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February 09, 1979 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1979-02-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, February 9, 1919 1

THE DETROIT EWISH NEWS

New M.E. Peace Talks Expected Soon, But U.S. Favors Egypt

(Continued from Page 1)

circumstances.

But the White House
stated later that President
Carter would not undertake
such a venture unless both
sides showed greater flexi-
bility on the issues that
have blocked a peace treaty
to date. Presidential press
secretary Jody Powell said
that so far the requisite flex-
ibility has not been de-
monstrated.
It is believed that the new
ministerial-level talks will
deal with all of the out-
standing differences bet-
ween Israel and Egypt and
attempt to resolve them as a
package. This would be a
departure from the earlier
U.S. strategy of trying to
promote agreement on les-
ser issues before tackling
the main obstacles to a
peace treaty. Such an at-
tempt by President Carter's
special envoy Alfred Ather-
ton failed last month.
The U.S. invitation has
already triggered beneath-
the-surface discord within
the Cabinet regarding the
amount of authority to be
given to the negotiating
team under Foreign Minis-
ter Moshe Dayan. Dayan
has indicated to Begin that
he would demand broad
powers to engage in real
give-and-take negotiation.
But several ministers are
expected to demand in Sun-
day's Cabinet debate that
Dayan be barred from mak-
ing any concessions or
operative proposals without
the Cabinet approval .

Carter's two senior
Cabinet members made it
clear to Congress Mon-
day that his Administra-
tion bears a lukewarm at-
titute towards Israel's
strategic importance to
the U.S. and that it is di-
rectly supporting Egypt's
principle terms for an
Isareli-Egyptian peace
treaty. These points
emerge from testimony to
the House Foreign Af-
fairs Committee by
Vance and Defense Sec-
retary Harold Brown in
the Administration's ini-
tial presentation of its
$8.9 billion foreign aid
program for the fiscal
year which begins Oct. 1.

Vance testified the Carter
Administration favors link-
ing that settlement with the
establishment of Palesti-
nian Arab autonomy on the
West Bank and Gaza Strip.
This is a cardinal demand
by Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat but is strongly
opposed by ISrael which has
emphasized that such lin-
kage violates the Camp
David agreements that pro-
vide for separate
frameworks.
Later, Vance met for 40
minutes with Israeli Am-
bassador Ephraim Evron.
In his Congressional tes-
timony, Vance outlined the
Administration's positions
in response to a question
from the Committee's rank-
ing Republican, Rep. Wil-
liam Broomfibld of Michi-
gan, whd asked "where we
stand" on the Egyptian-
Israeli discussions. Vance

replied that "no tangible
progress" had occurred in
special U.S. Ambassador
Alfred Atherton's recent
12-day mission to Cairo and
Jerusalem. In those discus-
sions, Israel had agreed to
some Egyptian changes
while Egypt refused to
make any changes.
The secretary then said,
"We now have a clear un-
derstanding on what the
barometers are for dealing
with the remaining issues.
Is is my own judgement that
the only way they can be
dealt with is as a package.
All of us can see individual
ways for language to cover
the various treaty provi-
sions.

"But I think treaty pro-
visions and how one re-
solves the establishment
of the self-governing au-
thority on the West Bank
have to be resolved at the
same time in connection
with an overall political
settlement between
E _ gypt and Israel."

Vance Repeats
Egyptian Line

Vance's expressed per-
ception is precisely what
Egypt has demanded since
last October after the U.S.
had presented a draft peace
treaty to Egyptian and Is-
raeli negotiators at Blair
House and which Israel had
accepted Nov. 12.
The U.S. has now, in view
of Vance's statement, gone
back on its own - proposals.
President Carter said as
much in December when he
called for a treaty by Dec. 17
and praised Sadat as
"generous" in his demands.
It was thought that by
various remarks since then
the President has with-
drawn from that position
and eliminated some "irri-
tations" in his relationship
with the American Jewish
community. Vance's tes-
timony, however, appa-
rently indicates the Ad-
ministration has not altered
its leanings 'toward Sadat
and away from Israeli Pre-
mier Menahem Begin.

$1.2 billion in U.S. aid to

build two bases in the
Negev replacing those Is-
rael will abandon in the
Sinai and $2 billion more for
roads and other facilities
needed for the new bases.

Vance added that the
U.S. had has "some dis-
cussion" with Israel
about this but it has "not
pursued this very ac-
tively recently" because
"we want the negotia-
tions completed" bet-
ween Israel and Egypt.
Brown then testified that
building the two air bases
in the Negev would cost
about $1 billion. When
Solarz asked whether
"without necessary in-
frastructure" the bases
could be operational,
Brown replied "neces-
sary and desirable" are
different. He did not
elaborate.

Rep. Benjamin Rosenthal
(D-NY) asked Vance about
the negative attitude to-
ward the Camp David ac-
cords by Jordan and Saudi
Arabia. Vance agreed that
they were "not cooperative"
but beyond that he main-
tained that they are long-
standing allies and moder-

rael of course, qualifies very
strongly" in that way.

Aid for Negev
Bases Questioned

Rep. Stephen Solarz
(D-NY) raised questions
about Israel's request for

Sharon Expecting
1979 Peace Treaty

In Jerusalem Agricul-
tural Minister Ariel Sharon
said Tuesday he expected
that the peace treaty with
Egypt would be signed this

year. He said the overall Is-
rael interest dictated that
the effort be made to sign
the treaty sooner rather
than later.
He observed that there
was a counter-interest: an
early signing, he said,
would "strengthen the pre-
sent U.S. Administration,"
implying that was not in Is-
rael's interest.

issues still in dispute.

Begin said it was not Is-
rael's fault that the negotia-
tions had lapsed.

Meanwhile, Premier
Begin reiterated that Is-
rael is still ready to sign
the draft treaty with
Egypt as it now stands
and is also ready to re-
sume negotiations on the

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Brown, who will be in
the Middle East for the
first time in his life when
he visits Jordan, Saudi
Arabia, Israel and Egypt,
on his nine=day mission
starting Saturday as
head of a high-level De-
fense Department mis-
sion, was reminded by
Rep. Jonathan Bingham
(D-NY) that he did not
mention Israel's strategic
importance as being
"greatly enhanced" by
events in Iran.

Without responding di-
rectly to the question,
Brown replied, "Israel's
security is best achieved by
forward movement" to-
wards a peace settlement.
He added that "naturally"
the U.S. "depends on stabil-
ity and Western orienta-
tion" in the Mideast and "Is-

ate regimes. He expressed
hope that in the long run
they would join the peace
process.
Rep. Larry Winn (R-
Kan.) asked about the U.S.
relations with the Palesti-
nian Arabs and the Pales-
tine Liberation Organiza-
tion. Vance replied that
U.S. officials have met with
"some leaders on the West
Bank" but have had no con-
tact with the PLO. Vance
said that the participation
of West Bank-Gaza "people"
in the negotiations "to de-
cide their future" is "abso-
lutely essential to the Camp
David accords."
In Florida the national
executive of the Anti-
Defamation League of Bnai
Brith adopted a resolution
implicitly accusing the Car-
ter Administration of re-
tarding the peace process in
the Middle East by "its pol-
icy of exerting pressure on
Israel," and demanded a
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