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September 28, 1979 - Image 14

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1979-09-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

14 Friday, September 28, 1919

Soviets Harass Two Samizdat Writers

NEW YORK (JTA) — Dr.
Tzilya Raitburd
Mendzheritzky, a 54-year-
old Moscow Jewish activist
involved in the publication

of the "samizdat" journal,
"Jews in the USSR," was de-
tained and then released by
the KGB and told that a
case was being prepared

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against her on a charge of
"anti-Soviet activity and
agitation," according to in-
formation received by the
National Conference on
Soviet Jewry.
Mendzheritzky was taken
to Dmitrov, a city about 40
miles north of Moscow, and
released after three days of
interrogation and ordered
to return for further ques-
tioning.
This is the second recent
action against a participant
in the publication of the un-
derground chronicle. Igor
Guberman, 43, an -editor of
"Jews in the'USSR," was ar-
rested recently on what are
believed to be trumped up
charges of dealing in stolen
religious icons.
The arrest on Sept. 14
of Mendzheritzky fol-
lowed a search of her
apartment at the end of
August in which a

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number of books and ar-
ticles on Jewish culture
and religion were confis-
cated. She was dismissed
from the Institute of
Geology where she had
worked for 20 years soon
after her daughters
applied to emigrate.
Dr. Alexander Tiemkin
reported from Israel that his
82-year-old mother had suf-
fered a stroke in Moscow.
She has been prevented for
six years from joining her
son in Israel and her 20-
year-old granddaughter in
Moscow, Marina, has been
prevented from visiting her.

Leaders Rap
Jerusalem Rabbis

NEW YORK (JTA) —
Leaders of American Con-
servative Judaism at-
tacked Jerusalem's two
chief rabbis, Bezalel Zolti
and Yosef Mashash, for for-
bidding participation in the
High Holy Day services
conducted by the Conserva-
tive movement. The two
rabbis, in a statement Mon-
day, said that any services
held in the Conservative
style would not be consid-
ered valid.
American Conservative
leaders, in cables to Israel's
Preinier Menachem Begin,
President Yitzhak Nav on
and other Israeli leaders,
called the Jerusalem rabbis'
statement a "distortion of
Jewish law and tradition."

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(Copyright 1979, JTA, Inc.)

COMMUNITY TRENDS: Increasing inflation will be
affecting the budgets and programs of many Jewish organ-
izations and institutions in the Jewish year which just
started. Jewish federations are nevertheless entering the
new year determined to provide new services in a number of
major areas. These include Jewish education, aid to elderly
Jews and Soviet Jewish resettlement. These three fields
are developing into priorities for the American Jewish
community, in addition to the major obligation of providing
financial aid to Israel through the United Jewish Appeal
and to needy Jewish communities overseas through the
Joint Distribution Committee.
Jewish education — which does not benefit from fed-
eral funds — will this year generally get more attention
from federations than ever before. The importance of the
Jewish school system in implanting Jewish knowledge and
a Jewish spirit in children, thereby strengthening Jewish
continuity, is now being acknowledged by all federation
leaders throughout the country. The continuing growth of
the number of Jewish day schools of all religious denomina-
tions has fortified the conviction that systematic Jewish
education is of prime importance for the American Jewish
community.
A national study, laying a strong foundation upon
which the American Jewish community will build crucial
educational services needed for its future survival, has now
been completed by the American Association for Jewish
Education in cooperation with the Council of Jewish Fed-
erations. More than 500 federation and Jewish education
leaders in more than 30 communities had been consulted in
the course of this study.
The maintaining of the Jewish school system now costs
many tens of millions of dollars a year. The cost is covered
primarily by tuition from parents. The federations — which
are increasing their allocations for Jewish education with
every year — last year contriblited about $30 million for
local educational programs.

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PROBLEM OF THE AGED: Planning also to expand
this year their aid to elderly Jews, the federations are
aware that the percentage of aged among Jews is larger
than among any of the religious, racial and ethnic groups in
this country.
The federal government is helping in the relocation of
poor and aged Jews in New York, but the relocation process
cannot be handled by the elderly alone. The Jewish com-
munity must take a hand in helping in the relocation, with-
advice and also with funds. In a number of cities the Jewish
community is also deeply involved in providing mental
health services as well as a variety of other services for the
lonely and sick aged Jews.
The Jewish aged problem is gradually becoming more
and more one of the major problems of the organized Jewish
communities. With every year this problem grows more
complicated because of the constant increase in the number
of feeble and helpless who live in poverty and must depend
on communal aid. Some federations foresee the 1980s as a
decade in which care for the Jewish aged will supercede the
support given even to Jewish hospitals. The latter are re-
ceiving federal and municipal financial assistance, in addi-
tion to their income from other sources.

* * *

SOVIET IMMIGRANTS: CJF leaders anticipate
that at least 30,000 Soviet Jews will be coming to the
United States and Canada in the next year, and possibly
more.
Anticipating such an increased immigration, the CJF
has now submitted an application for a federal grant of $36
million. At the same time, it will take steps to economize
the resettlement costs of the immigrants in every possible
way, and is developing guidelines for communities for such
economies. The special federal funds — which are given on
a matching basis — will allow the CJF to aid selected
communities in developing new, cost-effective demonstra-
tion programs which can then be adopted nationally. A
special CJF body on Soviet Jewish resettlement has been
established. It will operate from a special administrative
office with its own staff and budget.
To get an idea of the extent to which inflation has
affected the resettlement of Soviet Jews in this country, it is
only necessary to look at the figures of NYANA, the agency
which helps to absorb Soviet Jewish immigrants in New
York. In 1973, resettlement of a family of four (parents and
children aged 10 and 8) until they became self-sufficient
averaged $1,500. Today it averages $5,500. The same situ-
ation prevails in the more than 150 communities through-
out the country which are accepting Soviet Jewish immig-
rants for absorption.

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