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October 24, 1980 - Image 69

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-10-24

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Friday, October 24, 1980 69

Senate Report Criticizes Carter Administration as Shortsighted
in Attitude Toward Israel as a Strategic Middle East Ally

A 7,500-word report to the
Senate Foreign Relations
Committee on U.S.-Israeli
relations, prepared by its
Middle East staff spe-
cialists, questions President
Carter's statement that a
"reassessment" of relations
between the two countries is
not and will not take place
in his administration and
sed "the need" by the
L . _. "to understand and ad-
dress Israel's security and
economic problems."
The report was prepared
by staff members Barry
Scholchet and Graeme
Bannerman following their
July visit to Israel and Was
presented to the committee
on Oct. 15 by Senator
Richard Stone (D-Fla. ),
chairman of its subcommit-
tee on Near Eastern and
South Asian affairs.
It is expected that hear-
ings on Middle East issues
will be held by Stone when
Congress returns from its
Presidential election reces's
to conclude this session's


was asked by the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency about
Vice President Walter
Mondale's statement
Saturday to the Zionist
Organization of America.


"This report," Stone
wrote the full committee,
"raises a number of seri-
ous questions regarding
the Administration's
handling of Israel's secu-
rity and economic prob-
lems and makes specific
recommendations re-
garding ways in which
this committee can ad-
dress these problems."

In an interview following
the .report's release, Stone

President Carter appealed
to Jewish leaders in New
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The President made his
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appeal at a meeting with
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sured, fast service.
lar leaders from throughout
the metropolitan New York
GEM Heating & Air Cond.
area in the Sheraton Centre
Theodore Mann, former
chairman of the Conference
Repairs & Alterations
of Presidents of Major
American Jewish Organ-
izations, read a statement of
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support for Carter on behalf
of the Jewish leaders.
Carter reiterated his
commitment to Israel's
security and well-being
and vowed, to the
Plaster — Drywall
applause of the audience,
"I am not going to change
Repairs — Remodel
my policy (toward Israel)
after the election, except
to renew my efforts ..."
He declared, "I will never
recognize nor negotiate
Several styles of hand let- with the PLO until after
tering for special occa- they recognize Israel's right
to exist and recognize UN
242 as the basis
for the resolution of the dif-
ferences in the Middle East.
"I do not favor a PLO state
in the West Bank of Israel. I
think it would be a danger-
ous thing and I have told




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Committee specialists
felt Israel could make its
own tanks. Their report
showed that U.S.-Israel co-
production of an advanced
"Morkava tank" allows Is-
rael to produce it at a sav-
ings of $400,000 per tank
and the project "has substi-
tuted for the otherwise
needed purchase of approx-
imately 100 M-60 tanks." It
added, "This- program is a
good 'example of providing
funds for Israel to produce
its own products while it
purchases substantial

quantities of materials in
the United States. This
tank project is in need of
further funding."
Commenting on the re-
port, Stone said, "Present
U.S. policy toward Israel
and the Middle East is
shortsighted. It is helping to
accelerate the Middle East
arms race and to endanger
efforts to convince Israel to
take the additional risks
that will be necessary to
reach agreement on the
peaceful future of the West
Bank and Gaza Strip."

"Undermining Israeli
confidence in the U.S. as a
long-term ally is not the
way to successful peace
negotiations," he said. "Yet,
Israel's doubts and in-
securities have been
heightened by the U.S. in
many ways."
Noting "Israel is an im-
portant strategic asset to
our country," he said the
Administration has been
increasing sophisticated

weaponry to Saudi
Arabia and coordinating
joint military exercises
with Egypt which it also
is supplying with major
weapons while
downgrading Israel's
strategic importance.
"The quarterly strategic
military talks between the
U.S. and Israel were sus-
pended recently by our Ad-
ministration and Israel is
being left out of U.S.
strategic planning for the
Middle East despite Israel's
considerable expertise
which could be very valu-
able for us," Stone said.
"We are giving and sell-
ing military weapons to
countries that refuse to join
the peace process," Stone
added. "And by rewarding
Jordan, Saudi Arabia and
others for refusing to talk
peace, we are penalizing Is-
rael for the major conces-
sions it made in the Camp
David agreement. This
makes no sense since peace
is our goal."

Carter, Reagan Aides Woo NY Jewish Voters


Lecture & Participation

Pointing out that Israel's
strength is being increased
by U.S. aid, Mondale said
the reason that they (Israel)
will have "substantially
more than 1,000 of our best
M-60 tanks the reason our
Joint Chiefs of Staff . . .
and our Under Secretary of
Defense just went to Israel
to work with her leaders is
that the President sent
them on these missions and
made these decisions."
However, neither Stone
nor the committee staff had
information on the 1,000
tanks nor could information
on their delivery be ob-
tained from Administration
"I've never heard
about these 1,000 tanks,"
said Stone through
whose subcommittee the

Administration would
start seeking Congres-
sional authorization for
delivery. "But even if
they were to be provided,
how is payment to be
made?" Stone asked. "Is-
rael is out of money. If the
Administration had not
escalated the arms race
in the Middle East to the
disadvantage of Israel
this situation would not
have arisen."

