Egyptian
the Italian weekly, "Panorama." Capucci, a member of
President Sadat's rejection of proposals to
the Palestine Liberation Organization's National Council,
invite Jordan's King HuSsein into the peace
was recruited for the task by Msgr. Agostino Casaroli, the
deliberations and Dr. Henry Kissinger's as-
Vatican "Foreign Minister," who headed the team that
sertion on Tuesday, upon his completion of
drafted the EEC's Jerusalem proposals, Panorama said.
his three-day conferences in Israel, that he
They comprise one of the four chapters in the 30-page peace
now places lesser stress on the Jordanian
plan for the Middle East incorporated in the EEC heads of

Gunrunning. Priest
Wrote EEC Initiative

(Continued on Page 6)

(Continued on Page 46)

(Continued on Page 7)

Super Sunday Solicitation Refusniks Remember Kishinev Pogrom
Starts $19,150,000 Drive
GI

Setting Super Sunday, to be activated for telephone solicitation of
12,000 potential contributors on Jan. 18, as official opening day for the
1981 Allied Jewish Campaign, the Jewish Welfare Federation. under
whose supervision the Campaign is conducted, set a target of $19,150,000
as a minimum goal for the year. This does not include the Project Renewal
income which nets additional millions to support the activities for the
underprivileged in Israel.
Federation President George M. Zeltzer said the $19,150,000 figure
s arrived at in line with nationwide findings by the 1981 Campaign
r lanning Task Force of the Council of Jewish Federations and United
Jewish Appeal, chaired by Detroiter Martin E. Citrin.
A Federation - Campaign policy committee, under the leader-
ship of past Campaign General Chairmen David Handleman and
Irving R. Seligman, carefully studied the needs faced by local,
national and overseas agencies and urged total community mobili-
zation toward "capacity giving."
As part of a national billion-dollar campaign through more than 200
federations and the United Jewish Appeal, Detroit's fund-raising efforts
will be directed toward a goal of at least $25 million by 1985. In 1980, from
22,000 contributors, the Campaign achieved an estimated $17,650,000,
plus $1,140,000 as the 1980 share of Project Renewal.
(Continued on Page 12)

a

Denied a memorial to commemorate the Nazi Holocaust, Kishinev refusniks defiantly
gather at the mass grave of the victims of the notorious 1903 Kishinev pogrom, in a photo
obtained by the Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry. In the city today, Jews seeking emigration
must wait up to six months merely to get visa application forms, then exit is routinely denied.

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