JEWISH NEWS (USPS 275-5'20(
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Associate News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the second day of Elul, 5739, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deuteronomy 16:18-21:9. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 51:12-52:12.
Candle lighting, -Friday, Aug. 24, 8:01 p.m.
VOL. LXXV, No. 25
Friday, August 24, 1979
EVOLUTION IN EDUCATION
'Population trends, changing social condi-
tions, the effects of the lowering birth rate and
numerous other related factors receive serious
consideration in the education study conducted
by the Jewish Welfare Federation of Detroit.
Evolutionary changes have their influence
upon the conditions evaluated and the conclu-
sions reached undoubtedly will have their ef-
fects on the policies to be pursued henceforth.
While the obligations now emerging as evolu-
tionary are the results of drastic changes that
have taken place, the total changing conditions
are revolutionary if tested by a time element
commencing with the genesis of what had been
viewed as the community educational system.
When the United Hebrew Schools came into
being the families were larger, the Jewish
neighborhoods were not scattered but were
closely knit, the school week was longer and
there were lesser interferences with oppor-
tunities for maximum Jewish educational pro-
Through the years there also developed the
congregational school systems and another
qualified school system came into being on a
larger scale, and also with criteria that had a
special appeal for parents affiliated with
In the process of developing day schools, an-
other especially effective appeal for
maximalized educational processes emerged,
offering a new challenge to the afternoon school.
The new conditions are closely linked not only
with neighborhoods, with the compulsion that
arose to reduce the afternoon school from five to
three or even two days a week.
The low birth rate in Jewish ranks resulted in
a decline in school enrollments.
These are the developments in the changing
times that needed an over-all study of the com-
munity's needs and of the changes that must be
made due to the drastic evolutions.
There were years during which the needs for
day schools were considered debatable and
there was opposition to them. The competitive
spirit between the community and congrega-
tional schools also had their effects on the think-
ing of the leadership responsible for assuring
the best that can be provided in Jewish school-
The study, whose results must be applied in
the best interests of educational prdgramming,
could not and did not overlook the factors affect-
ing current conditions.
It is evident that all the elements in educa-
tional programming are taken into view for fu-
Day schools now are of major importance, the
congregational and communal schools must
work cooperatively with them. A new era, al-
ready anticipated by the pragmatic, now will
hopefully become a reality.
Basic to the discussion of these issues is the
retention of priorities for the Jewish school.
With this in view, the results of the education
study, their proper and realistic application, are
certain to redound to the benefit of the children
and the satisfaction of parents and the commu-
nity at large.
VOICES NOT TO BE SILENCED
American Jewry's voice has never been si-
lenced when kinsmen were in danger, when jus-
tice for the oppressed demanded action, when
bigotry threatened the conscience of men.
Perhaps there was a lull in action in the pre-
sent critical period in the history of the re-
deemed Jewish state. The extent of anti-Israel
propaganda in recent months, the brazen
spread of poison by pro-PLO supporters in this
country, the shocking extent of abuse of Israeli
leaders, primarily Israel's prime minister, have
awakened the lethargic. The Jewish voice pro-
testing legitiMacy for the PLO, under the guise
of supporting Palestine, is more resonant now
that the tactics of poison spreaders are becom-
Palestinians are not, have not been, objects of
Israeli scorn. Palestinians are Arabs living in
Israeli-administered „territory who are offered
autonomy and in whose behalf Israel is
negotiating many advantages in the peace
negotiations with Egypt.
Jews also are Palestinians and the origin of
tens-of thousands of them is Palestinian. They
lived with the Arabs in Palestine and have be-
come Israelis with the redemption of Jewish
The PLO represents the destructive, the ter-
rorist and the venomous whose tactics are di-
rected at undermining Israel's very existence
and in the process would annihilate every ves-
tige of decency in the entire Middle East,
thereby affecting the freedoms of the Arabs.
They have spread their venom world-wide,
have affected the security of peoples in many
lands with their brutalities and have earned the
contempt of decent people everywhere.
