U.S. Congressmen Ask Argentina to Release Jacobo Timerman
NEW YORK — Eighteen Congressmen, representing a wide political spectrum,
have spoken out in the House of Representatives for freedom for imprisoned Argentine
publisher Jacobo Timerman. The bipartisan effort is aimed at "demonstrating the.sin-
cere and strong support of the U.S. Congress for Jacobo Timerman, . . . (who is a)
champion of the cause of human rights in and outside of . . . Argentina," Rep. Benjamin
A. Gilman (R-N.Y.) told the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith. The ADL awarded
Timerman, founder of the Buenos Aires daily La Opinion, its Hubert H. Humphrey
Freedom Prize on June 17, an award accepted by the publisher's son, Hector. Rep. Gilman
is one of several Congressmen who have met the publisher since his arrest.
Other Representatives who criticized Timerman's continued imprisonment include,
Robert F. Drinan (D-Mass.), who met the publisher prior to his arrest. He said that "It is
incumbent upon us to do everything we can to benefit Mr. Timerman and his family."
Rep. Drinan said it is his hope that the publisher, with Congress' help, would soon be able
to accept the ADL award "personally."
John H. Rousselot (R-Calif.) noted that both the Argentine Supreme Court and a
1.itary tribunal had dismissed all charges against Timerman. He said the U.S. "must
11113 ke it known" to Argentina that "we are aware of their actions and that America is
going to continually be alert to those kinds of injustices." Robert J. Lagomarsino (R-
Calif.) said that "by restoring Mr. Timerman's freedom, the Argentine government will
have taken a big step toward fairer treatment of human beings . . . ."
Frank Thompson, Jr. (D-N.J.) noted that "despite the blindness in one eye
and the deteriorating condition in the other . . . it is in fact vision that makes
Jacobo a prisoner . . . . He has presented his insights in his highly regarded
newspaper . . . . As publisher and editor, he supported the truthful reporting of
the news without fear of those to whom the truth might be distasteful."
Mrs. Gladys Noon Spellman (D-Md.), reminding her colleagues of the Holocaust era,
declared, "Once again we are witnessing the tyranny of a government as it singles out a
segment of its people for abuse. Jacobo Timerman is but one example — one symbol. Will
we remain silent again? Never again can we ignore the plight of our brothers and sisters.
Gus Yatron (D-Pa.), chairman of the subcommittee on inter-American affairs, said
he is "hopeful that the Argentine government will act expeditiously to release Jacobo
Timerman into exile."
Other representatives who spoke on freedoni for the publisher are: Silvio 0. Conte
(R-Mass.), Christopher J. Dodd (D-Conn.), Charles F. Dougherty (R-Pa.), Willis D.
Gradison, Jr. (R-Ohio), Norman F. Lent (R-N.Y.), George M. O'Brien (R-Ill.), Richard L.
Ottinger (D-N.Y.), Peter A. Peyser (D-N.Y.), Benjamin S. Rosenthal (D-N.Y.), Henry A.
Waxman (D-Calif.) and Lester L. Wolff (D-N.Y.).
Remarks of the Congressmen and other material pertinent to the Timerman case
make up 10 pages of the June 21 Congressional Record.
A Major Task
HE JEWISH NEWS
Commentary, Page 2
Editorials, Page 4
VOL. LXXV, No. 22 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833 $12.00 Per Year: This Issue 30c
Aug. 3, 1979
Pol_icing Sinai Issue Delayed
Concern Over Carter Pledge
Moslems Invade Vacant
Synagogue in Holland
AMSTERDAM (JTA) — The vacant former main Ashkenazi
synagogue in The Hague has been occupied by some 100 Turkish Moslems
who want to use it as a prayer hall, particularly during the month of
Ramadan. They claim that the prayer hall they now use in The Hague is
unsuitable and moreover a fire hazard.
After the occupation of the synagogue by the Turkish Moslems last
Friday afternoon the prayer hall burned down. It is suspected that some of
the Turkish Moslems set fife to the hall themselves.
The municipality will allow the Turkish Moslems to stay in the
vacant synagogue for the time being. They are prepared to leave if
they are offered -other accommodations. Meanwhile, they have re-
moved the pews and placed them in the courtyard and covered the
floor with prayer carpets.
