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February 01, 1980 - Image 29

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-02-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


Afghanistan: A Lesson in Regionalism for the M.E.

Another opinion was ex-
JOHANNESBURG pressed by Israel's former
(JTA) — What is being foreign minister, Moshe
termed the Soviet invasion Dayan, who feels that it has
of Afghanistan is in reality become vital for Israel to
an increased Russian now help defuse its conflict
presence in that landlocked with the Moslem world. One
Indo-Iranian republic. Two way of doing this, he
years ago the Russians sup- suggests, is to make pro-
ported the successful coup gress on the subject of
by Afghanistan's Khalq Palestinian autonomy.
To be sure, it can do Is-
(Communist) Party. At the
time the Americans played rael no harm to add its
the wait-and-see game, voice to those troubled by
wondering how Marx and the loss, it seems, of inde-
Muhammed would fare in pendence of a fellow west
Asian country, be it Mos-
such close proximity.
Yet neither the Christian lem, secular, or what-
West nor the Moslem East ever. And if the -mainly
had as much as glanced at Arab rejectionist front is
how the Communist north for now looking east-
had long subdued another ward, that also reduced -
mainly Indo-Iranian land— the danger to an extent.
Tadzhakistan SSR and its But Israel cannot be satis-
several million souls. Then fled with recognizing such
their top priority in the changing factors passively.
Middle East appeared to be Indeed, Premier Menahem
the legitimization of the Begin and President Anwar
Palestine Liberation Sadat joined at Aswan in
Organization and idle dis- expressing an identity of
cussions of "Zionism is ra- outlook on events in Af-
cism." Small wonder that ghanistan. Here may be
Israel was then still aiding sensed the beginning of a
the Mengistu government regional process, modestly
of Ethiopia against the perhaps for the subregions
Somalia-Egypt axis, on the between the Nile and the
side in effect of the Warsaw Euphrates, yet hopefully
Pact. also for the Middle East
Now the Russians' south- region as a whole.
ernmost bases in Afghanis-
tan are a mere missile's
throw from the strategic
Strait of Hormuz, which
guards the entrance to the
NEW YORK — Two Is-
Persian Gulf oil states. And
Russia is closer than it has raeli companies have
- ever been to the shores of reached a major break-
the Indian Ocean, whose through in the production of
waters beckon beyond a electricity by solar energy
very restive Baluchistan - for large scale commercial
spread from southeast Iran use.
Ormat Turbines Ltd. and
to southwest Pakistan.
Hence the excitement Solmat Systems Ltd. have
among the North Atlantic developed the largest
powered generating
Treaty Organization and solar
in current operation
Organization for E co- plant
anywhere in the world.
nomic Cooperation and
By the conversion of its
Development countries,
of the Dead Sea into
not to mention the Organ- portion
solar lake, Israel can pro-
ization of Petroleum Ex- a
duce a substantial amount
porting Countries.
For President Carter the of its electrical power needs
hostage drama in Teheran by solar energy as of the
early 1990s. For Israel this
has become a case of 20 mil- means a decrease in oil im-
lion Afghan hostages and
billions of oil barrels. For ports
with and
a decrease
political de-
the moment, Iran's fascist pendence, as well as an im-
Shiite Ayatollah Ruholla provement in the balance of
Khomeini is caught be-
tween the two superpowers. payments.
The successful opera-
And feudal Sudia Arabia is.
b on of the 150 kilowatt
trying desperately to mus- pilot solar-electric power
ter support in the Islamic station at Ein Bokek on
world, beyond the ineffec- the Dead Sea has demon-
ing Arab League number- the the feasibility of
ing among its members generating electricity
friends of the Soviet Union.
from solar energy con-
As far as Israel is con-
— day and
cerned, a couple of recently
night, winter and sum-
expressed views appear sa-
lient. Prof. Ralf Dahrendorf men
The system is based on
of the London School of Eco- two original Israeli de-
nomics says that the latest velopments: the widely pro-
events in Afghanistan have yen Ormat Organic Ran-
not directly harmed Israel's kine Cycle Turbine and the
security and, indeed, might solar pond.
even bolster the Jewish
Research on Organic
state politically. He feels
Rankine Cycle Turbines,
that the U.S. might now operating at relatively low
recognize Israel as among
its true allies in the region, temperatures, and solar
ponds, began in 1958 at Is-
and expects the Afghan
crisis to help other Middle rael's National Physical
East states identify their Laboratory. With the found-
real enemies in the rightng of Ormat in 1965, the
places — and to improve low temperature turbine
was developed into an oper-
their understanding of Is-
ational system. Low cost
rael in international delib-
petroleum at that time

