In toil shall you eat . . . all the days of
When you eat the labor of your
hands, happy shall you be.
As others toil for me, I must toil for
Third World, Arab •
and Oil Interests
Working Together for a Better America
The true right to a country — as to
anything else — springs not from polit-
ical or court authority, but from work.
David Ben-Gurion, 1915
Hebrew has but one word — avoda —
for work and worship.
—Hugo Bergmann, 1919
Under the sign of labor we go into the
in Any Area
HE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
Commentary, Page 2
Editorial, Page 4
of Jewish Eveitts
VOL. LXXV, No. 26 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833 $12.00 Per Year: This Issue 30c , Aug.
Legitimizing PLO Is Assai-led,
Moratorium, Asked by NAACP
Klutznick Rejects Goldmann
PLO Fraternization Intent
NEW YORK (JTA) — Philip Klutznick, president of the
World Jewish Congress, has dissociated himself from the possi-
bility that his WJC predecessor, Dr. Nahum Goldmann, may
have a meeting with Palestine Liberation Organization chief
regretted he had to take the step.
Klutznick noted that
Goldmann had said that one
of the reasons he resigned as
WJC president was to be a
free man and able to meet
with whom I want."
Klutznick said that, as
WJC president, he did not
feel inhibited from meeting
anyone he wanted to meet,
but that at this time when
there is excessive heat, ex-
citement and confusion over
the PLO, Palestinians, and
the pending issues in the
Security Council, it is a
highly questionable judg-
ment for the former
president of the World
Zionist Organization as
well as the World Jewish
Congress to hold such meet-
Klutznick added that
"any encouragement of
the PLO program as
enunciated by Arafat is
in direct contravention of
resolutions adopted by
the plenary of the World
(Continued on Pdge 5)
Injection of the PLO issue into interracial relations in this country and the creation of a
black-Jewish issue was resented in Jewish ranks, whose spokesmen defined the background as well
as continuity of Jewish affiliation with - the defenders of all civil rights tasks in this country.
The NAACP locally proposed a "moratorium" on the dispute. Horace Sheffield, president of the
Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, in a letter to the NAACP, called "for a moratorium by blacks and
Jews on any further debate or posturing in respect to any aspect of Ambassador Andrew Young's
resignation until a complete and honest disclosure of all the circumstances and facts involved can be
Jewish leaders expressed resentment over the legitimizing of the murderous PLO and the injury
thus inflicted upon the traditional U.S.-Israel friendship.
Concern was shown over demonstrations such as Monday's protest outside the Israeli Consulate
and the Israel Mission to the United Nations in New York, in which about 150 blacks, American
Arabs and their sympathizers chanted slurs against Jews and the state of Israel. Such demonstra-
tions, it is contended, exacerbate- rather than heal wounds via a "moratorium."
(Detailed accounts of the week's developments on Page 56.)
Mission to Egypt
Diverted by Cairo
JERUSALEM (JTA) — The first United
Jewish Appeal premier's mission to fly di-
rectly from Israel to Egypt did not take off
Tuesday. Instead, the mission flew to Ophira
(Sharm El-Sheikh), the Israeli town built on
the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, to be
handed over to the Egyptians at the end of
the Israeli withdrawal from Sinai.
The earlier plan for an Egypt visit was
cancelled Monday night by the Egyptians.
They said that at this stage of the peace
process no Israeli planes should fly directly
The UJA leaders were scheduled to go to
Egypt aboard an Israel Air Force plane,
(Continued on Page 5)
Analysis of Thorny Issue
(Editor's Note: The following is an open letter
to Thelma Thomas Davis, president of the predo-
minantly black sorority, Delta Sigma Theta, from
Murray Zuckoff, editor of the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, in response to her statement before a con-
vention of her organization.)
By MURRAY ZUCKOFF
NEW YORK (JTA) — As one who participated in
numerous civil rights demonstrations and marches I
read with sorrow and with pain your statement to some
6,000 delegates and visitors at the annual convention of
the Delta Sigma Theta in New Orleans a few days after
Andrew Young resigned as U.S. Ambassador to the
In your address as president of that predominantly
black sorority organization you said, in part: "We have
been patient and forbearing in their (Jews) masquerad-
4118,000 Falashas: A Tragic Jewish Remnant
By DVORA WAYSMAN
World Zionist Press Service
JERUSALEM — In Ethiopia,.there is a small tribe.called the Falashas, which means in Ge'ez language, "stranger" or
"exile." They call themselves "Beta Esroel" (House of Israel). They are the remnant — only 28,000 remain — of an ethnic
group that once was estimated at a million.
According to their tradition, they originated from the notables of Jerusalem who accompanied Menelik, son of King
Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, when he returned to his country. A secular theory is that they are of Hamitic (Cushitic)
origin belonging to the Agau family of tribes which already formed a part of the Ethiopian population prior to the
settlement of Semitic tribes from southern Arabia. This theory maintains that Judaism reached them through Egypt, or.
from Jews living in Ethiopia who assimilated into the local population.
Israel's chief Ashkenazic rabbi, Shlomo Goren, and chief Sephardic rabbi, Ovadia Yosef, have re-affirmed the
Jewishness of this black tribe. Even in the 16th Century, the Radbaz (Rabbi David ibn Zimra of Cairo) declared that the
Falashas are "of the seed of Israel, the Tribes of Dan." When Rabbi Goren met last winter with a new group who had
arrived in Israel, he said, "You are our brothers; you are our blood and our flesh. You are true Jews. Rabbi Kook said so.
You have returned to your homeland."
The Falashas have been separated froth mainstream Judaism since the destruction of the First Temple and
had no knowledge of later developments — the Talmud, Midrashim, Purim, Hanuka, etc. They base their
religion on 24 books of the Bible, some Apocrypha books, Enoch and Jubilees. Some traditions corresponding
(Continued on Page 6)
(Continued on Page 56)