THE JEWISH NEWS
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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association
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CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Associate News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 12th day of Tammuz, 5739, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Numbers 19:1-25:9. Prophetical portion, Micah 5:6-6:8.
Thursday, Fast of the 17th of Tammuz
Pentateuchal portion, Exodus 32:11-14, 34:1-10. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 55:6-56:8 (afternoon only).
Candle lighting, Friday, July 6, 8:52 p.m.
VOL. LXXV, No. 18
Friday, July 6, 1979
JERUSALEM THE CAPITAL
In helplessness, over the energy crisis, as long the ministries are headquartered there. The
as the Arabs control most of the oil market, historic links are unbreakable and they were
anything is possible as a submission to the pres- forged in Jerusalem, the capital of Israel.
Jerusalem has been involved politically by
sures that come from the operators of the oil
wells. Is it any surprise, therefore, that another Israel's enemies. There is nothing new about
campaign pledge is being menaced — this time such efforts to harm the Jewish state. There are
the Canadian for a transfer of that country's also the moral issues, of just rights, of common
decencies in human relations. In spite of prom-
embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem?
To save face, the newly-elected government ises that were shared by world powers, the Jews
headed by Prime Minister Joe Clark doesn't say were denied the right to worship at the holiest of
it will refuse to adhere to the campaign pledge. places traced in their history by Arab fanati-
It merely asks for time — for fact-finding. What cism to which Christian silence gave accord.
When Jews assumed an administrative role in
facts will a..selected committee look for?
When President Carter raised the question in Jerusalem, all aspects of prejudice were wiped
Jerusalem some months ago, regarding the cap- out and freedom was instituted for all faiths. It
ital of Israel, Prime Minister Begin said to is this freedom that is perpetuated in Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel. It is this highest of prin-
him: "What else is the capital of Israel?"
It was in the 1976 Democratic platform, and a ciples that will be retained in Jerusalem, the
pledge to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital capital.
The historical right -of Israel to Jerusalem
Before he became President, Gerald Ford was will not and can not be erased. It is undeniable,
emphatic about Jerusalem as the capital of Is- irrevocable, indestructible. But as long as oil
rael. The influence of the State Department in and prejudice combine in an effort to interfere
with Israel's historic right, difficulties will con-
that regard is on the record.
While the pressures from Arab sources and tinue on Jerusalem's road and Israel and Jewry
submissive international diplomats continue, a will have the battle on their hands to prevent
solid government functions in Jerusalem. All interference with justice for Jerusalem, the cap-
that a government needs is in Jerusalem. All ital.
A SERMON TO AMERICA
Accepting the National Brotherhood Citation
from the National Conference of Christians and
Jews, at a recent conference, President Jimmy
Carter declared that America still has many
obligations to meet, despite progress already
recorded, "to set our standards high." The
President's challenge curiously was overlooked
in the maze of many disputes that have rocked
this nation in recent weeks. His challenge, to
the religious leaders and to the parenthood of
America, was blunt. He stated:
"Our nation, so wealthy, still has a lower
and lower standard of morality, families are
disintegrating, the institution of marriage
scorned and ridiculed by many, the unity of our
nation threatened as each person becomes more
self-sufficient and more doubtful about the effi-
cacy of institutions which we in the past have
held so dear."
It is like a sermon to America, a warning for
abandonment of the sins of the fathers as they
relate to the oncoming generations. It is the
Chief Executive's challenge to peoples of all
faiths to adhere to the highest principles of good
relationships among peoples. -
How are these aims to be achieved? The
President is concerned with the energy crisis,
with inflation, with the economic effects of the
country's ills upon the home, and therefore rela-
tions between parents and children.
What he told the National Conference of
Christians and Jews is an echo of appeals that
religious leaders have been called upon to bring
to their worshipers in religious sanctuaries.
When one speaks of shortcomings in schools, he
must take into account the decline in home
influence and the effects of economies upon the
masses whose youths witness affluence while
the majority struggles to catch up with the ris-
ing tides of uncontrolled inflationary trends.