It is premature — though
by no means unrealistic —
to speak of the Middle East
regionalism along the lines
of the European Economic
Community. North Africa
— Barbary — is split be-
tween the Maghreb and the
Nile valley states. The
Semitic subregion is quite
Balkanized among republi-

Summer Seminar
in Jewish Studies

$30,000 federal grant has
been made to a Yeshiva
University professor for a
summer seminar for college
teachers in Jewish studies
in the United States, ac-
cording to Dr. Blanche
Blank, vice president for
academic affairs. A univer-
sity spokesman said the
award, made to Dr. Louis
Feldman, classics professor,
was the first of its kind to a
Yeshiva University faculty
The seminar, to be led by
Feldman for 12 teachers, is
being funded by the Na-
tional Endowment for the
Humanities. The seminar
will focus on the Greek
encounter with Judaism. It
will be held June 16-Aug. 8.

Israel Probing Large-Scale
Application of Solar Power

encouraged adaptation of
the new low-temperature
turbine to fossil fuels.
Particularly effective in
locations where fuelling
and servicing of standard
generators present prob-
lems, Ormat Energy Con-
verters (OEC) are
enthusiastically accepted in
remote power applications.
Today there are more than
2,500 OEC units — with
over 18 million hours of op-
eration — serving in more
than 43 countries.

Natural solar ponds
exist in Eilat, Israel, as
well as in Hungary,
Washington state and
Venezuela, to mention a
few. Unlike ordinary
ponds where convection
currents keep termpera-
tures nearly uniform
throughout, a solar pond
remains cool at the top
and quite hot at the lower
levels, with bottom tem-
peratures approaching
boiling point. This can
happen because the solar
pond's salinity increases
with its depth.

Sunshine, passing
through the lighter upper
area, heats the pond's heav-
ily saline lower layers. Be-
cause of the density grad-
ient, no convection takes
place, and the deep water
gets increasingly hotter,
with the hot water at the
bottom of the pond provid-
ing the thermal energy to
power the turbine.

Czech Censoring

LONDON — The Inter-
national Council of Jews
from Czechoslovakia re-
ports that the State Jewish
Museum in Prague had its
license to publish with-
drawn at the end of 1979.

cans and royalists and other
Turkestan is for the most
part under Communist rule.
The Indo-Iranians of Tad-
zhikistan and now Af-
ghanistan suffer the same
fate, and Iran and Pakistan
are having great internal
difficulties with Baluchis-
tan, Kurdistan and
Pakhtunistan. And there
are those who would regard
Mediterranean Europe as
part of the Middle East, too.

the recent Sadat-Begin
agreement, the Middle
East appears in dire need
of a Jean Monnet-Walter
Hallstein-Robert Schu-
man team, the co-
founders of the EEC.
Regional cooperation
will prove to be the best
guarantee of true inde-
pendence, economically
and even in terms of
self-defense against
powers for the moment
stronger than the divided
house of the Middle East.

Whether one takes the
agreement between
Chaim Weizmann and the
Emir Feisal bin Hussein
of two generations ago as
the point of departure, or

Friday, February 1, 1980

85 Percent Serve
in Israeli Forces

More than 85 percent of all
Israelis called up join the
army. The figures were re-
cently released after a
union official claimed that
more than 25 percent of Is-
raeli men do not serve in the
armed forces.
Approximately one-third
of those who do not serve are
yeshiva students who do not
belong to the special
yeshiva military program.
Another third are crippled
or otherwise handica • •

True, the Middle East is a
long way from that Arabian
Nights vision: "Each por-
tion of her charms we see,
seems of the whole a
simile." Yet the Afghanis-
tan crisis has brought a

Dismissed Rabbi
Gains New Post

glimmer of regional under-
standing to at least some
Middle Easterners. If so, the

Rabbi Stuart E. Rosenberg,
whose dismissal from Beth
Tzedec Synagogue here in
1973 triggered a major con-
troversy which sparked
lawsuits totalling $1.5 mil-
lion, has taken a post with a
suburban synagogue, as
"honorary part-time rabbi,"
according to Walter
Shankman, president of
Shaar Shalom Synagogue.
The president of the new
Conservative synagogue
said Rabbi Rosenberg ad-
dressed the congregation on
Dec. 1 and Dec. 8, and that
he expects "to be conducting
our Saturday service on a
regular basis.'

It is continued temper-
ance which sustains the
body for the longest period
of time, and which most
surely preserves it free from

price of the lesson has still
been very high — over 20
million Afghans, among
them some 100 Afghan

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