The synagogue, which is more than 150 years old, was abandoned a
few years ago since it was too large for the present Jewish congregation. In
addition, most worshippers had moved to outlying neighborhoods. The
Ashkenazi congregation bought a former Protestant church in Be-
zuidenhout for use as the synagogue and community center.
The Ashkenazi congregation had intended to cover the costs of the
purchase and alteration of its new building by selling the old synagogue
but as this was on the list of government protected monuments which
cannot be demolished, it was unable to find a buyer.
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan will go to Washington next week
instead of this week as originally announced, for talks with Secretary of State Cyrus Vanfce on
the nature of the future peace-keeping force in Sinai. He delayed his departure, officials
explained, in order to exchange views with Egyptian Foreign -Minister Boutros Ghali who is
due in Israel next week for a session of the autonomy negotiations.
Dayan was invited by Vance for the purpose of resolving the dispute between Israel and
the U.S. over the proposal to substitute a United Nations Truce Supervisory Organization
(UNTSO) force for the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) to oversee Israel's phased
withdrawal from Sinai. Egypt was also invited to participate and Ghali is expected to join
Dayan in Washington for the discussions with Vance. Egypt has not yet accepted the
Meanwhile, the joint Israeli-Egyptian military committee, meeting in Tel Aviv,
agreed to extend its functions to cover all activities that would have been entrusted to
UNEF or another multi-national force. The joint committee also agreed to establish
better communications between the Israeli and Egyptian generals that head it. They
will be connected in the future by a telephone "hot line" and there will also be direct
telephone connections between the Israeli and Egyptian commanders in the field.
The Cabinet had approved Dayan's trip. Most ministers are deeply disturbed by the
planned replacement of UNEF by UNTSO which the Security Council endorsed on July 24
after the UNEF mandate expired under threat of a Soviet veto. The proposal emerged from
behind-the-scenes negotiations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union at the UN.
Energy Minister Yitzhak Modai summed up the Cabinet's opinion when he said the Sinai
issue was seen as a vital test of American credibility.
He noted that President Carter, in a letter accompanying the Israeli-Egyptian peace
(Continued on Page 5)
.New U of M President: In Era of Academic Justice
By DR. WILLIAM HABER
(Adviser to the executive officers and
former dean, College of Literature, Science
and the Arts, University of Michigan)
The selection of Dr. Harold Shapiro as president of the
University of Michigan is an exciting and significant de-
velopment. Dr. Shapiro, is of course, an academic personal-
ity of exceptional competence and his performance at the
University of Michigan since he joined the faculty over a
decade ago has been most impressive. The action of the
Board of Regents was therefore, "natural" and in the view
of many observers, including myself, was expected.
What is especially to be noted is the fact that Prof.
Shapiro's religious affiliation did not seem to enter into
consideration. The selection was made on its merits, and
the qualms of yesteryear about appointing a Jew to the
highest post in one of the most distinguished universities in
the country was not an obstacle.
That fact alone should be of more than passing interest
to the American Jewish community. A vast change has
hardly an obstacle to his appointment and the number of
Jewish professors in the College of Literature, Science and
the Arts and the other 15 colleges in the university prob-
ably exceeds 250.
When I was desigriated as dean of the Literary College,
the largest in the university, in 1963, the appointment
received national attention and it was noted in the Jewish
communities since Jews, especially those involved in
Jewish affairs, were not chosen for top academic appoint-
I recall that when I came ments. Now the president of this university is a Jew and is
to the University of Michi- identified as such and active in the Beth Israel Synagogue.
The Michigan development is not isolated. The past
gan as a full professor in
1936 I was only the third president of the University of Chicago and the present
Jewish professor on the fa- president of the University of Pennsylvania are but two_of
culty. Prof. Isaiah Leo the considerable number of academic institutions whose
Sharfman was chairman of top post is held by a Jew.
What is true of top academic leadership is no less true
the Economics Department,
the only Jew who held such of professorial appointments. Their number is significant
a high post in the univer- and gives strength to our hopes that the criteria of merit is
sity. Today, the religious af- less downgraded by . religious and ethnic considerations
filiation of a - professor is than in the past.
taken place in a few decades. When I came to what was then
Michigan State College (now Michigan State University)
in 1927 as an associate professor of economics, I was the
only Jewish member of that
institution and my "Hebrew
origin" was a problem
which delayed my appoint-
DR. HAROLD SHAPIRO