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December 26, 1980 - Image 36

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-12-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

4111111111111141111100•11111111111•MIMININIIMINAMTMg

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552-0323 -

I

The Jewish Population of France

NEW YORK (ZINS) —
There is general agreement
that the Jewish community
of France is the fourth
largest in the world (after
the United States, Israel
and the Soviet Union), but
estimages of just how large
it is vary.
Extrapolating from a sci-
entifically determined
sample, SOFRES, the
French public opinion
analysts, calculated the
number of Jews in France at

I I.

1 I 11 11 I I

I IIII i I II I I I I 1 I I

The Manufacturers and Distributors of

Farm

Maid

7r#

extend to the entire Jewish Community
Best wishes to all for a
APPY AND PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR, 198

filled with Good Health and Joy from
our Children and Grandchildren!

Greet the New Year with the best in
Kosher Dairy Foods:

700,000 in 1977, with a 10
percent margin of error.
At the end of World War
II, there were about 180,000
Jews left in France, consist-
ing of established Jewish
families and immigrants
from Central and Eastern
Europe and Mediterranean
countries. By 1951 the
number had increased to
250,000, as many displaced
persons settled in France.
Apart from the natural
increase, the growth in
size since then has been
almost entirely the result
of immigration from
North Africa (Tunisia,
1956; Morocco, 1956;
Algeria, 1962). App -rox-
imately 50 percent of the
Jews who fled North
America settled in
France and today they
consitute the majority of
the French Jewish com-
munity.
Among the results of this
infusion of blood into
French Jewry is the
strengening of Jewish reli-
gious commitment and ob-
servance. In those areas
where North African Jews
have concentrated, there
has, been a proliferation of
synagogues, talmud torahs,
kosher butchers and restau-
rants.
Secularism in French
Jewry is widespread, how-
ever. According to a
sociological survey by Ser-
gio della Pergola and Doris
Bensimon of 100 Jews
interviewed in Paris, in
1974, 41 percent gave their
Jewish identity a religious
significance; 30 percent said





By RABBI SAMUEL FOX

(Copyright 1980,. JTA, Inc.)

made fresh daily in Detroit, under super-
vision of Metropolitan Kashruth Council,
Rabbi Jack Goldman, Administrator

es, I I II I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I II I I I 1 I I I

I I 11

val

It is customary to have
someone raise the Torah
after it has been read in the
synagogue and then have
someone else roll it to-
gether.

SHABOT
SHALOM

By DR. MARTIN ROBBINS "From One Life to Another"
they were without religion;
Editor of Poems of Our People
(reprinted by permission of
(Copyright 1980, JTA, Inc.)
24 percent defined their
the University of
Shirley Kaufman's poem
Jewish identify in terms of
Pittsburgh Press).
historical tradition and appears in her third book,
family; six percent did not
Thinking About the Future of Jerusa er
answer.
An investigation by the
By SHIRLEY KAUFMAN
central religious body, Con-- There is a black thread
sistoire Central Israelite de
winding around my legs
France, into synagogue
as on a spool strong as the thread
attendance on Yom Kippur
that's used to sew on gold buttons.
in 1976 showed it to be
I can't break it off with my teeth.
about 100,000 for all reg-
ular and improvised places
That's what I get
of worship in the Paris area.
for walking around in this city
The size of the Paris
with its excess of wars„
Jewish community has
and walls that go down deeper
been variously estimated
than we can uncover.
from 250,000 to approx-
imately 375,000. The sec-
I'm like a child
ond largest Jewish com-
who lives only with adults.
munity in France is that
They take her everywhere
of Marseilles (70,000).
in grown-up company
Lyon, Nice and Toulouse
where she has to behave
have Jewish population
when all the time
over 20,000.
she wants to be singing
According to Della Per-
to herself or chasing
lizards running in and out
gola and Bensimon, 21 per-
cent of those polled in Paris
of the tall grass.
could speak Hebrew, 37 per-
cent could read it. Some 48 I have never seen a rock crumble
under the weight of history
percent said they were in
touch with a Jewish organ-
or a life crumble
under the weight of fear.
ization; 95 percent said they
were interested in the prob-
And if I can only get
my legs untied I'll stand
lems of the Middle East; 54
in lines with all the people
percent have visited it.
who eat too much at buffet tables
Some 57 percent reg-
and keep filling filling
ularly or occasionally read a
their plates with more.
Jewish book or newspaper
or magazine.
The two sociologists
comment: "The existence of
the state of Israel and politi-
By CHARLES LUKACS
cal developments related to
Our fathers left no marks
it represent the central and
carved on high soaring cliffs
determining element in the
No big stones hewn
Jewish identity of Parisian
built in pyramids –
Jews."
Crumbling collosseums
with gore in dust,
can hail Caesar's name
No, — Our fathers left no such fame.
The practice is mentioned
in Talmudic literature Some say: They were just base
it
(Maseket Sofrim 14:7). The shepherds — no skill to their claim!
reason given there is that Small monument: Two Tablets cut
this practice enables all of from ancient basalt rock
the people in the congrega- with a message
tion to be confronted face to written in a burning desert
face with the words of Scrip- will tell us ever .. .
ture. The Bible attributes They were here!
such an action to Ezra the
scribe when it writes that he
"revealed the Book in the
presence of all the people.
The impression is that the
By LEO SCHNEIDERMAN
reading of the Torah in the Could Adam and Eve
synagogue is not a private Have resisted temptation?
matter but rather a public From the start
communal matter. In this The odds were against them
way no Jew is excluded from Let us review the situation —
being related to the Holy A naked man and woman
Scriptures.
Alone together
It is in this regard that In a tropical garden
the words of the Talmud Under a forbidden fruit-tree
are so revelant when they With only Satan
say that the one who rolls To keep them company.
the Torah together re- There could have been
ceives more reward than Only one outcome.
any of those who read the
Sabbath Torah Reading Ritual
Torah on that day or who
were called to pronounce
culminated by the Sabbr
By RABBI SAMUEL FOX
benedictions over the To-
(Copyright, 1980, JTA, Inc.)
Others claim that ,
rah.
Seven people are called number seven represents 1\
The implication is that he
the seven times which the
who rolls the Torah and he up to-the Torah to make the term "voice of God" is men-
benedictions
during
the
who raises it and displays it
tioned in the 29th Psalm.
to the view of the entire reading of the Torah on the
Still others claim_that the
Sabbath.
congregation has not only
number seven is used so
The
seven
people
are
the
involved himself but the
that those who may not
whole congregation in the ones who are called up dur- have heard the benedica-
ing
the
n'ading
from
the
relationship to the Holy
Pentateuch. This is the tions of those who were
Scriptures.
basic reading which is in called up to the Torah dur-
turn followed by the reading ing the week (six) will hear
it on the Sabbath plus an
Remember that what you from the Prophets.
believe will depend very
Some claim that the extra set of benedictions for
much upon what you are.
seven represent the seven the seventh person who is
—Noah Porter days of the week which are called up.

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

36 Friday, December 26, 1980

'SINGLE?
THE DETROIT AREA'S

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158

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