THE JEWISH NEWS
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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
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CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Associate News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the fifth day of Tammuz, 5739, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Numbers 16:1-18:32. Prophetical portion, I Samuel 11:14-12:22.
Candle lighting, Friday, June 29, 8:54 p.m.
VOL. LXXV, No. 17
Friday, June 29, 1979
can, therefore, be easily anticipated as turning
damagingly against Israel.
There is one threat, however, even when it
stems from the State Department, that cannot
be taken seriously. It is the repeated fear that
any move by Israel in the direction of a new
settlement or in creating a new defensive proj-
ect is inevitably charged as being an obstruction
to peace. This has been inapplicable to facts in
the practice of peace-making. An agreement
has been reached for a striving for peace and the
negotiations are being conducted on that basis.
' There is always the possibility that peace
talks can break down. Peace itself is a fragility
in human experience. Nevertheless, there are
facts of life that cannot be ignored. One of them
is the basis on which the negotiations are being
conducted between Israel and Egypt. They are a
recognition of a concession in the peace talks of
a' three-month halting in building new settle-
ments and the subsequent programming was to
be in the measure of discussions about the au-
tonomy to be provided for the Arabs in Israeli
It is difficult to foretell what the ultimate will
be in the negotiations. As long as they are not
interrupted, there is hope for amicability even
with those now aligned as Sadat's enemies in
Arab ranks. The settlements may remain a
major aspect of the continuing dispute over a
future yet to be determined for the right to free-
dom of population movements. This is related
to the creation of what is viewed as new settle-
ments not to be interfered with because they
relate to all peoples, to Jews seeking to establish
themselves in Arab areas, and Arabs likewise
finding abodes in Jewish areas.
Only the hasty resort to diplomatic interces-
sion in such matters, often with bitter interpre-
tations of the issues. This is what can become
seriously obstructive. This is what must be
avoided, the bitterness that emerges in conflicts
and belies friendships.
Israel's highest court proved the validity of
- The attitude of the U.S. State Department is
perhaps the most challenging in this conflicting democratic action and the need for patient and
matter. The moment a few score Jews settle in cautious deliberations. It is violence and the
threat of it that causes dismay. But by de-
an area adjacent to Arab cities or villages, the
American protest is the first to be heard, even liberating, the nation's needs can be ascer-
tained and proper decisions arrived at.
before any Arab leader has spoken. The balance
All issues involving serious differences of
opinion can be settled. Only where there are
threats and venomous intolerance does a con-
flict meet with difficulties which can turn into
The matter related to the new settlements in
Israel draws upon points of view of the utmost
seriousness. The advocates of the movement for
the establishment of new settlements are firm
in their insistence that their policies are consis-
tent with established decisions in the peace
plans, but more importantly, with the dire
needs for the nation's defensive purposes. The
opponents are embittered by it, and it is not a bit
surprising that many make it a party matter in
attacks upon Prime Minister Menahem Begin.
The line-up in the debate is interesting. The
president of the Conference of Presidents of
Major American Jewish Organizations and his
associates in a commission of nine Americans
visiting Israel are supporting the Israel gov-
ernment's settlements position. Ivan J. Novick,
president of the Zionist Organization of
America, holds the same view.
Joachim Prinz, a vice president of the World
Zionist Organization, unquestionably also a
loyal Zionist, warns against such a policy and is
very critical of Begin and his government's de-
termination to adhere to a policy of creating
settlements in all parts of the historic land of
The realism of Jewish spokesmen visiting Is-
rael, who emphasize that Israel's affairs must
be solved by Israel, demands recognition. But
there is also the aspect of public opinion, and
even if the American press exerts pressures that
have an appearance of prejUdice, the im-
pressions left on a world audience cannot be
ignored. Recognition of this may have an influ-
ence for pragmatism, while the right to act in
accordance with the necessities for security re-
main intact in Israel's sovereignty.
