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January 25, 1980 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-01-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, January 25, 1980 5

Begin Backs Olympic Boycott; Sovi et Emigration Dropsi OFFICIALQ AGENCY I
'OMEGA

(Continued from Page 1)
debate on the internal de-
portation of Sakharov, and
called on other parliaments
to do the same.
Fear was expressed of a
possible link between the
measures taken against
Sakharov and a recent de-
crease in the number of
visas given to Soviet Jews.
Rafael Kotlowitz, head of
the Jewish Agency Immi-
gration and Absorption De-
partment, said at a press
conference in -Tel Aviv
Wednesday that such a de-
crease was noted. However,
he said, the reason for the
decrease might be the fact
that most of those leaving
the USSR are going to the
U.S. Kotlowitz said that in
the first three weeks of this
month the dropoutpout rate
was 63 percent, a slight drop
from last month (65 per-
cent) and the average drop-
out rate of last year (66.3
percent).
During 1979, some 51,317
immigrants left the USSR,
a rise of 43 percent com-
pared to the previous year.
Therefore, Kotlowitz
suggested, Israel should not

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"close off options" in her re-
lations with the USSR or
make any hasty decisions
regarding participation in
the Moscow Olympics.

A more pessimistic
view was expressed
Wednesday by Soviet
immigrant Alexander
Levin, in an interview
with the Voice of Israel.
Levin said that in the
wake of internal difficul-
ties, there were increas-
ing signs that the Soviets
would slow Jewish emig-
ration, "as the Jews are
always the first candi-
dates for any re-
pressions."

Levin made a personal
assessment that the
liberalization era in Soviet
politics has ended at the end
of 1979 with the invasion of

Afghanistan. He assessed
that it was a clear indica-
tion that the hardliners are
winning in Moscow.
Department
State
spokesman Hodding Carter,
commenting on Sakharov's
arrest, said that "a number
of reports from other
sources, including Amnesty
International, suggest that
there has been a heighten-
ing Soviet crackdown
against dissidents, includ-
ing several who have been
closely associated with
human rights activities in
recent months."
Last week State Depart-
ment official Robert W. Far-
rand told the National
Jewish Community Rela-
tions Advisory Council that
the Soviets were likely to
maintain the current rate of

Jewish emigration because
it was "in their interest to do

"The Soviet Union may
wish to continue emigra-
tion to 'score points' with
the U.S. in any future
negotiation with Wash-
ington on the eventual
resumption of normal re-
lations between the two
countries," Farrand
suggested.

He also said that under
the "compartmentalized"
Soviet system — where one
government agency may
not necessarily be affected
by the actions of another —
it was likely that the emig-
ration pipeline would re-
main "relatively unaf-
fected" by the new and hos-
tile relations between
Washington and Moscow.

AZF OKs Noshrim Compromise

NEW YORK (JTA) —
The American Zionist Fed-
eration (AZF) announced
last week that it decided to
lend its support to Premier
Menahem Begin's "com-
promise proposal" regard-
ing Soviet Jewish noshrim,
or dropouts, Jews who leave
the Soviet Union on Israeli
exit visas but once out of the
Soviet Union settle in the
United States and other
Western countries.
Rabbi Joseph Sternstein,
president of AZF, in a
statement at a press confer-
ence here, declared: "The
American Zionist Federa-
tion calls for the adoption of
the three-point program for
the rescue and resettlement
of Soviet Jews. It is only
through the implementa-
tion of this program that we
can both preserve the Soviet
Jewry movement and
further develop the state of
Israel."
The "compromise pro-
posal," as outlined by
Stemstein, offers financial
assistance only to those
Soviet Jews who opt to go to
Israel or those Soviet Jews
with immediate family al-
ready in America who opt

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for resettlement in the
United States.
Presently, all Soviet Jews
who leave the Soviet Union
and settle in the West re-
ceive assistance and finan-
cial aid from Jewish -organ-
izations. This assistance,
Sternstein pointed out, has
helped to dramatically in-
crease the number of nos-
hrim to 66 percent of all
Jews who left the Soviet
Union in the last year.
"The growing number of
Soviet Jews who relinquish
their Israel 'entrance visa'
in Vienna, and declare their
intention to resettle in the
West, casts a foreboding
shadow over the future of
the movement (of Soviet
Jews to the free world). The
latest evidence strongly
supports the view that the
Soviet authorities will use
this situation to end or se-
verely curtail Jewish emig-
ration," Sternstein said.

Sternstein said the AZF is
about to launch an "educa-
tional campaign" in Jewish
communities around the
country to win their support
for Begin's "compromise
proposal."
Sternstein also said that
the masses of Soviet Jews
resettling in the United
States has brought about a
situation "in which millions
of dollars raised expressly
for use in Israel have been
diverted to pay for their ab-
sorption in America."
Meanwhile, in Washing-
ton on Sunday, about 300
people, many of them
youngsters, gathered out-
side the Soviet embassy to
mark the 32nd birthday of
Anatoly Shcharansky and
to protest his continued con-
finement in a Soviet prison.
In New York, Burton
Levinson, president of the
National Conference on
Soviet Jewry, announced a
campaign to "make certain
that Anatoly knows that he
has not been forgotten." He

A few bad words got into
the ear of the mother of
mankind, and they led her
on to eat the forbidden fruit,
and thus to bring death into
the world.
—G. Mogridge

said birthday greetings
should be sent in the form of
cards, letters or cables to:
Anatoly Shcharansky,
UCHR 511110/1, Moscow,
RSFSR, USSR.
Also in New York, the
Student Struggle for Soviet
Jewry staged a march to the
Soviet Mission to the
United Nations where pro-
testors chanted "Unhappy
birthday, Anatoly
Let my
Shcharansky
people go."
Earlier, the group
demonstrated outside the
new million-dollar Pales-
tine Liberation Organiza-
tion headquarters three
blocks away where they
shouted "Hell no PLO —
PLO has to go," and carried
placards stating "New
York's newest bomb fac-
tory," and "Murder Inc. on
East 65th Street."
Meanwhile, Genya Intra-
tor, vice president of the
Canadian Committee on
Soviet Jewry, reported from
Toronto that Boris
Shcharansky, Anatoly's
father, died Sunday while
on his way to the apartment
of Prof. Alexander Lerner
where a ceremony was to be
held for Anatoly's birthday.
Mrs. Intrator said the
elder Shcharansky, 75, suf-
fered a heart attack while
on a trolley bus en route
from Istra, the Moscow sub-
urb where he resided. His
wife, Ida Milgrom, was at
Lerner's apartment at the
time.



Observers of Soviet af-
fairs believe the crackdown
on dissidents is designed to
remove "disruptive ele-
ments" from Moscow prior
to the summer Olympics.

The Israelis seem to be
divided over the Olympics
boycott issue. Some news
media have called for a
boycott while others say Is-
rael's participation should
be used to gain concessions
from the Soviets in favor of
freer emigration.

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