The effects, therefore, are not only economic but
they also are felt in confrontations that often
emerge as racially imbued.
If the President did not have an immediate
solution it is because those who preceded him
with similar sermons had not succeded in
stemming the tide of decline in peoples' respon-
sibilities to each other. Time usually solves
these problems. Yet the President's admoni-
tions can be judged as fears and it may take
longer to resolve a nation's problems when they
are steeped in fears.
Abandonment by Israel of the irrigation proj-
ect in Nicaragua, conducted by Tahal, the Is-
raeli water company, adds another area of con-
cern to those affected by revolutionary threats
that affect the security and status of Israelis
What has happened is part of the global
tragedies. Unfortunately, the effects of such
events upon Jewish communities is more seri-
ous, especially since, as in Nicaragua, Jews,
who play leading roles in industry, are more
vulnerable to threats and attacks.
The Nicaraguan Jewish community of some
200 had a wholesome development. Its relation-
ship with Israel and Israeli causes has been
especially heatening and positive. It is to be
hoped that a peaceful solution in that area also
will renew confidence in the security of the
Poliakov's 'Harvest of Hate'
Solidarity With Israel
as Reaction to Holocaust
Schocken Books has reissued a volume dealing with the
Holocaust, in all its aspects, with emphasis on the Return to Israel
and the answer to the indignities of the past by the generation of
"Harvest of Hate" by Leon Poliakov, when first published in
France in 1951, moved the. English readers, when the volume was
published by Syracuse University Press in 1954, into a global best
seller. In its present Schocken form it retains its effects upon readers
seeking information about the Nazi horrors, the tribulations, the
resistance, the displaced persons camps, the trek towards Palestine
after the war and the movement toward Israel when the Jewish state
It is the "Jewish reaction" that has a basic influence to this day.
"All one sees is a confusing array of individual responses: Some
Jews reject their Judaism, are converted, and change their names;
others become Jewish nationalists and emigrate to Israel; still others
make no choice at all and go back to their pre-war life. Perhaps the
unique character of the bond that united these Jews is responsible for
this diversity. Since the bond was based on no community of interests
or ideas, having only a shaky foundation in long historical memories
which are chiefly memories of a long martyrdom, it was unlikely that
it could have resulted in any great collective resolution.
"However this may be, it is doubtless the existence of the state of
Israel that will be the new essential factor in the development of the
Jewish question in the years to come. One may even go so far as to
suggest, as some people have already done, that now the great reser-
voirs of East European Jews have dried up and the doors of Israel are
open wide to any Jew choosing the Zionist solution, a sharp separation
will take place between those who choose the Jewish nationality and
those who remain in their native lands and move further and further
away from Judaism.
"With the dispersion approaching its end, will the Jewish prob-
lem solve itself by simply ceasing to exist? Put in this way, the
problem has a false simplicity. It takes no account of the intensity of
the emotional associations that still bind the peoples of Europe to-
gether, and consequently, the Jews as well. Deeply rooted in per
hearts, these passions do not seem at all on the point of dying ct.
being absorbed. And as long as they persist, there will be excluded -
from these groups isolated individuals who will perpetuate the
Jewish psychology and conscience. But the Jewish reality has made a
choice: to create a homeland. This was its true response."
"Harvest of Hate" retains its vast importance as an historic
document in the foreword by one of the most eminent American
theologians of all time, the late Dr. Reinhold Niebuhr, who declared
in the first edition of this great work:
"My personal conviction is that the tragedy is too enormous to
permit us to treat it as a fund for whatever moral lessons we desire to
teach. I think one must read it with a contrite sense, transcending all
moral lessons, that it was our humanity that was capable under
certain historical conditions, of sinking to this inhumanity. We will
no doubt be diligent to avoid recreating the historical conditions
which made these noxious fruits possible. We will be assiduous in our
lessons on the brotherhood of mankind. But these lessons must not
allow us to exhaust the meaning of this terrible record of human
4 (1.11, 11-1111-,V1.