It is because their poison has enveloped large
areas that they must be prevented from attain-
ing recognition in this country.
It is reasonable to believe that Andrew
Young, a life-long libertarian, would not coun-
tenance silence when a people's security is at
stake. On this score it would be hoped that he
would not encourage PLOism, and that he, too,
would encourage protest when that is a means
of rejecting oppression and genocidal tactics.
. Defending his country's latest act in giving
credibility to the PLO, Ahmet Ersoy, the Tur-
kish press counselor in Washington, claimed
that 90 countries have already given recogni-
tion to the PLO. All the more reason for concern.
All the more reason for action. Therefore, all the
more reason to mobilize public opinion, to alert
the American people to the dangers stemming
from the PLO, to its menacing effects upon the
basic American principles of fairness. There-
fore, the urgency to let the President, the State
Department, all responsible American officials
and legislators know that any semblance of
recognition for the PLO is a danger to the peace
of the Middle East and the entire world and an
insult not only to Israel and the Jewish people
but to all humanity.
15 Eminent Philosophers
Honor Dr. Isaiah Berlin
Dr. Isaiah Berlin is one of the world's most eminent philosophers.
He has gained distinction in England, has been knighted, labored
closely with the leaders in Zionism, wrote extensively on matters
relating to Israel. He was the first president of Wolfson College,
Oxford, 1966-1975; president of the British Academy, 1974-1978;
professor of social theory at Oxford, and held many other important
On the occasion of his 70th birthday, June 6, 1979, Oxford Uni-
versity Press published "The Idea of Freedom," containing essays by
15 noted philosophers, paying him honor for his leadership as an
academician, as an author, as a philosopher, liberty always having
been the central theme in his writings and lectures.
The volume was edited by Alan Ryan, fellow and tutor in politics
at New College, Oxford.
In his informative essays describing the ideol-
ogy of Sir Isaiah's approaches to his teachings,
Dr. Ryan refers to his Zionist involvements. He
mentions the three important essays by Isaiah
Berlin, on Moses Hess, Chaim Weizmann and
Lewis Namier. Dr. Ryan calls them "essays of
three very remarkable men," and adds:
"But they are also studies in the strange
phenomena of Jewishness, that is to say, in the
sense that a running theme of the essay on Moses
Hess is just the way in which Hess' Jewishness
defied the rationalist analysis to which he sup-
posed it must yield. The whole subject of national
identity and national character, not simply in its modern Zionist
shape, is, of course, another permanent concern of Berlin's work, and
one which reflects his willingness to cross the conventional academic
The contributors to this volume, the 15 .participating
philosophers, are: G.A. Cohen, Patrick Gardiner, Peter Gray, Stewart
Hampshire, H,L.A. Hart, James Joll, Robin Milner-Gulland, Arnaldo
Moniglaino, Larry Siedentop, Charles Taylor, Franco Benturi, Mor-
ton White, Bernard Williams, Robert Wokler and Richard Woolheim.
The topics of their essays relate to capitalism, the proletariat,
politics, the historic lessons of freedom and the libertarian struggles -
Numerous Photographs, Brier
Story in Children's Book
"Shabbat Can Be" has more photos than story. In fact, this large
book for children published .by the Union of American Hebrew Con-
gregations can be read by an adult in less than five minutes. The
many pictures provide lots of entertainment for the very young
readers. Therefore, the primary role in authorship belongs to the
illustrator, Yuri Salzman.
The story is by Rabbi Raymond A. Zwerin, the founding rabbi of
Temple Sinai, Denver, Colo., and Audrey Friedman Marcus, editor of
Alternatives Magazine and past director of education at Temple
Micah in Denver.
"Shabbat Can Be" a joy commencing with candle lighting,
kidush, the many joys of Sabbath observance. The glories of the day of
rest are soon learned in the brevity of the narrative. The photos are for
the very young and a delight and encouragement for Sabbath obser-