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this not only to Prime
Minister Begin, not only to
President Sadat, but to the
leaders of the other Arab
nations as well, including
Syria, including Lebanon,
including Saudi Arabia.
They know exactly where I
The President also said
that his policy toward Ik-ael
is based on what is best "for
the security and the
strategic interest of the na-
tion that I lead, the United
States of America." He
added, "We will continue
the quiet diplomatic, mili-
tary consultations that
have been going on, even re-
cently, between our nation
and Israel, searching for
common ground to ensure
that our mutual strategic
interest in preserving a
strong and secure and
peaceful Israel and peace in
the Mideast are carried
The President came to
the reception accom-
panied by Senator Ed-
ward Kennedy (D-Mass.)
During the reception,
about 40 young men and
women demonstrated out-
side the Sheraton Centre,
protesting Carter's Mideast
policy and his treatment of
Israel. Some of the demon-
strators identified, them-
selves as members of the
Jewish Defense League
while others said they were
students concerned for Is-
rael's future.
* * *

Reagan Aides
Campaign in NY

Top aides to Republican
Presidential candidate
Ronald Reagan told a
Jewish audience Tuesday
night they could be certain
Reagan would keep his
campaign promises on Is-
rael based on the former
California governor's "re-
cord" and his "principled"
position on Taiwan.
One of them, Edwin

Messe, Reagan's chief of
staff, also said that anyone
appointed by Reagan, espe-
cially in the foreign policy
field, will have to be "identi-
cally aligned with the gov-
ernor's position, particu-
larly as regards Israel."
Messe was responding to
a question on whether
former Texas Gov. John
Connally and others with
close ties to Saudi Arabia
and other Arab countries
would be appointed to high
positions by Reagan. Messe
said that Reagan is not con-
sidering potential appoint-
ments until after the Nov. 4
Messe, Richard Allen,
Reagan's top foreign pol-
ciy adviser; Alan
Greenspan, his top eco-
nomic adviser; and
Raymond Tanter from
the University of Michi-
gan, another foreign
policy adviser, answered
questions for 90 minutes
at a meeting in the St.
Regis Hotel.
The assurances on
Reagan's position came
when a questioner pointed
out that the Jewish com-
munity hears promises on
Israel every four years only
to see them broken after the
election. Messe said that
Reagan's support of Israel
goes back long before he
ever considered entering
Reagan's "principled de-
fense" of Tawain, despite
strong pressure on him to
abandon that position, is
proof that he will stand by
the friends of the United
States, including Israel.
Allen said that Reagan
supports the Camp David
framework based on United
Nations Security Council
Resolutions 242 and 338. He
said any expansion of the /
fremework must come
through the desires of the
parties involved and not


U.S. pressure. Allen added
that a Reagan administra-
tion would "probably not"
seek to bring the UN into
Mideast negotiations and
would "probably categori-
cally not seek to involve
the Soviet Union in the
On Jerusalem, Messe
said that Reagan believes
Jerusalem must remain
undivided with "Israeli
sovereignty over
Jerusalem." He said the
designation of where a
country's capital should
be, and thus where em-
bassies should be lo-
cated, is a matter for a
sovereign state.
Messe said that a Reagan
Administration would take
the lead in fighting ter-
rorism throughout the
world and would not hesi-
tate in branding the Pales-
tine Liberation Organiza-
tion as "outlaws."
Allen said that in any
arms sales to Saudi Arabia
and other Arab countries by
a Reagan Administration
there would first have to be
assurances that it would not
damage the balance of arms
power against Israel. He
said the first test will be Is-
rael's ability to defend it-
When the question of the
far-right fundamentalist
groups which support Re-
agan was raised, Messe re-
plied that Reagan has
"made it clear" that groups
like Moral Majority who
support him must accept his
views and not he accept
He said Reagan be-
lieves in the separation of
church and state and that
no religious group will be
able to impose its beliefs
or doctrine on a Reagan
government. Allen also
said Reagan beliei7es in
tuition tax credits for
parents who sent their
children to private

parochial schools, as a
way of protecting their
right to send children to
the school of their choice.
Several major supporters
of the Republican candi-
date, including Max Fisher
of Detroit were at the meet-

Pope to Meet
With W. German
Jewish Leaders

BONN (JTA) — Repre-
sentatives of the Jewish
community of West Ger-
many will be received by
Pope John Paul II when he
visits the Federal Republic
next month. According to an
official program released in
Cologne, the meeting will
take place in the city of As-
nabrueck .
The Pope is scheduled to
visit several West German
cities and for one or two
days will be the guest of the
government in Bonn where
he will probably meet with
Chancellor Helmut
There was no immediate
comment by Jewish com-
munity leaders on the ex-
pected meeting between the
pontiff and Jewish repre-
sentatives. However, young
Jewish activists have ex-
pressed the wish that the
Jewish delegation would
discuss with the Pope the
role of the Catholic church 0
during the Nazi era. Other
issues expected to be dis-
cussed include the relations
between Christians and

Story-telling is subject to
two unavoidable defects:
frequent repetition and
being soon exhausted; so
that whoever values this
gift in himself, has need of a
good memory, and ought
frequently to shift his com-
— Swift

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