and the Replies
to Jewry's Prayers
Commentary, Page 2
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
VOL. LXXVIII No. 6 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075
Editorial, Page 4
$15 Per Year: This Issue 35c
October 10, 1980
Abhorrence of Anti-Semitism
Marks Paris Demonstrations
By EDWIN EYTAN
Cites Butzel Winners
Metropolitan Detroit Jewry's protest against the re-
surging anti-Semitism and the terrorist acts in France
were added to the many condemnations of the latest occur-
rences at the annual meeting of the Jewish Welfare Feder-
ation at Cong. Bnai David Monday evening.
An impressive portion of the meeting was the pre-
sentation of the coveted Butzel Awards to Mrs. Max
(Frieda) Stollman and Phi!!!') Stollman.
Reviewing the community role in advancing philan-
thropic, cultural and social service obligations, and refer-
ring to world crises as they affect Israel and world Jewry
Federation President George M. Zeltzer expressed outrage
at last week's occurrences in Paris and stated in his address
to the more than 400 at the dinner meeting:
"Recent events continue to alert us to the rising
threats to the Jewish community in Israel, abroad and
at home. The acceptance of terrorism as a daily occur-
rence must be fought on all fronts. The recent bomb-
(Continued on Page 6)
Butzel Award winners Mrs. Max (Frieda)
Stollman and Phillip Stollman are shown with Jewish
Welfare Federation President George Zeltzer, left,
and Max Fisher, honorary chairman of the executive
PARIS (JTA) — Thousands of people responded to a call by the Movement Against
Racism and for Peace (MRAP) to protest against fascism in France on Tuesday. The
demonstration was an extraordinary gathering since representatives of most French
political parties were present as well as people of all opinions — Zionists, pro-Israelis and
those who are openly pro-Palestinian.
More than 100,000 people marched in the center of Paris to show their disgust for
facism following the bomb attack against the Liberal (Reform) synagogue in Rue Copernic
last Friday in which four people were killed.
The demonstrators marched along the traditional two-mile Labor Day route from the
Place de La Nation to the Place de La Republique and chanted slogans such as "Fascism Shall Not Win,"
"Jews, Non-Jews, Same Struggle" or "Bonnet-Giscard Accomplices." The demonstration started at 5 p.m.
and went on for four hours and was part of a nation-wide, two-hour sympathy strike called by France's
major labor unions.
Interior Minister Christian Bonnet and the French president have been criticized for having
shown laxity in the face of neo-Nazi attacks carried out inFrance since the early 1970s. Moreover,
the government had not felt it necessary to send representatives to the Rue Copernic synagogue
at the Shabat service the day after the bomb attack.
Tuesday's demonstration marked the fourth consecutive day of protests in France. Angry Jewish
defense groups have been supplementing police guards at Jewish institutions and in Jewish neighborhoods
and business districts in France. Young Jews, some carrying walkie-talkies and steel bars, are stopping
suspicious-looking cars and frisking passersby and motorists.
Jewish anger is so intense that Jewish demonstrators tried to storm the Presidential residence, the
Elysee Palace, and the Ministry of Interior, and
came close to clashing with French riot police.
Tourists or passersby who seemed to conform to
the image of neo-Nazis — those with short-
cropped hair and wearing conservative dark
suits — were harassed or beaten up. Some were
ROME (JTA) — Pope John Paul II told 150,000 persons
seen fleeing, with blood over their faces.
gathered at an outdoor mass Sunday that the creation of
Israel was responsible for the plight of the Palestinian
Simone Veil, President of the European Par-
people. He also appealed to Moslems and Jews to make
liament, who was a former government minis-
Jerusalem a common home and "the crossroads of concilia-
ter, marched in one of the demonstrations. She
tion and peace."
was surrounded by an angry crowd which re-
In what many observers regarded as the harshest in-
proached her for "supporting the government."
dictment of Israel by any Pope, the Polish-born John Paul
It took riot police close to 20 minutes to extricate
her and her two companions, philosopher Ber-
"The Jewish people, a people with a tragic experience
nard Henri-Levy and artist Marek Halter and
linked to the extermination of so many sons and daughters
escort them to safety.
and pushed by a desire for security, gave birth to the state of
All along the Champs Elysee, in the Place
Israel. But at the same time a sad condition was created for
the Palestinian people who were in conspicuous part
d'Opera and in the vicinity of the President-
Pope Blames Israel
for Palestine 'Plight'
excluded from their homeland."
(Continued on Page 5)
Pioneer Builds a Museum and Knowledge at Caesarea
By PROFESSOR NORMA GOLDMAN
(Editor's note: Professor Norma Goldman taught Latin and Roman culture at
Wayne State University. This article is the second of two describing her experi-
ences during a five-week archeological dig last summer at Caesarea Maritima,
"Tonight we will visit the museum on the kibutz at Sdot Yam with its fine collection
f artifacts from Caesarea, and while you are examining the pieces, you must realize that
the museum owes its existence entirely to the efforts of one
man — Aaron Wegman."
Thus Dr. Robert Bull, director of the archeological
excavations at Caesarea Maritima in Israel, introduced the
tour for the evening. We 80 volunteers had been excavating
during the day out in the field, and although we had been
working for a week in the two areas north and south of the
Crusader Fortress, we had seen little of the artifacts from
the nine previous seasons of excavation.
Each night after supper there were lectures on the
history of Caesarea, the techniques of excavation, the
aqueduct system, the underwater dig out in the harbor, and
on ancient coins. Tonight Prof. Bull had arranged for us to
see the results of the years of collecting from the kibutz and
from the dig.
The kibitz lies on top of a part of ancient Caesarea,
from behind the Roman theater, stretching south along the
shore for a mile. It then reaches the modern new sail club,
the sand dunes and the Kayit V'Shayit (Vacation and Sail),
the collection of beach cottages where we all were being housed for the summer. The
Kayit had been built by the kibutz, but recently had been sold to a private developer.
Aaron Wegman had agreed to open the museum at night so that we could see
the collection of ancient amphora, pitchers, coins, glass, sculpture, lamps, col-
umns and capitals, inscriptions and architectural fragments. One of the most
exciting of these fragments lies just at the entrance, the pyramid-shaped tip of the
obelisk made of Egyptian (Aswan) granite that had originally decorated the
spina of the Hippodrome. This center barrier around which the horse racing
turned was decorated with the great imported stone needle weighing 350 tons,
and its tip now lies outside the museum.
In the covered portico of the courtyard between the small wings of the museum
stands the prize piece of sculpture from the years of excavation at Caesarea, an over-
lifesize figure of a powerful woman with her foot resting on the prow of a ship. Shipping
was the basis of the economic success of the ancient harbor. Beside her, at her feet stands
a humble stevedore, hauling on a rope.
The figure has been identified as the Tyche, the goddess of good furtune, or the good
fortune itself of the ancient city built by Herod the Great and named for his Roman
patron, Caesar Augustus. Excavated during previous seasons by the Joint Expedition to
Caesarea Maritima under Dr. Bull, the Tyche group assembled at the kibutz museum
acts as a tangible link between the efforts of the American team of experts and the spirit
of archeological dedication and scholarship in the land of Israel, particularly on the
kibutz at Sdot Yam.
What is a Tyche? If the ancients chose to represent good fortune as a woman, it may
be because of the changeability of fortune, stereotyped as a woman — la donna mobile.
Wherever centers for the worship of good fortune have appeared, the deity is female, and
(Continued on Page 72)