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March 30, 1979 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1979-03-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, March 30, 1979 5

After 31 Years of War: An Israeli-Egyptian Peace Treaty Signed

(Continued from Page 1)
Begin of Israel and
President Arwar Sadat
of Egypt solemnly affixed
their signatures to the
documents of peace and
President Jimmy Carter
signed as witness on be-
half of the United States.
For Israel, its first treaty
of peace with an Arab state
came just two months shy of
31 years after its rebirth as

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a sovereign nation. For the
first time, an Arab govern-
ment formally recognized
Israel as a sovereign Jewish
state. The three leaders —
Carter, Sadat and Begin —
hailed the momentous
event, each in his own
words.
Carter, who was the
first to speak after the
signing, declared: "To-
day we celebrate a vic-
tory — not of a bloody
military campaign, but of
an inspiring peace cam-
paign. Two leaders who
will loom large in history
— Anwar el-Sadat and
Menahem Begin — have
conducted this campaign
with all the courage,
tenacity, brilliance and
inspiration of any gener-
als who ever led men and
machines on the field of
battle."
Sadat, who followed Car-
ter, said, "This is certainly
one of the happiest mo-
ments of my life. It is a his-
toric turning point of great
significance for all peace-
loving nations . . . . Today, a
new dawn is emerging out of
the darkness of the past. A
new chapter is being opened
in the history of co-
existence among nations,
one that is worthy of our

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spiritual values and civili-
zation."
Begin declared in his
speech, "Despite thb
tragedies and disappoint-
ments of the past, we must
never forsake that vision,
that human dream, that un-
shakeable faith. Peace is
the beauty of life; it is sun-
shine, it is the smile of a
child, the love of the mother,
the joy of the father, the to-
getherness of a family; it is
the advancement of men,
the victory of a just cause,
the triumph of right. Peace
is all these and more . ."
The Egyptian leader, in
his speech, omitted a pas-
-sage addressed to Carter
that appeared in his pre-
pared text: "No one is
more entitled to your
support and backing
than the Palestinian
people. A grave injustice
was inflicted upon them
in the past. They need a
reassurance that they
will be able to take the
first step on the road to
self-determination and
statehood. A dialogue be-
tween the United States
and the representatives
of the Palestinian people
will be a very helpful de-
velopment . ."
Begin introduced the only
moment of levity when he
said he agreed with Sadat
that Carter was an "un-
known soldier" in the cause
of peace, adding, to laughter
and applause, "as usual,

populations of the other to mark the day. Special
21 countries.
ceremonies and assemblies
Egyptians were saying in were held in every school,
Cairo that not since Sherif and many persons who took
Hussein of Mecca has any part in Israel's struggle for
Arab taken a political ac- independence appeared be-
tion of such historic impli- fore classes and youth
cations as has Sadat. Hus- groups, telling their per-
sein's act was to cast the lot sonal stories. President'Yit-
of the Arabs with the Allies zhak Navon, in a special ad-
in World War I.
dress to the nation, spoke in
The signing was cele- both Hebrew and Arabic.
brated in Israel with reli-
During the thanksgiving
gious services of thanksgiv- ceremony at the Western
ing at the Western Wall, Wall, violinist Yehudi
dancing in the streets of Is- Menuhin played a Bach
rael's major cities and pub- Prelude. In an interview
lic viewing of the treaty over the Israel Army Broad-
signing on large screens set casting Service, composer-
up in scores of cities and conductor, Leonard Berns-
towns.
tein said that he was glad
But despite the historic the peace treaty had been
moment, the general mood signed. "I have a dream that
throughout the country was one day I shall conduct Aida
subdued and even somber, near the pyramids with the
reflecting the concern of Israeli Philharmonic Or-
many Israelis over the risks chestra and with the
Israel is taking with accept-
ing the treaty's terms.
Some 1,200 members of
Daily—Hospital
`Si rfAk Sympathy
youth movements, sec-
'
ondary school pupils and
FRUIT
youth battalion members
BASKETS:
placed 160,000 red car-
• -r 3 Times Dailyx.
naitons on the graves of
Nation-Wide
Israelis — Jews, Druze,
Delivery
Bedouins and members
$ 15 95
of other minorities — who
_ • •
fell in battle since 1948.
RODNICK-
All public buildings in the
McINERNEY'S
country flew the Israeli flag

tian ballet troupe," he said.
But while Israel cele-
brated its first treaty with
an Arab nation, Arabs on
the West Bank staged a
general strike, declaring
Monday "a day of mourn-
ing." West Bank leaders bit-
terly condemned the
Egyptian-Israeli treaty,
saying that Sadat has bet-
rayed them.

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tonomy on the West Bank
Meanwhile, Syria and the and Gaza Strip will be ready
Soviet Union released a within six weeks and
joint communique in negotiations will then begin
Damascus and Moscow with Egypt, Premier
warning that the Nraeli- Menahem Begin said in a
Egyptian treaty would in- Washington interview pub-
crease tensions in the Mid- lished in Yediot Achronot
dle East. The communique on Wednesday. He. said the
followed three days of talks
11-member ministerial
in - Damascus between committee that he ap-
Soviet Foreign Minister pointed before he left for the
Andrei Gromyko and U.S. will begin working
President Hafez Assad of immediately on the details
Syria. It said that both and principles of autonomy
Syria and the USSR "firmly as Israel sees them.
reject separate deals and
"Within six weeks we
the attempts of imperialism shall be ready with our pro-
to expand its military posals and both teams = the
presence in the Middle East Israelis and Egyptians —
region under the guise of will meet alternately in El
the Israeli-Egyptian treaty" Arish and Beersheba to
which was "directed against negotiate the autonomy
Arab interests."
agreethent," Begin said. He
The ceremonies on the
noted that under the peace
White House lawn were
treaty with Egypt signed
marred by some 2,000
Monday "we have one year
demonstrators, many wear-
to conclude these negotia-
ing Arab headdress, shout-
tions."
ing anti-treaty slogans from
Begin established the
Lafayette Park across _ special committee to deal
Pennsylvania Ave.
with autonomy, under his
The treaty marked a personal chairmanship,
transition for Israel from for both practical and
a state of war to a state of political reasons. He
peace with its largest and proposed it at a Cabinet-
most powerful Arab meeting on March 19 in
neighbor after four full- part to avoid a protracted
scale wars, and a war of and bitter debate over
attrition. Egypt is the autonomy that could
only one of 22 Arab na- have delayed Cabinet
tions thus to make peace approval of the peace
with the Jewish state. But treaty and to mollify his
its population of 40 mil- coalition partner, the Na-
lion equals the combined tional Religious Party.

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