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September 07, 1979 - Image 45

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1979-09-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, September 7, 1979 45

Administration Backs Young Attack on Israel Strikes in Lebanon

WASHINGTON (JTA) —
Ambassador Andrew
I Young's address to the
United Nations Security
Council on events in south
Lebanon was preceded by a
unique comment here by
the Carter administration
that Young was speaking
with "the full authority of
the United States govern-
ment." Young unleashed a
bitter criticism of Israeli
strikes into Lebanon.
- In his attack, Young
charged Israel with the
:slaughter of innocent
people through random vio-
I011ik" But Young made it
cl IT that he condemns
Palestinian terrorist raids
in Israel.
— The outgoing ambas-
sador, who resigned from

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his post two weeks ago as a
result of his unauthorized
meeting with the Palestine
Liberation Organization
observer, declared that he
was speaking "with the full
authority of the United
States government."
Young said that the
United States govern-
ment believes that in
order to break the "dead-
lock of terror and
counter-terror in which
both sides seem to be
caught," the following
pre-conditions should be
followed:
• Both sides should coop-
erate fully with the United
Nations Interim Force in
Lebanon (UNIFIL) "to carry
out its mandate."
• "Israel should end its
policy of preemptive strikes
on Lebanese soil," and
should "cease its artillery
attacks in support of
Lebanese militia groups."
• "The Palestinian lead-
ership should help heal the
woulds of Lebanon.
• "All parties to the
conflict should carry out
and strictly enforce a
complete, immediate and
lasting halt to all the shel-
ling, terrorism and other
acts of violence."

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Yehuda Blum, Israel's
Ambassador, told the UN
Security Council that in
light of PLO operations
from Lebanon, Israel had no
choice but to take necessary
measures in its own de-
fense.
Civilians were inevitably
affected, he said, because
the PLO operated from ref-
ugee camps and villages. He
added, however, that Israel
supports Lebanon's sover-
eignty and territorial integ-
rity.
Meanwhile, State De-
partment spokesman Nod-
ding Carter volunteered
that Young was making "a
full statement on United
States policy" which in ef-
fect is a restatement of U.S.
positions.
Carter declared "in
case of any doubt,"
Young's "important
statement of policy" was
"cleared throughout this
government." However,
Carter said, under ques-
tioning, that special Am-
bassador Robert Strauss
did not participate in this
clearance, although he is
affected by the "spil-
lover" of the Lebanon
situation on Egyptian-
Israel negotiations that
Strauss is handling.
Outlining the U.S. policy,
spokesman Carter said that
the U.S. is "determined to
do all it can for an im-
mediate and lasting halt to
all acts of violence in south-
ern Lebanon." He added
that all hostilities must
cease "by all parties"
against innocents in Israel
and Lebanon — "by Pales-
tinians, Christian militia,
Israeli military and others."

Carter added that "we are
following up" Young's ad-
dress with diplomatic steps
in which the United States
will convey its views to "all
parties" including Lebanon,
Syria, Israel and Jordan.
Carter said the PLO and
the Christian militia, sup-
ported by Israel, will also
receive these U.S. views. He
said Arab governments will
convey them to the PLO. He
would not specify how the
Christians would be in-
formed.
In Washington, the
Carter Administration at
the highest levels has
formally ,declared Israel
is practicing "terror" by
its attacks on Palestinian
terrorists.
The Administration also
has made plain, in a fol-
lowup to resigned Young's
address to the UN Security
Council that it will consult
with Congress on pos-
sibilities of reducing U.S.
weaponry to Israel as
punishment for Israeli in-
cursions in south Lebanon.
Hodding Carter was
asked to explain the shift in
U.S. policy since it prev-
iously had spoken of the
"cycle and re-cycle of vio-
lence" or used similar lan-
guage in describing the
PLO infiltrations against
Israeli and Israeli retalia-
tion.
"The words have to speak
for themselves," Carter said
in reference to Young's
statement, while confirm
ing that Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance had approved
them.
State
Department
sources are putting out
the views that Israeli
Foreign Minister Moshe
Dayan is to blame for the
stiff-anti-Israeli position
taken by the U.S. on
south Lebanon.
These sources contend
that Dayan had said the
U.S. approves Israeli shel-

Syria Receives
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ling of Palestinian bases,
but opposes casualties the
Israeli "preemptive strikes"
cause among civilians.
Carter said repeatedly
that the U.S. is not "condon-
ing" terrorism; that the
Young statement "has to
stand on its own feet and
explains itself"; and that
the department "certainly
is not suggesting that any
people can be expected to
endure terrorism."
In a related development,
Israeli military sources re-
ported that a group of mili-
tary correspondents and
several foreign journalists
have been shown an Ameri-
can 105-mm howitzer shell
fired by Palestinian ter-
rorists into a Christian
enclave, contradicting a
statement by the United
States Embassy in Beirut
that the U.S. was not now
delivering arms or ammu-
nition of that caliber tt any
of the parties in conflict in

south Lebanon.
According to the sources,
the serial number on the
shell indicates that it was
produced in the 1970s.
The embassy statement
contended that several
105-mm howitzer guns
were lost by the Lebanese
army to various factions
during the 1975-1976 civil
war in Lebanon. Arms of
this caliber had last been
delivered almost five
years ago to Lebanon and
these may have fallen
into the hands of ter-
rorists, according to the
Americans.
(In Washington, Hodding
Carter said, in response to
reporters' questions as to
how some 30 U.S. 105-mm
howitzers and ammunition
for them got into the hands
of terrorists in south Leba-
non, that such guns and
ammunition have not been
delivered "for over four
years" to Lebanon.)

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order for Israel to meet a
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Reports from Damascus I
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are superior to the
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Pentagon officials say
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Western military experts
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