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October 24, 1980 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-10-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

ZOA Calls Upon U.S. Jewry to Mobilize for Action
Against Threats to Israel; Michigan Region Planned

Report on Zionist Organization Convention, Held Last Weekend in Washington, on Page 14

The Presidential
Campaign and
the Fear Over
Effects on the
High Court

THE JEWISH NEWS

VOL LXXVIII, No. 8

of Jetuish Events

A WeekIN Review

Commentary, Page 2

- 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075

424-8833

Xenophobia,
Renewed Anti-Semitic
Occurrences
Under Scrutiny

Begin and
Israel's Dignity

Editorials, Page 4

$15 Per Year: This_ Issue 35c

October 24, 1980

Major World Demonstrations
Protest Rise of Anti-Semitism

The Star of David:
Symbol of Centuries

A Magen David on a house near the Turkish baths
in Jerusalem is believed to date from the days Of the
Turkish rule.

By J.A. LEWIN
World Zionist Press Service

JERUSALEM — The six-pointed Star of David, also
known as the Seal of Solomon, is not, contrary to popular
belief, of exclusively Jewish origin, nor has it been widely
used in Jewish tradition before the latter part of the 19th
Century. Either as an ornament or as a magical sign, ac-
cording to leading Jewish scholar Gershom Sholein, the
hexagram has been known to mankind since the Bronze
Age, in many cultures and areas, from Mesopotamia to
Britain. Examples dating back to the Iron Age have been
found in India.
The oldest verified Jewish star was found on a seal
from the Seventh Century BCE. However, in the period of
the Second Temple, the figure was used by Jew and non-
Jew alike while during the Hellenistic period, it does not
appear at all.
.(Continued on Page 12)

More than 100,000 people marched here Monday to protest against neo-Nazism
BRUSSELS (JTA)
and renewed anti-Semitism. The demonstration, described as the largest held in Brussels since the end of
World War II, was organized by some 80 organizations, including all of the country's political parties with
the exception of the Flemish nationalist "Volksunie" movement.
Dozens of ministers and members of parliament took part in the march which was broadcast live by the
recently established "Radio Judaica." Trade unions and professional organizations also took part in the
demonstration.
The Brussels rally was organized in response to the Oct. 3 bombing of a Paris synagogue which killed
four persons. The Brussels rally was the largest of a series of protest demonstrations throughout the world.
Some 1,000 persons staged a rally at Beth Emeth Synagogue in Toronto last Friday. Canadian
Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau later called for "the close cooperation of governments and
police forces" to prevent international terrorism from creating "world chaos."
The Canadian House of Commons adopted a resolution condemning any and all acts of terrorism
anywhere in the world and especially, at this time, the several recent and outrageous terrorist attacks on
Jews in France."
The resolution, which was introduced by Liberal MP Rolland de Corneilles of Toronto, and which was
adopted unanimously, also stated that this House conveys its deep sympathy to the innocent victims and
to their relatives and expresses support for the French government in its determination to protect French
Jews."
The resolution also urged "that all security forces immediately cooperate internationally in an all-out
effort to protect Jews from any sufferings and insults
at the hands of National Socialists and other ex-
tremist groups."
Last week, at a meeting of the Conference of
Presidents of Major American Jewish Organiza-
tions, Howard Squadron, who is chairman, and
WASHINGTON (JTA). — The U.S. Department of
Rabbi Alexander Schindler of the Union of
Commerce has agreed to release an estimated
quarter-million pages of secret documents disclosing
American Hebrew Congregations, repeated Is-
the names of the American companies that partici-
raeli charges that the terrorism in France is di-
pated in the Arab boycott of Israel during an 11-year
rectly related to France's Middle East policies.



Boycotting Firms'
Names Released

period that included two Arab-Israeli wars.
Secretary of Commerce Philip Klutznick, who
made the announcement, said the department's
decision settled a Freedom of Information Act
suit filed on March 3, 1977 by Mark Green and
the Corporate Accountability Research Group.
Klutznick called the settlement "a constructive
resolution of a complex public policy issue. It recon-
ciles the Administration's longstanding commitment
to openness in government with the obligation of
government to protect confidential business informa-
(Continued on Page 6)

Squadron, who met with the French ambassador
in Washington last week, said, "I have not seen any
sign that the French government will reconsider its
Middle East policy which is to appease and give re-
spectability to the PLO, to join prominently in every
public criticism of Israel no matter how extravagant
and unjustified; to risk global catastrophe by provid-
ing nuclear know-how to the radical regime in
Baghdad in exchange for Iraqi oil; and generally to

(Continued on Page 10)

JPS Offers New Translation of 'The Book of Job'

PHILADELPHIA — "The Book of Job,"
a new translation according to the tradi-
tional Hebrew text, with introductions by
Moshe Greenberg, Jonas C. Greenfield and
Nahum M. Sarna, has just been published
by the Jewish Publication Society with fac-
ing Hebrew and English texts.



-

"The Book of Job," concerned with the
nature of God's justice, is one of the most
powerful books of the Hebrew Scriptures
and perhaps the most sublime creation of
ancient Hebrew literature. The present
English rendering, the work of a distin-
guished committee of Jewish biblical
scholars, is a new version and not a re-
vision of an earlier translation.

It is published now in advance of its
inclusion in the forthcoming edition of the
r.-twomnycommittee's "Kethubim-The Writings,"

which will complete the new JPS transla-
tion of the Hebrew Bible.
The committee of translators in-
cluded Professors Moshe Greenberg
(Hebrew University), Jonas C. Green-
field (Hebrew Universty), and Nahum -
M. Sarna (Brandeis University). Asso-
ciated with them in the effort were
Rabbis Saul Leeman, Martin Rozen-
berg and David S. Shapiro, represent-
ing the three sections of orgartized
Jewish religious life in America. Dr.
Chaim Potok served as secretary of the
committee.
Each of the translators has contributed
introductory comments on various aspects
of "The Book ofJob." Thus, "The Language
of the Book" is discussed by Prof. Green-
field, "Reflections on Job's Theology" are
presented by Prof. Greenberg and Prof.

Sarna has provided a "General Introduc-
tion" which deals with such questions as
the book's place in the scriptural canon and
its literary structure.
This new version is based on the received
( Masoretic) Hebrew text. The entire gamut
ofJob interpretation, from ancient times to
modern, has been probed. Moreover, the
results of the modern study of the lan-
guages and cultures of the ancient Near
East have been brought to bear on the bi-
blical word wherever possible. Purely
speculative innovations have been
avoided.
The style of the translation is modern
literary English. An effort has been made
to retain the exceptionally rich imagery of
the Hebrew rather than to render it by
English equivalents and approximations

.

alien to the biblical world.
"The Book of Job," as Prof. Green-
field notes, "has posed more difficul-
ties for translators and commentators
than any other book of the Hebrew Bi-
ble. Its language is often difficult; there
are lines whose interpretation depends
entirely on the translator's under-
standing of the context and his ability
to make the best of what is preserved in
the text."
Indeed, as the translators comment in
their preface to this volume: "The interpre-
tation of the text and meaning ofJob posed
extraordinary, to us at times insuperable,
difficulties." Yet, they conclude, "we do
hope to have transmitted something of the
directness, the simplicity, and the power
that are so essential to the sublimity of the
Hebrew, 9q}( Cf;491):;hi-;:hohr

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