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July 20, 1979 - Image 23

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1979-07-20

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


Friday, July 20, 1919 23

Israeli Journalist, Survivor Writes Book on Auschwitz Children


The Jewish News Special
Israel Correspondent

Hell," is,the name of a book,
which was published re-
cently in Israel by Israeli

writer Inge Deutschkron, a
reporter for Maariv, who
lived during World War II
in Nazi Germany under
false identification.
Inge told me, that as long
as she lives, she will re-
member the hell of Au-
schwitz. During the period
of the Auschwitz trial, she
had collected material
about the surviving chil-
dren. One of them told her,
that once when Jewish chil-
dren were assembled on the
football ground of the camp
before being sent to the gas
chambers, one of the chil-
dren said: "I have no fear.
Above, it means in heaven-,
it can only be better . . ."
Dr. Otto Wulkan of Vie-
nna worked during the


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Holocaust' as a physician in Inge was a child of 10 years
Auschwitz. The book is in Berlin. For seven years
comprised of testimony she and her mother, who
about his work in the camp were living in the German
capital during World War II
treating Jewish children.
Josef Leineman ar- with forged papers, did not
rived in Auschwitz at age know anything about the
14. He told the author: "I fate of her father, who was a
remember how 2,000 teacher and fled to England
children were assembled because of his political ac-
on the football ground at tivities.
A German neighbor fam-
the order of Dr. Mengele.
He approached a blond ily risked -hiding Inge and
Jewish boy and asked her mother in their apart-
him: 'How old are you?' ment. Inge joined the un-
`18 years,' the boy an- derground movement with
swered. Mengele shouted the aid of her Socialist
at him: 'I shall show you'. friend Istrowsky. With the
He ordered to measure aid of a Jew, she had connec-
the height of several chil- tions, she obtained a work-
dren by sticking a piece card in the name of Gertrud
Drezewsky and could keep
of wood in the wall.
"Children, who did not her mother. They had to
reach the height of the wood change their apartments
stick, were put aside, in from time to time out of fear .
order to send them to the that somebody would betray
gas chambers. Each child them to the Gestapo.
made strenuous efforts to
appear taller, in order to
reach the height of the stick.
The brother of Josef Leine-
man, who was present, tried Israeli Prime Minister
to save the life of Josef. He Menahem Begin reported
put stones in his shoes, in after his two-day summit
order to make him look tal- with Egyptian President
ler, but it was difficult to Anwar Sadat in Alexandria
walk with stones in the last week that Sadat prom-
shoes. Josef's brother tore ised to grant exit visas to
his hat and put pieces of it in Egyptian Jews who want to
the shoes, so that Josef visit their families in Israel.
would be able to walk.
Begin reported that the
"I was standing for 10 Egyptians are surveying
minutes near the stick of the possibility of reopening
wood," Josef Leineman said. the old railroad line be-
still had hope'. He ap- tween Cairo and Lod in Is-
peared taller than his rael which was an impor-
natural size and was saved. tant rail junction before
But about 1,000 children, 1948.
who could not reach the
It was reported that
necessary height were sent Begin and Sadat, at Sadat's
by Dr. Mengele to the gas insistence, were on a first-
name basis during the
Her experience in Nazi Alexandria talks.
Germany induced Inge
The Israeli press plane
Deutschkron to write her that followed Begin's
first book "Bonn- plane from Alexandria
Jerusalem" on the relations carried the first Egyptian
between Germany and Is- Jews to benefit • from
rael and on the indemnity Sadat's promise of exit
payments for the Nazi vic-
Diplomatic Ties
The book "I Saw Hell"
was translated into 14 Between Israel,
languages, among them Zaire Restored
Japanese. The book is
comprised of children's'
songs and drawings, basis for renewing diploma-
which were made by tic relations between Israel
children who were sent to and Zaire was laid here last
the gas chambers. The weekend when Yeruham
author has been collect- Meshel, secretary general of
ing those songs and Histadrut, signed an
agreement with Mogoakam
draivings for years.
The wife of the Israeli Mogo, head of the trade
President, Mrs. Ofira Na- union movement in Zaire, to
von, who is the chairman of resume immediate coopera-
the International Chil- tion betwen the two labor
dren's Day in Israel, took federations.
Diplomatic relations be-
upon herself the mission to
raise the necessary money twen the countries were
for the Hebrew translation broken by Zaire during the
of the book. The Maariv re- Yom Kippur War.
Mogo, a graduate of the
porter has consented to
translate the book from Histadrut-sponsored
French into Hebrew with- Afro-Asian Institute that
operated in Israel for stu-
out payment.
Another Maariv reporter, dents and labor leaders
Josef Chrust, translated the from Afro-Asian countries,
children's songs from Polish told Meshel that his mission
'into Hebrew. The typists of to Israel was approved by
the newspaper volunteered Zaire's prime minister who
to type the manuscript graduated from the insti-
tute in the 1960s.
without payment.
The agreement calls for
The third book of Inge
Deutschkron, which was Histadrut to help promote
published recently bears vocational training in
the title: "I Wore the Yellow Zaire. Meshel said he is
Star." In this book she de- convinced the agreement
scribes her life in Germany will help restore relations
during the years 1933-1946. between Israel and Zaire.

