THE JEWISH NEWS
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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Associate News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 28th day ofKisleu, 5741, is the fourth day of Hanuka and the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Genesis 41:1-44:17, Numbers 7:30-41. Prophetical portion, Zechriah 2:14-4:7.
Hanuka Scriptural Selections
Sunday (fifth day, 7:36-47; Monday, Rosh Hodesh Teuet, Numbers 28:1-15, 7:42-47;
Tuesday, Rosh Hodesh, Numbers 28:1-15, 7:48-53; Wednesday, Numbers 7:54-8:4.
Candle lighting, Friday, Dec. 5, 4:43 p.m.
VOL. LXXVIII, No. 14
Friday, Dec. 5. 1980
A change in Israel's government leadership
in less than a year now appears inevitable. The
ruling party is united mainly by the desire of the
slim majority to remain in power. The division
in Labor ranks may soon be healed. The eco-
nomic pressures are causing havoc. Delays in
reaching an accord with Egypt are contributing
to whatever discord may be an element in the
critical views of Israel abroad.
In the long run, under the trying circum-
stances affecting Israel as a sovereign country
always under attack by her neighbors and con-
stantly challenged by the Western world, the
relationship of Israel with the Diaspora, the ties
between Israelis and Jews in democratic coun-
tries, primarily the United States, become espe-
cially vital in this era of tension.
However the approaching political controver-
sies may end, regardless of the changes that are
certain to be effected as a result of the forthcom-
ing election, the Israel-Diaspora ties are so
necessary that neither the Israelis nor Jewish
leadership throughout the world dare ignore
Two obstacles are frequently in evidence in
the concerns of world Jewry for Israel's welfare.
Whenever dangers emerge, especially those
generated in the United Nations, there is al-
ways an element that panics. Whenever the
PLO gains notoriety in the press or in govern-
ment circles, there are the negations that stem
from the misinformed or uninformed who are
ready to make concessions to Israel's enemies.
This is a matter for serious concern and it needs
the ablest in the areas of public relations to stem
the tide of ignorance that affects Israel's status.
Perhaps this accounts for the ultra-critical
element who ignore the negotiable but insist on
mobilizing forces to condemn Israel. It could be
the result of a hatred for the present ruling
powers in Israel. Regardless, at a time when
criticism is necessary and should be
encouraged, it is the submission to the destruct-
ive factors that is deplorable.
Perhaps the Israel government has a large
share of blame for such conditions. A more effec-
tive public relations policy could obviate such
The damaging and threatening developments
must be watched from both areas and the
menacing propaganda infiltrating in the news
media and in government circles must be fought
at all costs. On this score joint effort is urgent.
Another most important aspect in Israel-
Diaspora relations is the repetitive proposal
that representatives of American and other
Jewries should have a greater role in supervis-
ing activities towards which Diaspora Jewry
makes monetary contributions. This is a de-
mand that could be fraught with obstructions
for Israelis supervi ising the agencies under con-
sideration. Nevertheless, the proposals are
valid in many instances. In supervision of Proj-
ect Renewal, in administering work for the el-
derly in Joint Distribution Committee homes,
qualified assistance should be welcomed.
In his important policy speech in Detroit, Is-
rael Prime Minister Menahem Begin highly
commended Project Renewal objectives, and the
United Israel Appeal executives endorsed it at
their meeting here. But in Israel there are criti-
cisms, and if these are to be either avoided or
corrected it is important that an American
presence should be felt in the matter in Israel.
The response to Project Renewal continues to
be heartening, and the objective must be fool-
proof. Therefore- the need for an American role
in this respect.
Israel-Diaspora relations need strengthening
and protecting. This applies to the social-
economic and philanthropic and to public rela-
tions. They are matters of grave concern and
should be treated in all seriousness.
POLITICS AND RELIGION
Religiously politicized elements, enthused by
the notoriety they attained during the
Presidential election, are pursuing policies
which, they maintain, will give them power
over many public fuffetions.
