for Zionist Ties
Camp Ruth Given to Center
as New Day Camp Facility
on Radio Network
See story, Page 5
See story, Page 21
See story, Page 24
The Death Penalty
in the Jewish
U.S. Red Cross
Policy of Fairness
Toward Magen David
Adorn of Israel
Commentary, Page 2
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
VOL. LXXV, No. 10 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833 $12.00 Per Year: This Issue 30'
and the Curbing
Editorials, Page 4
May 11, 1979
Britain's Tory Regime Spells
Problems in Israel Relations
April Fool Holocaust
Article by Students
Gets ADL Complaint
NEW YORK (JTA) — The Anti-Defamation League of
Bnai Brith has lodged a complaint with Dr. Lloyd N. Peak,
school superintendent in Watkins Glen, N.Y., objecting to a
student newspaper article mocking the Holocaust.
According to Beth D. Randall, ADL's New York State
director, the reference about Jews in the April Fool's issue
of "Echo," student paper at Watkins Glen High School,
featured a new fast food menu consisting of "Beans Anne
Frank," "Holocaust and Cheese," "Fruit Jews," and
"Straight Jews." It also offered "a free swastika patch" and
"a toy gas mask (while supplies last)."
Ms. Randall said that to poke fun at the Holocaust in
the paper "seems to give blis-nket approval to anti-
Semitism among the students. Anne Frank was only
slightly younger than most of the students when she
was marched off to her death at Auschwitz. It is dif-
ficult to understand the humor in that act."
Inquiring what action as been taken in response to
the bigoted article, Ms. Randall suggested that Peak pro-
pose a course of Holocaust study in the Watkins Glen dis-
"It is essential," she observed, that the school system
take a stand in order to set the tone of brotherhood rather
than bigotry." She added that the aritcle "surpassed the
realm of a joke in bad taste" and could serve as an excellent
"example of raw anti-Semitism."
By MAURICE SAMUELSON
LONDON (JTA) — The contradictions of Britain's Middle East policy
are likely to be highlighted under the new Conservative government of
Unlike the Labor Party, the Conservatives have no deep sentimental
attachment to Israel and will be more hard nosed in pursuing Britain's
national interests and her traditional links with the Arab world. On-the
other hand, the Conservatives favor a tougher line against terrorism and
may be prepared to bracket the Palestine Liberation Organization with
the hated terrorists in Northern Ireland.
(Israel Prime Minister Menahem Begin will meet with the new
British prime minister in London on May 23, it was announced this
Lord Carrington, the new foreign secretary, shares a similar outlook
to the last Conservative who held the post, Sir Alec Douglas Home (now
Lord Home). In a famous speech in Harrogate in 1970, Home said Israel should hand back all of Sinai and
almost all the West Bank in exchange for peace. He also said the Palestine Arabs should be enabled to
express their political aspirations.
In the new House of Commons, foreign policy will be explained by Sir Ian Gilmour, a strong pro-Arab
sympathizer, who has joined the Cabinet as Lord Privy Seal.
On the other hand, both Mrs. Thatcher and Willaim Whitelaw, the home secretary and deputy
premier, are well disposed to Israel. Mrs. Thatcher was for many years the head of an Anglo-Israel
friendship group in her Finchley, London, constituency which has a sizeable Jewish population. Whitelaw
visited Israel early this year and is on record as saying Israel should keep the Golan Heights.
Yet both of them were members of the last Conservative government, under Edward Heath,
which at the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War blocked a shipment of ammunition bound for
Israel. Since then, a large pro-Israeli lobby has sprung up in the Conservative Party which claims
more Parliamentary members than its much older Labor Party counterpart.
Any changes in Middle East policy are likely to occur in the context of broader changes of foreign
policy. The Conservatives are more deeply committed to membership in the European Economic Commu-
nity than was Labor and will probably lay greater stress on an independent European foreign policy, while
(Continued on Page 6)
Tel Aviv U. Engineers Develop More Fuel-Efficient Car Engine
A prototype, fuel-efficient automobile engine is tested at Tel Aviv University.
TEL AVIV — A team of Tel Aviv University scientists has designed a new auto-
mobile engine which reduces gasoline consumption by 10-20 percent. The engine oper-
ates under the conventional principle (the Otto Cycle) under conditions of heavier power
requirement, and under a more efficient and thus less wasteful system (the Atkinson
cycle) under ordinary driving conditions, when less than a third of the maximum power,
on the average, is usually required.
The Atkinson cycle is approzimately 40 percent more thermally efficient than the
conventional Otto cycle. Its disadvantage, however, is that it provides less power for the
same size engine.
Thus an engine constructed solely on the Atkinson principle would have to
be larger than is practical in order to meet the requirements of the high power
load conditions. As engine size is a crucial factor in automobile design, auto-
mobiles have never been designed on the Atkinson principle.
Tel Aviv University scientists David Luria and Prof. Yehuda Taitel of the School of
Engineering have developed an engine which combines the advantages of the two
systems, alternating automatically to the most efficient system according to the power
requirements of the automobile. Instead of operation at partial power as the conventional
engine does, the engine is converted into the more efficient Atkinson cycle when less
power is required. This engine is approximately the same size and weight as the conven-
The engine output is not varied by a throttle as in the conventional engine, but by
controlling the timing of the intake valve to control the quantity of the charge induced
into the engine. When operating on the Atkinson cycle, unlike the Otto cycle, hot gases
are allowed to expand in the cylinder down to the atmospheric pressure, thus utilizing
fuel to fuller potential.
The Tel Aviv University engineers are currently in contact with several automobile
manufacturers about their development.
(Story on Israeli Alternative Energy Research, Page 64.)