THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
24 October 11, 1980
Terror Sweeping Europe Rooted in Anti-Semitism.
It has a definite objective
— the establishment of
regimes in West Germany,
France, Italy and some of
the smaller countries on the
The old terrorist organi-
zations were loosely knit in
an international network in
which the Palestine Libera-
tion Organization was the
binding factor. Members of
West Germany's Baader-
,Meinhof gang, the Pro-
visional Irish Republican
Army, the French "student"
rioters and others were
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trained in PLO camps and
, some of them were armed,
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partly financed and "coor-
dinated" through the PLO
which, in turn, received
substantial funds, arms and
some direction from the
The leftist and nihilist
zealots did not seek to es-
tablish a new political
order. Like the Weather-
men of the 1960s in this
country, their goal was to
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destroy all existing gov-
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ernment and social in-
stitutions and then let
some new form emerge
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from the ruins.
It was as if, in an insen-
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sate rage, they wanted to
destroy whatever held the
world fabric together. Their
idealism and their
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- TRANSMISSION I help from the Soviet Union
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The terrorist bands never
a large membership;
I they were small and conspi-
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By VICTOR BIENSTOCK
A new wave of terrorism
is sweeping over Europe, its
roots embedded in a nostal-
gic reversion to the Hitler
era and the leadership prin-
ciple. Unlike the extreme
leftist and nihilist variety of
terror which preceded it, the
new terrorism is
xenophobic, racist and vio-
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rational in structure and it elements that they showed That was true long before
was only in France that the in crushing the leftist ter- the Dreyfus scandal (it
student agitators could stir rorists. This reluctance, it is made it possible) and was
up tens of thousands to par- charged, encourages neo- true even in the days of
Leon Blum and the Popular
ticipate in demonstrations. Nazi manifestations.
In Europe, therefore, deal- There is a difference in Front.
During the past half-
ing with the terrorists was the German and French
century there has been a
largely a security matter situations. By and large, the
and, ultimately, the police German people feel that whole succession of anti-
Semitic organizations in
got control of the situation. with reparations and re-
It is a different situa- stitution and such means, France. In my working
tion today. The terrorist they have paid for the sins of career, I have reported on
groups of the right are the Hitler regime and have Leon Daudet's royalist
small in number but they relatively clean con- Camelots du Roi, the in-
famous Cagoulards, Col. de
have large reservoirs of sciences.
The French have never la Roque's Croix de Feu and
sympathy for their aims
been able to come to terms many others.
in the general public.
There have always beei.
In Germany, there has with themselves, for of all
always been a substantial, the peoples on the continent newspapers and periodicals
if covert, residue of Nazi who were subjugated by the devoted to anti-Semitism.
sympathy and of anti- Nazi war machine, the The Vichy regime had no
Semitism which has been French collaborated with trouble setting up a Jewish
concealed because it is not their conquerers most affairs department from
politic or popular to display readily and the French and among these activists; their
it now. Indoctrination of Poles gave the Nazis most zeal was tempered only by
hatred to the extent that the support in their efforts to their bureaucratic ineffi-
Hitler regime gave the destroy the Jewish people.
Yet, to be fair, not all
Details of French col-
German people is not to be
eradicated in a single gen- laboration, of the bet- Frenchmen are or have
eration or even two or three. rayal of French Jews and been anti-Semitic; there
Neo-Nazi organizations of the thousands of were many instances in
have existed in Germany foreign Jews who had World War II in which
almost as long as the repub- sought refuge in France, entire villages cooper-
lic itself; the authorities have been getting con- ated to conceal Jewish
took the position that in a_ siderable attention in re- refugees, sometimes not
democratic state they had cent years. It is not a pre- so much out of love for
the right to exist. Until re- tty picture and the the Jews as out of a-desire
cently, the security agen- French have not been to frustrate their Nazi
cies insisted they were not a gladdened by what this overlords.
Although Paris has al-
danger to the state; more re- retrospective research
cently, they have changed has brought to the sur- ways been the mecca of
young Americans, the
their mind and last January face.
Their sense of guilt, some French, essentially, are not
they banned the most
notorious of the lot, the "De- observers deduce, is one a hospitable race and do not
fense Sport Group reason why the French have like foreigners in their
Hoffman." It continued to turned on Israel; they can midst -- Jew or non-Jew.
Not many Jews have been
operate clandestinely and subordinate this guilt to the
accepted as part and parcel
one of its members was held anger aroused by the al-
responsible for the death- leged Israeli mistreatment of the French people.
The current anti-Jewish
dealing bomb at the Munich of the Arabs. And then there
is oil and the policy of the activities will Create a wider
Out of the investigation of Giscard d'Estaing govern- gap between Jew and non-
that incident emerged a ment to seek to establish a Jew in France, even though
highly interesting and im- powerful French influence the leading newspaper, Le
Monde, said editorially:
portant fact: according to in the Arab world.
"Every Frenchman, and
the Bavarian Ministry of
Tens of thousands of particularly, every police-
the Interior, there have Frenchmen served in the in-
been contacts between' the famous' Vichy Milice under man, should feel himself
Hoffmann group and the Marshal Petain and Pierre, wearing the Yellow Star."
PLO. Karl-Heinz Hoffman, Laval and the Milice served
the group's "fuehrer," flew Hitler more loyally than AJCongress, Art
to Beirut, headquarters of many of his Storm Troop Council Publish
the PLO, in July. The battalions.
Hoffman group is believed
Thousands of the Milice
to have received arms and are still alive and they and
NEW YORK — A new
funds from the PLO and to their families can justify annual magazine featuring
have assisted the PLO in their past conduct by con- articles and illustrations on
tinuing to brand the Jew as the spectrum of Jewish art
has been launched by the
There is a disturbing the enemy of France.
The French authorities National Council on Art in
irony in this. We see the
Soviet Union, through have not been overly dili- Jewish Life in cooperation
the PLO, aiding a Nazi gent in tracking down with the American Jewish
organization which right-wing terrorists in Congress.
"The First Jewish Art
would topple the West recent years, particularly
German government those who make the Jews Annual," published this
whose leaders are the their target. President de month, is dedicated to the
strongest advocates Gaulle had a problem be- memory of Sheldon Levison,
today of detente and who cause so many of his offi- a longtime leader of the
are the most zealous sup- cer corps strenuously American Jewish Congre
porters of the PLO de- opposed his policy on the enthusiastic patron of t
mand for political recog- liberation of Algeria. The arts and a talented art
present administration himself.
The annual's first edition
The Germans have tried apparently has a grave
to conceal the surviving problem in that numbers features' articles on the his-
anti-Semitism and to draw of police officers who tory of Judaic needlework
the curtain on the nation's should be fighting the by Ita Aber; the "Judenst-
Nazi aberration. There are terrorists are themselves ern," the hanging Sabbath
too many people in Ger- members of terrorist lamp, by Susan E. Green-
many even today who were organizations who would berg; and a psychohistory of
associated with the Nazi replace the Fifth Repub- Jewish rage and redemp-
apparatus (the pre' ident of tic by a fascist, tion as expressed in art, by
the republic is a former authoritarian regime.
Copies of the 64-page an-
party member) and they Anti-Semitism, in politer
would prefer to see the past forms perhaps, has always nual may be obtained by
forgiven and forgotten. But been endemic to the French. writing to Julius Schatz at
voices have been raised to There has hardly been an the American Jewish Con-
gress, 15 E. 84th St., New
protest that the authorities era in which in one form or
de ‘iriot:4 aotz witii2 the same.. aRother - ankji - Sernitism has York N Y 10028 There is
vigor against the neo-Nazi not been evident in France.