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January 25, 1980 - Image 24

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-01-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

24 Friday, January 25, 1980

The 1980's Are Here!



Falashas, Energy Among NJCRAC Plenary Topics

— Premier Menahem Begin
of Israel has pledged his
government's cooperation
with the newly formed
Committee on Ethiopian
Jews of the National Jewish
(NJCRAC) in a cable to its
annual assembly last week.
Daniel Shapiro, chair-
man of the committee, said
that his committee's "prior-
ity task" would be to bring
the plight of Falasha Jews
to the attention of the
American people and to
facilitate their exodus to Is-
Rachamim Elazar, a
Falasha now studying at
Tel Aviv University, spoke
at a plenary session of the
assembly and described the
current situation of Falasha
Jews. He said their num-
bers have been reduced



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from 100,000 50 years ago to
fewer than 28,000 today.
Elazar told of walking 30
miles when he was nine
years old "to see and touch
someone who had come from
Jerusalem, a thought that
kept and keeps us alive as
Albert Chernin, execu-
tive vice chairman of
NJCRAC, announced that
the new committee would be
staffed by Abraham Bayer,
director of NJCRAC pro-
grams dealing with Jews
Bennett Yanowitz of
Cleveland assumed the
post of chairman of the
NJCRAC. He sees the
American Jewish com-
munity facing serious
challenges related to re-
cent changes in the world
In an interview with the
Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, Yanowitz said that
the major issue for the
1980s may be caused by the
energy shortage in the U.S.
"Such a shortage may ef-
fect dramatic changes in the
U.S., especially if surpluses
are not shared to elevate the
economically disadvan-
taged," he said. "If there is
less oil per capita, who will
bear the burden?" he asked.
With "less pie to divide up,"
he predicted greater social
stress than in the recent
Asked if he felt this
could lead to a re-
surgence of anti-
Semitism in America,
Yanowitz said, "Through
the years I have been an
optimist on anti-
Semitism. I do not view it
as a real threat." He said
he does anticipate possi-

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ble "heightened ten-
sions" but does not
foresee a wave of overt
Yanowitz stressed that
disassociating Israel from
the energy crisis will be a
major task for the American
Jewish community. "We
must consider the energy
problem as a national issue
in which we have a broad
interest," he said.
He said that NJCRAC's
Israel Task Force has asked
the Council of Jewish Fed-
erations (CJF) for $2 mil-
lion for the specific purpose
of an interpretive project on
Israel. Yanowitz noted that
this is more than the entire
current budget of NJCRAC.
He acknowledged in that
connection that the CJF is
pressured by other needs.
But he said he hoped they
would see this project as
"the priority we think it is."
Another vital task for the
American Jewish commu-
nity, Yanowitz said, will be
to emphasize that Israel and
America have broad com-
mon interests. "Americans
don't see this picture and it
needs to be stressed. We
must emphasize each coun-
try's respective national
interest as well as their
common interests," he said.
Opposing Views

on Energy Policy

White House domestic
policy chief Stuart
Eizenstat and Democratic
Senator Howard Metzen-
baum of Ohio clashed shar-
ply on the nation's energy
problem in separate ap-
pearances before the
Eizenstat outlined a
three-point program to
meet the nation's energy
crisis through "rational" oil
pricing, stepping up the
production of alternate
sources of energy and
encouraging conservation.
He defended decontrol of
oil prices as the country's
"best hope" to halt the de-
cline in domestic oil prod ic-
tion, arguin -; that it would
encourage nroducers to find
and develo new sources of
member of the Senate
Committee on Energy
ai!d Natural Resources
said the Carter program
was "doomed to failure
because it relies on vol-
untary participation
rather than mandatory
controls." He said price
decontrol was a "cruel"
policy that would hurt
the poor and middle-
income groups most seri-
ously, increase inflation
and transfer $1 trillion to
the oil companies over
the next 10 years — "most
of which they would
The Ohio Democrat as-
serted that in the first nine
months of 1979, when price
decontrol was largely in ef-
fect, U.S. oil production ac-
tually declined by 5 percent.
Eizenstat said
windfall profits tax would-
provide enough funds to
launch an intensive pro-
gram to develop synthetic
fuels such as gasohol, whose

