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January 19, 1979 - Image 24

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1979-01-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

24 Friday, January 19, 1919


Legal Victory Won Against Accused Nazi Criminal Living in the U.S.

"For the first time since
1959, the United States has
had a legal victory against
Andrija Artukovic," Martin
Mendelsohn, director of the
Immigration and Naturali-
zation Service (INS) special
litigation unit for the pros-
ecution of Nazi war crimi-
nals, told a discussion group
sponsored by the Shad
Polier Human Rights
Memorial Library of the
American Jewish Congress.

The deportation proceed-
ings against Artukovic, ac-
cused of murder of some
80,000 Yugoslays, mostly
Jews, while he was minister
of interior of the Nazi pup-
pet state of Croatia during
1941-44, resumed in Los
Angeles last week.
Mendelsohn said the
presiding judge ruled that
the INS could question Ar-
tukovic on documeAts,
cross-examine him on depo-
sitions and require his


presence in the courtroom.
Artukovic, who resides
in Surfside, Ca., had
claimed that the INS had
violated former court or-
ders by serving him a
subpoena for the current
hearings, but the federal
judge ruled in favor of the
INS. The subpoena was
served on Artukovic in
Mendelsohn, who had
come to the New York meet-
ing from Baltimore where
he had attended the first
day of the reconvened Kar-
lis Detlays deportation
hearing, said he was
gratified that an overflow
crowd had to be turned
away from the hearing in
Baltimore. Detlays has
been accused of atrocities
against the Jews of Riga.


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Mendelsohn reported
that an Israeli witness,
Frieda Michelson, of Haifa,

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testified she saw Detlays in
the Rumbula woods in 1941,
outside of Riga. She had pos-
itively identified him, based
on a visa photo, and said
that while hiding in the
woods all day she had heard
gunfire, screams and the
sounds of people being kil-
led, Mendelsohn told the
In Amsterdam, a promi-
nent Calvinist member of
the Dutch Senate has asked
the government to pardon
the last three Nazi war
criminals imprisoned in
Holland on grounds that
their continued confine-
ment no longer serves any
The request, by Prof.
Isaac A. Diepenhorst, a
member of the law fa-
culty at the Calvinist Free
University here, was ad-
dressed to Justice Minis-
ter Jacob de Ruiter. He
petitioned the minister in
his capacity as chairman "
of the Interchurch Com-
mission for Judicial In-
stitutions. Diepenhorst
belongs to the Calvinist
wing of the Christian
Democratic Party.
The prisoners, all Ger-
mans, are Ferdinand aus
der Fuenten, Franz Fischer
and Joseph Kotaella, all
originally sentenced to
death for crimes committed
during the Nazi occupation
of Holland. Their sentences
NV-ere later commuted to life
imprisonment. In March
1972, a petition for their re-
lease then under considera-
tion by the government,

raised a storm ofprotest and
a motion to that effect was
defeated in parliament by a
vote of 85-61.

Diepenhorst argues that
the three men, confined to
Breda Prison in southwest
Holland for the past 33
years, should be released
because punishment has no
meaning for prisoners who
are old and are no longer
fully competent mentally.
Organizations of war vic-
tims and former resistance
fighters said they would op-
pose his appeal.

In a related develop-
ment, a campaign to pro-
test the expiration next
Dec. 31 of West Ger-
many's statute of limita-

tions on Nazi war crimi,
nals will take place Jan.
30 throughout North
America, it was an-
nounced by Rabbi Ab-
raham Cooper, coor-
dinator of the interna-
tional effort on behalf of
the Simon Wiesenthal
Center for Holocaust
Studies at Yeshiva Uni-
versity of Los Angeles
which is coordinating the
Jan. 30 protest campaign.
Rallies have already been
planned in Los Angeles,
New York, Boston, Detroit,
Vancou'ver, Seattle, At-
lanta, Chicago and Houston
and several other cities are
in the process of planning
rallies as. well, according to

