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January 04, 1980 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-01-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

6 Friday, January 4, 1980

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

George Ball's Arab Appeasement, Anti-Israel Views
'Stated in January Foreign Policy Magazine Article

By VICTOR BIENSTOCK

342-7801

George W. ball no longer
holds an official position in

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the U.S. government but he
is a ranking member of the
small, permanent estab-
lishment which dominates
American foreign policy re-
gardless of which party is in
power. Under secretary of
state in the Kennedy and
Johnson administrations
and a former ambassador to
the United Nations, Ball
has closely followed Middle
East developments and has
long been a trenchant critic
of Israeli policy. He has
been particularly severe in
his appraisals of Israel's
policies toward the Arabs
and has long advocated the
Rogers Plan, with minor
modifications, as the solu-
tion of territorial issues.
His viewpoint must be ac-
cepted as, in large part, an
expression of the position of
our foreign policy estab-
lishement.
Writing in the January
issue of Foreign Affairs, the
influential quarterly pub-
lished by the Council on
Foreign Relations, Ball
warns that American-
Israeli relations are "ap-
proaching a crisis state."
He warns bluntly that
"unless American-Israeli
relations are radically rede-
fined — either in a closer or
looser direction — the
search for an Arab-Israeli
peace will be completely
thwarted and the interests
of both nations increasingly
jeopardized."
He describes Israel's
position vis-a-vis the
United States as "depen-
dence without responsi-
bility," American and Is-
raeli interests not always
idential and the im-
mediate problem: how
can "our relationship
with Israel be brought
into lihe with the national
interest?"
Ball's basic complaint is
that the U.S. has never,

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since the Eisenhower-
Dulles days, stood up to Is-
rael but has yielded to the
Israeli hard line on peace.
He accuses Israel of follow-
ing policies harmful to
American interests while,
at the same time, demand-
ing and receiving American
aid.
The activities of the Is-
raeli lobby in Washington,
he says, "exert a strong and
continuing influence" on
American-Israeli relations,
contributing "in a major
way to the constrictions im-
posed on American freedom
of diplomatic action toward
Israel." The Israeli influ-
ence in Washington is so
strong, he complains, that
"practically no actions can
be taken, or even discussed,
within the executive branch
without it being quickly
known to the Israeli gov-
ernment."
Ball's immediate concern
is that the Israelis are refus-
ing to settle the Palestine
Arab question, that failure
to resolve this issue is pre-
venting establishment of
peace in the Middle Est and
that the present state of af-
fairs — the absence of peace
— is highly detrimental to
American interests.
He charges that the ul-
timate aim of the Begin
administration is to whit-
tle down the Camp David
agreements on the West
Bank and ultimately to
annex the territory– His
comments on the Israeli
emphasis now on retain-
ing West Bank control
are caustic and he cites a
little-known fact that in
July 1968 when he was
U.S. Permanent Repre-
sentative to the United
Nations, Prime Minister
Levi Eshkol authorized
him "to tell King Hussein
that, in return for peace,
Israel would be prepared
to return the West Bank
with minor modifications
to his authority.
"Hussein, however," Ball
narrates, "was not at that
time a free agent" because
of the Khartoum Declara-
tion barring any talks with
Israel.
The current position of
the Israeli government,
Ball asserts, "offers no hope
whatever of progress
toward resolution of the
problems of the West Bank
and Gaza, the core of the
Palestine issue which, in
turn, is the key to lasting
peace."
He condemns the Israelis
for encroachment on the
West Bank with settle-
ments and land purchases
and for conduct
in south-
ern Lebanon ' a policy of
savage and wide-ranging
air attacks that inflict
casualties out of all propor-
tion to the occasion." Arabs,
he says, can hardly be

between Israel and the
Arabs but the avoidance of
divisive issues that set Arab
states against each other
and seeking to play one
superpower against the
other, he says.
American support of the
Israeli-Egyptian peace ef-
forts, he contends, has con-
tributed to "the polarization
of the Arab world."
He asserts that "there is
GEORGE BALL
no possibility whatever of
blamed "for believing that Israel playing any useful
Israel is engaged in a delib- part in the direct military or
erate policy of expansion strategic sense" because the
Arabs will not cooperate .
and consolidation."
The fornier ranking with the Israelis.
Defense
State Department official
Secretary
asserts that although Is- Brown's mission to the Mid-
rael's policies are "pro- dle East countries to ascer-
foundly antithetic to tain defense needs, he says.
American interests and "was told in the most
principles," Israel never- categorical terms that any
theless continues to ex- project that involved Israeli
pect and to demand mili- territory or forces would be
tary and economic aid highly disruptive."
from the U.S. and has be-
Assuming that Ball is
come "a ward — a kind of correctly reporting the Arab
welfare dependent — of position — and there is no
reason to assume otherwise
America."
Israel's dependence on in this case — that would
the United States, he mean that in the event of an
claims, "has now reached emergency, American ships
would not be able to use
the point of totality."
America's overriding Haifa's facilities or U.S.
interest in the Middle East, fighters and bombers would
Ball says, is to promote not be able to use Israeli
peace, particularly between bases without the U.S. in-
Israel and the Arab states, curring Arab displeasure.
Israeli policy must be
because "America needs to
establish friendly relations brought into conformity
with the Arab states that with America's, Ball insists.
are becoming increasingly "with Israel accepting the
significant elements in the essential changes in the
economic life of the world." American position." The al-
That is not possible, he says, ternative is that Israeli-
as long as Israel is at odds American relations "must
become much looser, with
with the Arabs.
Furthermore, peace is the U.S. resuming its free-
necessary because "we need dom of action on all forins of
to keep the Middle East out aid to Israel, so long as Is-
of the Communist orbit." rael sticks to its present
This requires not only peace course."

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