THE Rus s AN ENIGMA
In the course of the serious debate over SALT
II there may, inevitably, be included in the dis-
pute the issue of Most Favored Nation involve=
ments affected by the human rights interests
and the emigration uncertainties.
The SALT II controversy over military
superiority and the matter of secrecy that will
have to be pierced will be crucially debated. In
the process, the question of human rights will be
a serious aspect when judging the Russian men-
It is generally agreed, although not fully con-
ceded, especially in the USSR, that the Soviet
Union is in need of Most Favored Nation status
and will do all that is possible to attain it. Over
the MFN there may be disputes involving the
human rights emphases given by President
Carter. The human rights aspect affects emig-
ration. The right to emigrate also is related to
the tragedies imposed on dissidents, and the
release of the leaders among them, notable
Anatoly Shcharansky, is a matter of concern to
all who are interested in the struggle for just
rights by the protesters within Russia against
There is an enigma in the USSR official ap-
proaches to the issues. Human rights is not a
free commodity in the Soviet Union. Emigra-
tion, while there has been an increase in recent
months, still is a need to be pleaded for. Mean-
while, Russia needs and is certainly quietly
battling for MFN status. If this is a bargaining
element, it is to be hoped that in the long run the
freedom of dissidents and the 'rights of those
seeking emigration visas will not be sacrificed.
Singer's 'Nobel Lecture'
in Yiddish and English
A unique way of recognizing the newly-acquired glamor of the
Yiddish language is demonstrated in a very small book from the press
of Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
As publishers of the works of Isaac Bashevis Singer, they have
just issued the text of his Nobel Lecture in English under that title,
and its Yiddish text as "Die Nobel Rede."
The Yiddish portion starts the Yid-
dish way, from right to left, and the,,
title page also has the name of the
publisher, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, in
Yiddish. The text of the speech, of the
Nobel Rede, is in eight pages appear-
ing under the title "Iddish Leben — A
Muster far Ale Felker" — "Jewish Life
— a Pattern for All the Nations."
This little booklet of less than 40
pages, in cloth and paperback editions,
also contains the Nobel Prize citation
to Singer, a six-page essay, "The Work
of Isaac Bashevis Singer," by Prof.
Lars Cyllensten, permanent secretary
of the Swedish Academy, and Singer's
ISAAC B. SINGER
brief article "Why I Write for Chil-
Prof. Cyllensten's acclaim of Singer's work is, of course, signific-
ant because it is by a leader in the academy that awards the Nobel
In his evaluation of Singer and his works, Prof. Cyllensten stated
that -the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature produced "a
storehouse which has gathered fairy' tales and anecdotes, wisdom,
superstitions, and memories for hundreds of years past, through a
history that seems to have left nothing untried in the way of adven-
tures and afflictions."
Singer does not write exclusively for children, but he has
authored several stories for the youth. Therefore, his brief essay
assumes significance. This little essay reads:
Why I Write for Children
There are 500 reasons why I began to write for children,
but to save time I will mention only 10 of them.
Number 1. Children read books, not reviews. They don't
give a hoot about the critics.
Number 2. Children don't read to find their identity.
Number 3. They don't read to free themselves of guilt, to
quench their thirst for rebellion, or to get rid of alienation.
Number 4. They have no use for psychology.
Number 5. They detest sociology.
Number 6. They don't try to understand Kafka or "Fin-
Number 7. They still believe in God, thr family, angels,
devils, witches, goblins, logic, clarity, punctuation, and
other such obsolete stuff.
_ Number 8. They love interesting stories, not commen-
tary, guides, or footnotes.
Number 9. When a book is boring, they yawn openly,
without any shame or fear of authority.
Number 10. They don't expect their beloved writer to
redeem humanity. Young as they are, they know that it is not
in his power. Only the adults have such childish illusions.
Only the text of the Singer "Nobel Lecture," the "Rede," and the
title page of that portion of the booklet, are in Yiddish.