Their activities are feared by many as
threatening and a challenge to a basic Ameri-
can ideal, the Separation of-Church and State.
Encouraging, and encouraged by, the new
campaign for mass circulation of the Bible in
public schools, the issue over the escalating
religious crusade is growing.
As matters stand now, the highest court in
the land does not condone tampering with the
Separation principle. Changes are due in the
Supreme Court during the next administration,
and the kindnesses that were bestowed during
the recent election campaign upon Ronald and
Nancy Reagan by the groups favoring religious
studies in the schools may well augur
favoritism in highest quarters for tolerance to
those advocating endorsement of prayers in
The concern expressed by those holding firm
to the Separation practices is encouragement \
that vigilance in that direction will not be
It is not even so certain that President-elect
Reagan, although he followed a natural trend of
accepting the votes of those threatening the
Separation ideal, will, in practice as the man in
power, give comfort to a change in a basic
Meanwhile there are those who, like former
Michigan Governor George Romney, maintain
that there was always religious focus in this
country. While asserting this, the very devout
former Michigan chief of state nevertheless
does not favor abandoning Separation. This
may well be an approving of religious fervor
while protecting it through Separation adher-
ence. In such a status, the fears for the
politicized religionists may be exaggerated.
Peter Hellman Volume
Yad Vashem's Avenue
of Righteous Honors Heroes
In the aftermath of the bloodbath, of the mass murder of Jews and
Christians, of the Holocaust engineered and operated by the Nazis,
many important facts were revealed. They are not to be ignored. They
included evidence of Jewish resistance to the outrages. There also is
being recorded the heroism of Christians who are now rated as the
Righteous. - ---
Yad Vashem, where all the facts about the Holocaust are being
recorded, has the record of the heroes in both categories.
Righteous Christians surely are among the heroes. They risked
their own lives and those of their families to rescue Jews, to protect
those whose daring is now being recorded.
In tribute to these heroes, the Avenue of the Righteous has been
established and trees have been planted in honor of those whose deeds
are now in the record.
More than 700 trees have already been planted in the Avenue of
the Righteous and the stories of a number of deeply moving accounts
of the heroism of Christians is told in the book .by that name, "Avenue
of the Righteous" (Atheneum), in which Peter Hellman has recorded
the result of his research on the subject.
Hellman traveled to Israel, Holland, Belgium, France, Poland,
Canada, Italy, England, and has found subjects for his work in this
There is a tree in the Avenue of the Righteous for a Hamtramck
Polish woman who rescued Jews at the risk of the lives of her own
In his four years research, Hellman uncovered data which
showed' that in the process of rescuing there was mainly unselfish-
ness, a desire to prevent the Nazis from getting hold of the intended
Hellman relates as examples:
"To prevent a three-year-old boy from being recognized as a Jew
by the Nazis, the chic, independent mistress of a prominent Bel -
physician adopted him as her nephew and moved to a small
where neither of them were known. In Holland a woman took into ner
house as her 'cousin' a young girl, the first Jew she had ever seen. The
French mayor/shopkeeper in a town just south of the Vichy line issued
false identity cards to hundreds of Jews, and personally smuggled
them across the border into the Free Zone, refusing payment of any
sort. An abandoned 18-month-old girl was rescued by an im-
poverished Polish worker who raised her as her own daughter with
Hellman renders an additional service in his book by defining the
importance of Yad Vashem, its museum, the synagogue, the Hall of
Remembrance. Described also are the 22 largest concentration camps
and the Nazis' killing centers.
The author points out that recorded here are 2,000,000 names of
the victims of Hitlerism and the list "still grows."
Thus research continues to expose the horrors and the Nazis
crimes, as Hellman indicates in his deeply moving and descriptive
work about heroes of another faith who rescued Jews.
Hellman was born in Washington, D.C. in 1943 and received his
BA degree from Duke University in 1964. He spent 21/2 years at sea as
a naval officer and since that time he has been a freelance writer.