production should rise percent of the energy used
rapidly to some 1.8 billion in the U.S. by the year 2000
yn mettih
gallons a year by the mid- would come
c f sun. s,
zenbaum said the such as liquefied coal, would
windfall profits tax bill, now provide the equivalent of
in a joint Senate-House con- one million barrels of im-
ference committee, would ported oil daily by the end of
probably wind up at around this decade, Eizenstat said.
$228 billion, with the result Oil shale —"there's enough
that the oil companies to equal three Saudi
would get to keep some $750 Arabias," the White House
000 wbouldea
billion in windfall profits oa t i h
ls daily
over the next decade.
spokesman said that predicted.
•• •
under the Administra-
tion's energy plan, Detroiters Attend
domestic oil production
NJCRAC Sessions
— which had been declin-
Jewish Community
ing — would remain con- Council Executive Director
stant during the 1980s. Alvin L. Kushner and staff
Combined with reduced member Allan Gale repre-
consumption and the in- sented Detroit at the
creasing use of solar NJCRAC sessios.
energy and other alter-
Kushner was the pre-
nate sources of energy, senter at a workshop
Eizenstat said, the United entitled, "Arab Propaganda
States will be using 4.5 and Propagandists: New
million barrels per day Trends and Countermea-
less of imported oil 10 sures." Kushner was also
years from now.
elected to the NJCRAC
Administration plans, he executive committee.
said, include legislation re-
At a dinner honoring out-
quiring the nation's electric going NJCRAC president
utilitiesto switch to coal or Theodore Mann, Detroit re-
other fuels in at least 50 ceived one of six certificates
percent of the plants where given to Jewish community
they are now using oil. He councils having passed
said the use of solar energy their 40th anniversaries.
in the U.S. had tripled since The Jewish Community
President Carter took office Council of Metropolitan De-
and predicted that some 20 troit is in its 43rd year.

State of Union Address Deals
With M.E., Rights, Memorial

President Carter pledged to
"continue to work vigor-
ously for a comprehensive
peace in the Middle East" in
his State of the Union me"-
sage. He also said he wool .
urge Congress to ratify out-
standing human rights
treaties and conventions
and would proceed, in coop-
eration with Congress, to
"establish an appropriate
memorial" to the Six Mil-
lion Jews and other victims
of the Nazi Holocaust.
The President made th pse
points in his 75-page rr es-
sage, submitted to Congr. ss
on Mr nday and presented n
abbreviated form to a joi'it
session of Congress We i-
nesday night.
With respect to the Mid-
dle East, the President
noted that at the cere-
in( vies that followed the
Ca: -p David agreements in
Septembr - 1978, Premier
Menahei Begin of Israel
and President Anwar Sadat
of Egypt repeated their
"pledge to work for au-
tonomy on the West Bank
and Gaza."

In that connection he
observed that since the
Camp David Accords
"Egypt and Israel have
been working to com-
plete this part of the
Camp David framework
and to provide an oppor-
tunity for the Palestinian
people to participate in
determining their future.
I strongly support these
efforts and have pledged
that we will be a full
a g
r tontieartii o
n ntshe autonomy

The President added, "At
the same time, I have. rein-
forced America's commit-
ment to Israel's security and
to the right of all nations in
the area to live in peace
with their neighbors within
secure and recognized fron-
On human rights, Carter
said: "I will continue to
press the Senate to ratify
five key human rights
treaties. • the American
Convention on Human
Rights; thz. Convention on
Racial Discrimination: the
United Nati )ns Convention
on Civil a td Political
Rights; Ecormmic and So-
cial Rights; and the
Genocide Convention.
The President referred to
rte Holocaust memorial in
toe section of his message
dealing with the District of
C olumbia. He said:
"Last year, I received
and approved the
recommendation of the
President's Commission
on the Holocaust, which I
established to assess how
our government might of-
ficially recognize, for the
first time, the tragedy of
the Holocaust. I will
shortly be developing a
council of distinguished
Americans to develop
ways to implement the
commission's proposals.

"The council and my Ad-
ministration will work
closely with the Congress as
we establish an appropriate
memorial to the Six Million
Jews and the millions of
other victims of Nazism
during World War II."

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