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September 21, 1979 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1979-09-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

8 Friday, September 21, 1919

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Levin Calls for Continuing U.S. Concern
for Assuring Safety of the Refusniks;
Their Wish to Go to Israel Is Defined

Attack Feasible

JERUSALEM (ZINS) —
Israel's chief of staff, Gen.
Raphael Eytan, recently
warned that the Arab states
could mount a serious at-
tack against Israel without
the participation of the
Egyptians.
criticized
also
He
analysts who claimed that
Soviet equipment being
used by the Arabs is inferior
to American arms.

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PITZER'S

U.S. Sen. Carl Levin,
(D-Mich.), reporting this
week on his meetings with
Jewish refusniks while on a
mission with a five-man
Senatorial team in the
USSR, said the dissidents
who wish to leave the Soviet
Union must have a continu-
ing interest by Americans
to guarantee their security.
Losing their jobs, includ-
ing those who have been de-
prived of academic duties,
as soon as they apply for
visas to go to Israel, these
people are dependent upon
menial positions for their
sustenance and on assis-
tance from relatives and
friends. This aid could also
be lost to them if interest in
their welfare was aban-
doned, the Senator said. The
retention of concern in them
is their guarantee that they
won't be abandoned, he
stated.
Declaring that "retention
and a continuation of pres-
sures in behalf of the refus-
niks is urgent," Sen. Levin
said that there is a consis-
tency in their ranks. They
reject charges of disloyalty
while adhering to the right
to leave the land where they
feel semblances of prej-
udice, and insist on the
right to go to Israel as a
choice of dedication to an-

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cestral legacies.
Calling attention to the
Soviet official accusa-
tions that those applying
for exit visas are "para-
sites of the USSR," Sen.
Levin said that the
charge is unjustified, that
Russian Jews have
shown a loyalty to the
state and that it is not ne-
gated by a normal and
natural right of seeking
citizenship elsewhere,
especially when it is
motivated by the bias ex-
perienced in official reac-
tions to dissidents and a
desire to adopt another
country. In his meeting
with the eminent
Russian-Jewish aca-
demician, Prof. Alexan-
der Lerner, now among
the jobless, Sen. Levin
taped his statement in
which he declared:
"We are not anti-Soviet,
first of all, I should em-
phasize it. We are in-
terested in one thing, to
leave this country, to join
our beloved, our relatives,
our people on our holy land,
that's our only goal. We un-
derstand that in such a
situation we even have no
moral- right to interfere in
the situation in this coun-
try, to try to change it being
here and, of course, we are
not interested to change it
when we will be out of it .. .
and your help to us is not
something which is against
the interest of the Soviet
Union."
This, Sen. Levin said,
summarized the courage of
those claiming the right to
differ and, therefore, being
in the ranks of the dissi-
dents, as well as the princi-
ple assertion of a justified
choice to go to Israel.
But it is not a one-sided,
strictly Jewish matter, the
Senator declared. He said
his Senatorial associates
met with members of Chris-
tian denominations who are
in a similar position to that
of the Jews, demanding
freedom of choice of citizen-
ship and the right to emi-
grate.

"These are the pleaders
for human rights who
have and who must con-
tinue to expect our sup-
port," Sen. Levin said.
Both in Leningrad and in
Moscow, Sen. Levin and his
wife, Barbara, and the other
Senators, met with the dis-
sidents and heard their ap-
peals. While there was no
doubt that KBG agents
watched them and dogged
their trails, bugging the
rooms where they met to
chat with the protesting
Russians, those with whom
contacts were made for
them prior to their arrival
in Russia met with them in
their hotel rooms, in their
homes, as with Prof. Lerner,
in front of synagogues in
Leningrad and in Moscow.
Sen. Levin gave an exten-
sive account of his experi-
ences in Russia to members
of the Michigan Regional

vd.
Pictured in the top photograph with Michigan
Sen. Carl Levin, left, are from left: refusniks Ale-
xander Yampolsky and Lev Israelev. Mrs. Levin is at
right. In the middle photograph, are, from left: Sen.
Levin, Maria Slepak, wife of exiled refusnik Vladimir
Slepak; Ida Milgrom and Leonid Shcharansky,
mother and brother of interned refusnik Anatoly
Shcharansky; and at bottom, Sen. and Mrs. Levin are
seen with, from left: Sen. Bill Bradley, Israelev, Yam-
polsky, Sen. and Mrs. David Boren.

* * *

Board of the Anti-,
Defamation League' at the
Sheraton Southfield Hotel
Sunday.
In his review of his
numerous contacts with the
dissidents and refusniks, to
The Jewish News, Sen.
Levin told of the contacts
made for him by the Na-
tional Conference on Soviet
Jewry and the messages he
brought to Russian Jews
from relatives in Michigan.
He said there was no diffi-
culty contacting those who
welcomed the greetings he
and Mrs. Levin brought
from emigres and who re-
cently settled in Michigan.
A major concern, he
said, is for the •future
status of the young. The
17-year-old youth who
are drafted into the army
lose their right to emi-
grate for 10 years after
their two-year military
duty. The claim is then
made that they have been
exposed to military
secrets they can impart
"to the enemy." The fate
of these youth is the chief
concern of parents seek-
ing visas to leave the
USSR, Sen. Levin said.
In the course of the con-
tacting of the dissidents and
applicants for visas to leave
the Soviet Union, Sen.
Levin had a very busy
schedule.
At the Leningrad
synagogue, Sen. Levin, Sen.
Joseph Biden (D-Del.) and
Sen. William Bradley (D-
N.J.) met with refusniks
Alexander Yampolsky and
Lev Israelev. The Senators
also met with Mr. and Mrs.
Daniel Fradkin, Abba
Taratuta, Carl Grinberg,
Mr. and Mrs. Mikhail
Kalendarov, Mr. and Mrs.
Boris Rifkin, Gregory Vel-

inzon, Lazar Kazakevitch
and Abram Kogan.
At the Kazakevitch
home, Sen. and Mrs.
Levin met with more re-
fusniks. In his Moscow
hotel room, Sen. Levin
and Sens. Biden and
David Boren (D-Okla.)
met with Dr. Lerner, Vic-
tor Brailovsky, Ilya Es-
sas, Vladimir Prestin,
Jacob Alpert, Helen
Seidel-Mai, Maria Sle-
pak, Ida Milgrom, Leonid
Shcharansky, Naum
Kogan and Abe Stolar.
During his trip, Sen.
Levin visited two Pentecos-
tal families, who have been
living in the basement of
the American Embassy in
Moscow in whose behalf
Levin also appealed.

Begin Discusses
Four-Year Goals

JERUSALEM (ZINS) —
In an interview with a
Spanish newspaper, Israeli
Premier Menahem Begin
said he hoped that he could
serve as premier for another
four years, during whirl- 'e
could sign a final r,
agreement with Egypt \d
Jordan, begin negotiations
with Syria and solve the
border problems with Leba-
non.

Cheaper Labor

TEL AVIV (ZINS) —
Analyst Nathan Yellin
More, writing in Haaretz,
says the low productivity of
Israeli industry as com-
pared to the West is not the
fault of Israeli workers but
caused by antiquated fac-
tories.
More said Israeli indus-
trialists can pay Arab labor
cheaper than the costs of in-
stalling expensive machin-
ery.

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