When the Allied troops
entered Berlin before the
end of the war, Inge met a
British soldier, whom she
told about her father. The
soldier promised to for-
ward a letter of hers to his
old address. In this way
she succeeded in getting
in touch with her father.
After a while, she and her
mother were allowed to
go to England to meet her
father. She stayed in
England for eight. years.
She received a temporary
permit to stay in England
as a citizen of an enemy
country. She had to re-
port every few days in the
police office and was not
allowed to accept a job.
Inge finished her studies
in a high school in England
and was active in the Labor
Party. She once met the late
Israeli Socialist leaders

Moshe Sharett and Reuven
Barkat. She was sent by the
Labor Party to Eastern
Asia. She visited India,
Burma and Nepal and gave
speeches. In 1954 in Burma
she met the Israeli ambas-
sador David Hacohen, who
advised her to visit Israel.
She came to Israel and be-
came the German corre-
spondent for Maariv.
For 14 years Inge fulfilled
her journalistic duties in
Bonn. Seven years ago she
came as an immigrant to Is-
rael and became a member
of the editorial staff of
Maariv. For 30 years she
collected the material for
her latest book "I Wore the
Yellow Star." She told us ;
that from time to time she
had to interrupt her writ-
ing, because the memories
of the horrible time and its
suffering became too great.

Egyptian Jews Plan Israel Visit

visas. They were Robert
Dassa, a 46-year-old tele-
vision reporter who
spent 14 years in an
Egyptian prison for
membership in an Israeli
spy ring that attempted
various acts of sabotage
in Egypt in 1954 and now
lives in Alexandria; his
sister Awda and her
three daughters.
They were received by
Begin in Alexandria and ac-
cepted his invitation to
come to Israel to visit other
members of their family.
"The President (Sadat) told
me that any Egyptian will-
ing to visit his family in Is-
rael could do so with no hin-
drance," Begin had told
On leaving Alexandria
Airport, Begin was escorted
by Vice President Hosni
Mubarak who said the talks

were going in the right di-
rection. We hope that with
these meetings and contacts
we shall make progress," he
Begin's departure was ac-
companied by full military
honors and a warm send-off
by the Egyptians. His visit
was somewhat less drama-
tic than his previous visits.
to Egypt but appeared no
less important in terms of
developing relations be-
tween the two countries.

Begin achieved a recon-
ciliation with Prime Minis-
ter Mustapha Khalil who
hosted a dinner for him last
night. Relations between
the two had soured ever
since Begin refused to fly to
Washington earlier this
year to meet him and
President Carter in the ab-
sence of Sadat.

'Fish Cookery' Book
Has Lo-Cal Recipes

Calorie counters will be
interested in a new collec-
tion of fish recipes appear-
ing • in "International Fish
Cookery" by Lou Pappas,
published by 101 Prod-
uctions. A total of 200 re-
cipes have been adapted for
low-calorie meals.
The recipes, utilizing 36
varieties of fish and
shellfish, range from ap-
petizers, soups and salads,
to luncheon, supper and
main-course dishes. The
latter are organized in
chapters according to the
methods of cookery. These
inclnde sauteeing and stir-
frying, grilling and broil-
ing, poaching and steaming
and baking.
Pappas introduces the
subject of fish cookery with
general cooking informa-
tion and specific in-
structions on buying, stor-
ing, cleaning and cutting-
up different varieties of sea-
The book concludes with a
guide to the characteristics
of some 120 species of fish
most commonly found in the
United States, along with
notes on their geographic

and seasonal availability,
when applicable.
Pappas lists 74 popular
varieties of seafood ac-
cording to their leanness
or fattiness. There is even
a nutritional chart giving
the calories, proteins,
carbohydrates, minerals
and vitamins contained
in major types of fish and
The non-kosher elements
in this book can easily be
ignored, but in its totality
this is a most impressive
ind most valuable guide for
ish cooking.

MiG Detector

tion Week and Space
Technology magazine re-
ported that Israel downed
six Syrian MiGs in its re:
cent dogfight over Lebanon
arid damaged a seventh
using six F-15s and four
Kfir C2 aircraft.
Israel reportedly used a
command aircraft which de-
tected the MiGs while they
were on takeoff roll. Five of
the MiGs were shot down by
the F-15s.

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