Israel Laxity on •Falashas
Is 'Confirmed' by Document

JERUSALEM (JTA) — A people ethnically or cultur-
document prepared six ally. Dr. Luttwak warned
years ago by an Absorption that if aliya were
Ministry researcher encouraged, many other
recommended to the gov- Ethiopians, seeking to im-
ernment and the Jewish prove their living
Agency not to encourage standards, would pretend to
Falasha aliya to Israel.
be Falashas in order td be
The document was pub- admitted to Israel.
licized for the first time last
A spokesman for the Ab-
week and Falasha activists sorption Ministry said that
here said it confirmed their the document had not
recent allegations that the served as a guideline or
government and the agency basis for policy decisions by
have not been acting the government or the
energetically to bring their Jewish Agency. The
brethren from Ethiopia to spokesman repeated earlier
statements by other high of-
The Falasha activists ficials that the government
claim that over recent years had done and was doing a
thousands of their brethren great deal to help Falashas
have been killed or sold into make aliya — but political
Secret Meeting
slavery as a result of the sensitivity dictates that all
political upheavals in details be kept secret.
Between Israel
China Officials
The document was a Toy Campaign
LONDON (JTA) — High report by a Dr. Luttwak, for War Orphans
researcher for the Ab-
level direct contacts be-
sorption Ministry, on
NEW YORK — Masada,
tween Israel and China are
world Jewry. It cited rea- the youth movement of the
believed to have taken
sons of policy — the im- Zionist Organization of
place, confirming the latest
portance and delicacy of America, will organize a
widespread reports of a sof-
Israel's relations at that 1979 nationwide "Toys for
tening in the attitude of the
with Ethiopia — as Israel War Orphans Cam-
People's Republic of China
one basis for its recom- paign." The campaign, in-
towards the Jewish state.
mendations not to itiated after the Yom Kip-
One of these meetings,
encourage Falasha aliya. pur War in 1973, has be-
still unconfirmed, may have
(Emperor Haile Selas- come an annual event.
been between Israeli De-
sie's government was al-
The campaign is co-
fense Minister Ezer Weiz-
ways negatively disposed sponsored by the Engineer-
man and Huang Hua, ,Chi-
to the idea of Falasha ing Corps of the Israel De-
na's foreign minister and
fense Forces, which distrib-
former ambassador to the aliya.)
The document, moreover, utes the toys in Israel.
United Nations. .
The toys are given out
It is believed here that cited learned authors to the
the two men met briefly effect that the Falashas are during Purim, as part of
a part of the ethnic mosaic the age-old tradition of
in top secret near Zurich
that forms the Ethiopian "Mishloakh Manot" —
last summer. Huang
stopped over there after a nation and that they have the distribution of gifts.
no real links to the Jewish
The toys will be shipped
trip to Zaire in Central
to Israel in February. Any-
Africa. Weizman landed
one interested in aiding the
at Zurich after a mysteri- MK Would Quit
project should write Masada
ous flight to London Knesset Pending
at the Zionist Organization
where he had met Lord
of America, 4 E. 34th St.,
Rothschild in connection Appeal Outcome
with Israel's Defense
•JERUSALEM (JTA) — New York 10016.
Ministry business. •
Likud MK Shrnuel Re-
Earlier, Huang had met chtman said that he would Housing Interest
Chaim Herzog, then Israeli resign from the Knesset if
Ambassador to the United the Supreme Court rejected — A Jewish Welfare Feder-
Nations, in New York. That his appeal against his con-
ation survey aniong In-
meeting, and the relaxed viction for accepting a bribe
dianapolis JeivS 60 and over
atmosphere at it, reflected from a building contractor indicated that 25 percent
China's positive reaction to while serving as mayor of would be interested in
the breakthrough in Rehovot eight years ago.
federation-sponsored hous-
Israeli-Egyptian relations,
He was sentenced to 31/2 ing with such supportive
following President Anwar years in prison. Hi; an- services as meals, social
Sadat's visit to Jerusalem. nouncement that he would services and transportation.
It coincided too with a tour leave voluntarily reduced Nearly 20 percent said they
by Huang of other Mediter-
the possibility of an embar-
were not interested at the
ranean countries, including rassing legal and political present time but would be in
Iran, Turkey and Greece.
semi al for Likud.
the future.



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