THE JEWISH NEWS
IncorpOrating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing With the issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English - Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National EditthIal Association.
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CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Assistant News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the sixth day of Tishri, 5739, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deuteronomy 31:1-30. Prophetical portion, Hosea 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20; Joel 2:15-27.
Wednesday, Yom Kippur
Pentateuchal portion, (morning), Leviticus 16:1-34, Numbers 29:7-11; (afternoon) Leviticus 18:1-30. Prophetical
portion, ( morning) Isaiah 57:14-58:14; (afternoon) Jonah 1:1-4:11, Micah 7:18-20.
Candle lighting, Friday, Oct. 6, 6:48 p.m.
VOL. LXXIV, No 5
Friday, October 6, 1978
Season of Atoning
Days of Awe, commencing with Rosh
Hashana, are climaxed by the Day of Atone-
These are the serious days of introspection, of
soul searching, of self-expressive regrets of
what had occurred during the preceding year,
emphasized by the pledge that the errors of the
past should not be repeatable.
The sincerity of the Yom Kippur dedication is
never questioned. After all, it finds comfort in a
Neilah, in the rising of new heights which are
assumed to indicate a cleansing of the misdeeds
of the past.
The emphasis is usually on the personal, yet
it has connotations for the communal, for family
While the individual may account for the per-
sonal transgressions, the congregations gather-
ing in large numbers on Yom Kippur may well
ask themselves whether there is the compulsion
for expiation collectively.
The obligations upon a community, for a
people striving to uphold the banner of its tradi-
tions and legacies, never vanish. They keep de-
manding realization of the tasks to be per-
formed, of the duty never to abandon the less
fortunate in a society of affluence, of defending
the rights of the oppressed, of protecting the just
rights of a nation when it is in distress.
On Yom Kippur, while resolving for oneself
and family, it is obligatory to remember the
aged and the impoverished, and for Jews it is New Ktav Volume
obligatory to resolve never to abandon Israel, to
remember the persecuted in the Soviet Union,
to think in terms of aiding the insecure in other
areas where Jews are in constant danger.
Indeed, while thinking of atonement there is
also the need to take into account- shortcomings
in behalf of the people at large so that errors in
For students of theology, the writings of Rabbi Milton Steinberg,
approaching the obligations should be cor- the legacies that are retained in the guidelines to be found in his
rected. Perhaps this is the way of making teachings, provide a place of honor in the records of creative Jewish
Atonement Day complete for a unified people. cultural processes of the previous generation.
Biography of Milton Steinberg
Portrays Author, Theologian
Crisis in Education; Revisions Needed
A serious crisis exists in Jewish educational
ranks, and its effects on children as much as on
teachers must be considered with the utmost
It is not only because there was a teachers'
strike and the Hebrew schools were closed all-
too-long,_ even if it was for a period of some days:
There is much more to the existing situation
than is realized.
Six years ago, one of the problems was the
closing of one of the schools because of a decline
of students in the northwest Detroit area.
People with vision should have foreseen that
reductions in school enrollments might occur in
other parts of Greater Detroit and that the prob-
lems arising from such conditions might create
Now the drop in enrollments has become an
all-embracing reality and to it may be ascribed
the conflict over wages and the status of
Changing times also forced changes in school
timetables. Before the rise of the Day Schools,
which have made great strides in recent years,
the Afternoon School was conducted on the
basis of two sessions. Now sessions have been
reduced to one and the number of study days
also has been altered. Parents have expressed
concern over their children attending classes
which extend into dark hours of the early eve-
nings during which second sessions were con-
ducted in previous years. This has resulted in
teachers in Jewish schools working on the basis
of reduced pay periods. Thus, at this time nearly
all of the teachers in the Hebrew schools are on a
12-hour-a-week schedule and this has affected
costs as well as their incomes.
To compare incomes of Jewish teachers with
those in the public schools, to liken the 12-hour
employee with the 30- or 35-hour-a-week
educator is preposterous. Naturally the per-
centage basis for the Jewish teacher thus
emerges higher than that of the public school
Therefrom emerges a problem which de-
mands practical solutions and pragmatic ap-
proaches to pressing needs.
What can be expected from the 12-hour-a-
week teacher who must look for additional in-
come for a livelihood?
How can the problem be solved?
An editorial comment is intended to arouse
concern and is not expected to offer a solution.
The communal responsibility on that score is
As mere suggestions, let it be said that under
conditions when it is difficult enough to enroll
qualified teachers for the Jewish children the
status of the educator must be considered to-
gether with the financial problems when
budgeting is conducted with the utmost
Why can't a community plan for a teacher in
the Afternoon Schools to be linked with the
Day Schools, for the utilization of the teachers'
services and for providing that teaching hours
be extended to a full-time basis so that able
educators will serve both systems?.
If this can not be properly appropriated, why
not introduce the vitally needed courses for
adults, with special-classes for women who can
attend afternoon classes, thereby making it
possible for educators to teach and lay people to
How long can the present process of a teacher
constantly settling for wages and the schools
suffering enrollment reduction continue with-
out serious consideration by the responsible
There is an undeniable problem, and to shun
it assesses those in responsible roles with guilt
in tackling the school problems.
Dr. Steinberg wrote extensively on the major issues in Jewish life,
on world affairs and on Zionism and his views influenced not only his
students at the Jewish Theological Seminary but Jewish leadership
everywhere. As an eloquent lecturer as well as brilliant author he
earned a notable place in Jewish life in this country.
The life story of this eminent personality is told in an extensive
biography, "Milton Steinberg: Portrait of a Rabbi" (Ktav) which,
fortunately, was compiled by the man who succeeded him as rabbi of
Park. Avenue Synagogue in New York upon his death in 1950. Rabbi
Simon Noveck was Steinberg's associate rabbi and he became inti-
mate with the senior spiritual leader during their several years of
association. Rabbi Noveck delved into the records, read all of Rabbi
Steinberg's writings, his scores of sermons; he interviewed members
of the family and therefore attained an unusual insight about the
noted leader about webm he has written with admiration.
It is primarily as a theologian that
Rabbi Steinberg is acclaimed in this
extensive biographical study.
Notably, at Mrs. Steinberg's re-
quest, the words "Faith and Reason"
were chosen as inscriptions on his
tombstone. These words are descrip-
tive of a life that was dedicated to jus-
tice, not only for Jews but for all who
were oppressed. It denotes the role
that the eminent rabbi played in defin-
ing Zionist aspirations. It is the evi-
dence of his brilliant appeals for faith-
fulness to Jewry and for the deepesitit
understanding of the theologic Jewis ,
Most famous of Steinberg's works
were "The Making of a Modern Jew"
and "As a Driven Leaf." In all of his
writings there were the inspirations to faith. As Rabbi Noveck states
in the concluding words of his tributes to the man he acclaims with so
"In the end- Steinberg was essentially a religious Jew whose aim
was to teach the lessons of faith. The words which he put into the
mouth of Rabbi Johanan, the son of Zakkai, in his novel remains the
model of his life; 'There is no Truth with Faith. There is no Truth
unless there first be a faith on which it may be based.' "
Rabbi Steinberg had Ahad HaAmist ideas about the redemption of
Palestine. He questioned statehood and believed in federalism. When
the state emerged he was elated, was among the strongest supporters
and defenders of Israel, was always the dedicated Zionist, even if he
had resorted to early criticisms of the movement.
The Noveck biography of Rabbi Steinberg lends great status to a
great leader and to one of the most fascinating and most creative
personalities in the three decades preceding the rebirth of Israel.