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November 03, 1978 - Image 28

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-11-03

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Nip& Jippg.

1111.

--411911W Amalw

- 41 .11•11MIMIW AP,

• -
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, November 3, 1978

Hannah Arendt Essays Collected in The Jew as Pariah'

By ALLEN A. WARSEN

From the 'disgrace' of
:eing a Jew there is but one
scape — to fight for the
lonor of all Jewish people as
whole," wrote Hannah
irendt (1906-1975) in her
amous book "The Jew as
'ariah." She expressed
imilar thoughts in her
ther books and essays.
Her essays that have not
:een issued in book form,
on H. Feldman collected,
-diced and published. He
lamed the collection "The
Tew as Pariah: Jewish Iden-
ity and Politics in the Mod-
rn Age" (Grove Press, Inc.).
.'he collection includes the
-ditor's introduction and is
ivided into three parts:
The Pariah as Rebel"; —
'Zionism and the Jewish
3tate"; and "The Eichmann
controversy."
In the collection's leading
a ssay, "We Refugees," pub-
ished in 1943, Arendt dis-
.usses the status of the ref-
Igees, and describes the
,i.ewish people as pariahs.
3he distinguishes between
:onscious and social
3ariahs.
The conscious pariahs,
itrendt points out, are
toted for their Jewish
'aearts, humanity, humor
end disinterested intelli-
lence. They are repre-
,ented by Heinrich
Heine, Rahel Varnhagen,
Bernard Lazare and
Franz Kafka. (Bernard
Lazare was the first
French-Jewish author
and lawyer who pub-

-

licized Captain Dreyfus'
innocence.)
The characteristics of the
social pariahs, Arendt
notes, are tactlessness,
political stupidity, inferior-
ity complexes and money
grubbing. This group con-
sists mostly of as-
similationists and people
who espouse the formula
"Be a man on the street and
a Jew at home."
Incidentally, this formula
was first propounded by the
Hebrew poet Judah Leib
Gordon in his poem
"Hakitza Ami" (1863).
HANNAH ARENDT
But history, states
Judah
L. Magnes, co-
Arendt, "has forced the
founder
and first
status of outlaws upon both,
of the Hebrew
upon pariah and parvenus president
alike." Furthermore, "the University at Jerusalem.
The essay, a valuable his-
outlawing of the Jewish
people in Europe," she toric document, but irrele-
stresses, "has been followed vant under present condi-
closely by the outlawing of tions, still contains ideas
most European nations." which are timely. For in-
She continues to emphasize stance, "A good peace is
that the "refugees driven usually the result of negoti-
from country to country re- ations and compromise."
present the vanguard of "Peace in the Near East is
their peoples — if they keep essential to the state of Is-
their identity. For the first rael, to the Arab people and
time Jewish history is not to the Western world." "The
separate, but tied up with great good fortune of Jews
as well as Arabs at this mo-
that of all other nations."
ment is that America and
The spirit and ideas Great Britain . . . are
expressed in the essay genuinely eager to bring
"Peace or Armistice in about an authentic pacifica-
the Near East?" (January tion of the whole region."
1950) reflect the ideology
Timely, too, is the quota.
of the "Brith Shalom"
(Covenant of Peace) of tion from President Wood-
the '20s and the "Thud" row Wilson's statement that
(Unity) of the '40s, both called for "not merely the
furthered by the late rebirth of the Jewish people,

but the birth also of new
ideals, of new ethical val-
ues, of new conceptions of
social justice which shall
spring as a blessing for all
mankind from that land and
the people whose lawgivers
and prophets . . . spoke
those truths which have
come thundering down the
ages."
No book, in the memory of
this reviewer, has provoked
more controversy among
Jews than Arendt's
"Eichmann in Jerusalem,"
published in 1963 and re-
vised in 1965:
Typical of the con-
troversy is Gershom
Scholem's letter to Han-
nah Arendt published in
the last part of this collec-
tion. A good illustration
of his criticism are these
brief quotations: "At
each decisive juncture,
your book speaks only of
the `weakness' of the
Jewish stance in the
world. I am ready enough
to admit that weakness,
but you put such em-
phasis upon it, in my
view, your a1count
ceases to be objective and
acquires overtones of
malice." "In the Jewish
tradition there is a con-
cept, hard to define and
yet concrete enough,
which we know as
`Ahabath Israel:' of
the Jewish people . . .
you, dear Hannah, as. in
so many intellectuals
who came from the Ger-
"

•• • • • • • • • • to • • • • • • • • • • • • o • • • •• • • o• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •



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Linked at the beginning of creation,
The Sabbath for man's benefit was made.
"Six days you shall labor, yes work.
The seventh day just for rest outlaid."

Yes, important it is this toil
Of the six days MAN SHOULD WORK!
And equally and of similar importance,
Is the seventh day THAT DON'T SHIRK!

Talmudic law dictates to all,

Earnest work is the cure for most ills.
Labor enobles life, behooves more, than when with
Reverence for God, the entire life fills.

So let us open the "BOOK" together brothers.
Our Sabbath day KEEP IT HOLY, RETAIN!
Somehow it seems, at least, an important
Purpose of life is laid plain.

In 1878, Jews from
Jerusalem founded the first
new village in the Land —
Petah Tikva (today a town

• •

of 85,000, 10 miles from Tel
Aviv). Other villages were
founded near Jerusalem
and in Galilee.

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To elevate man's life to a higher sphere,
Thus the Sabbath day was designed.
Sanctification and rest for maw,
These entities go hand-in-hand confined.

...........limmummifimmummummuminfinmin nuommoiwnnunnfli

III

•• •

By RHODA ZAHAVIE SHAMES

The predominant • eature of Sabbath, -
Is a cessation of activity and labor.
"Remember the Sabbath day, keep it holy!"
To be in great God Almighty's favor.

!9 9Nv

I

tion of essays describes im-
pressively the effects of the
controversy resulting from
the book "Eichmann in
Jerusalem" produced on
Hannah Arendt whom he
regards as-one of the great
political and cultural
thinkers of our times. He
points out that her "life was
played out during the 'dark
times' of the 20th Century,"
and reminds us that when
Hannah Arendt "died she
was out of favor with the
Jewish community . . . and
subjected to a modern form
of excommunication." This
not only caused her much
suffering, but also
"obscured for too long the
real depth of her contribu-
tion to understanding the
Jewish experience in the
modern age."

The Sabbath For Man




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man Left, I find little
trace of it."
Characteristic is Arendt's
reply:
"I am not one of the 'intel-
lectuals who came from the
German Left.' You could not
have known this, since we
did not know each other
when we were young."
"It is a pity that you did
not read the book before the
present campaign of mis-
representation against it
got under way . . . There
are, unfortunately, very few
people able to withstand the
influence of such cam-
paigns. It seems to me
highly unlikely that with-
out being influenced you
would possibly have misun-
derstood certain state-
ments."
The editor of this collec-

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