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September 29, 1978 - Image 34

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-09-29

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34 Friday, September 29, 1918



Framework for Peace Historic Documents
Plan for Ending Hostilities in Middle East

"Framework of Peace vide full autonomy to the
inhabitants, under these
in the Middle East"
. . . the parties are deter- arrangements the Israeli

military government and
its civilian administration
will be withdrawn as soon
as a . self-governing
authority has been freely
elected by the inhabitants of
these areas to replace the
existing military govern-
To negotiate the details of
a transitional arrangement,
the government of Jordan
will be invited to join the
negotiations on the basis of
this framework. These new
arrangements should give
due consideration both to
the principle of self-
government by the inhabi-
A. West Bank
tants of these territories
and Gaza
and to the legitimate secu-
I. Egypt, Israel, Jordan rity concerns of the parties
and the representatives of involved.
the Palestinian people
should participate in
(b) Egypt, Israel and
negotiations on the resolu- Jordan will agree on the
tion of the Palestinian prob- modalities for establish-
lem in all its aspects. To ing the elected self-
achieve that objective, governing authority in
negotiations relating to the the West Bank and Gaza.
West Bank and Gaza should The delegations of Egypt
proceed in three stages:
and Jordan may include
(a) Egypt and Israel Palestinians from the
agree that, im order to West Bank and. Gaza or
ensure a peaceful and or- other Palestinians as
derly transfer of authority, mutually agreed. The
and taking into account the parties will negotiate on
security concerns of all the agreement which will de-
parties, there should be fine the powers and re-
transitional arrangements sponsibilities of the self-
for the West Bank and Gaza governing authority to be
for a period not exceeding exercised in the West
five years. In order to pro- Bank and Gaza.

mined to reach a just, com-
prehensive, and durable
settlement of the Middle
East conflict through the
conclusion of peace treaties
based on Security Council
Resolutions 242 and 338 in
all their parts. Their pur-
pose is to achieve peace and
good neighborly relations.
They recognize that, -for
peace to endure, it must in-
volve all those who have
been most deeply affected
by the conflict. . . . With
that objective in mind, they
have agreed to proceed as

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A withdrawal of Israeli the inhabitants of the West
armed forces will take place Bank and Gaza.
and there will be a rede-
3) Providing for the
ployment of the remaining elected representatives of
Israeli forces into specified _ the inhabitants of the West
security locations. The Bank and Gaza to decide
agreement will also include how they shall govern
arrangements for assuring themselves consistent with
internal and external secu- the provisions of their
rity and public order. A agreement.
strong local police force will
4) Participating
be established, which may stated above in the work of
include Jordanian citizens. the committee negotiating
In addition, Israeli and Jor- the peace treaty between Is-
danian forces will partici- rael and Jordan.
pate in joint patrols and in
2. All necessary meas-
the manning of control posts ures will be taken and pro-
to assure the security of the visions made to assure the
security of Israel and its
(c) When , the self- neighbors during the tran-
governing authority (ad- sitional periOd and be-
ministrative council) in the yond....
West Bank and Gaza is es-
3. During the transi-
tablished and inaugurated, tional period, represen-
the transitional period of tatives of Egypt, Israel,
five years will begin. As Jordan, and the self-
soon as possible, but not governing authority will
later than the third year constitute a continuing
after the 'beginning of the committee to decide by
transitional period, negoti- agreement on the mod-
ations will take place to de- alities of admission of
termine the final status of persons displaced from
the West Bank and Gaza the West Bank and Gaza
and its relationship with its in 1967, together with
neighbors, and to conclude a necessary measures to
peace treaty between Israel prevent disruption and
and Jordan by the end of the disorder....
transitional period. These
4. Egypt and Israel will
negotiations will be con- work with each other and
ducted among Egypt, Israel, with other interested par-
Jordan and the elected ties to establish agreed pro-
representatives of the in- cedures for a prompt, just
habitants of the West Bank and permanent implemen-
and Gaza. . . .
tation of the resolution of
The negotiations will re- the refugee problem.
-solve, among other matters,
B. Egypt Israel --
the location of the bound-
1. Egypt and Israel
aries and the nature of the
undertake not to resort to
security arrangements. The
solution from the negotia- the threat or the use of force
tions must also recognize to settle disputes. Any-dis-
the legitiinate rights of the putes shall be settled by
Palestinian people and peaceful means in accord-
their just requirements. In ance with the provisions of
this way, the Palestinians Article 33 of the Charter of
the United Nations.
will participate in the de-
2. In order to achieve
termination of their own fu-
peace between them, the
ture through:
1) The negotiations parties agree to negotiate in
good faith with a goal of
among Egypt, Israel,
Jordan and the represen- concluding within three
tatives of the inhabitants months from the signing of
of the West Bank and this framework a peace
Gaza to agree on the final treaty between them, while
status of the West Bank inviting the other parties to
and Gaza and other out- the conflict to proceed
simultaneously to negotiate
standing issues by the
and conclude similar peace
end of the transitional
treaties with a view to
2) Submitting
their achieving a comprehensive
agreements to a vote by the peace in the area.
elected representatives of

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1. Egypt and Israel state
- that the principles and pro-
visions described below
should apply to peace
treaties between Israel and
each of its neighbors —
Egypt, Jordan, Syria and
2. Signatories shall es-
tablish among themselves
relationships normal to
states at peace with one an-
other. To this end, they
should undertake to abide
by all the provisions of the
Charter of the United Na-
tions. Steps to be taken in
this respect include:
(a) full recognition;'
(b) abolishing economic

(c) Guaranteeing that
under their jurisdiction the
citizens of the other parties
shall enjOy the protection of
the due process of law.
3. Signatories should
explore possibilities for
economic development in
the context of final peace
treaties, with the objec-
tive of contributing to the
atmosphere of peace,
cooperation and friend-
ship which is their com-
mon goal.
4. Claims Commissions
may be established for the
mutual settlement of all fi-
nancial claims.
5. The United States
shall be *invited to partici-
pate in the talks on matters
related to the modalities of
the implementation of the
agreements and working
out the timetable for the
carrying out of the obliga-
tions of the parties.
6. The United Nations
Security- Council shall be
requested to endorse the
peace treaties and ensure ,
that their pro_visions shall
not be violated. The perma-
nent members of the Secu-
rity Council shall be re-,
quested to underwrite the
peace treaties and ensure
respect for their provisions.
They shall also be requested
to conform their policies and
actions with the undertak-
ings contained in this

"Framework for
the Conclusion
of a Peace Treaty
Between Egypt
and Israel"

In order to achieve peace
between them, Israel and
Egypt agree to negotiate in
good faith with a goal of
concluding within three
months of the signing of the
framework of a peace treaty
between them. It is agreed
The site of the negotia-
tions will be under a United
Nations flag at a location or
locations to be mutually
agreed. All of the principles
of the UN Resolution 242
will apply in the resolution
of the dispute between Is-
rael and Egypt. Unless
otherwise mutually agreed,
terms of the peace treaty
will be implemented be-
tween two and three years
after the peace treaty is
The following matters are
agreed between the parties:
(a) The full exercise of
Egyptian sovereignty up to
the internationally recog-
nized border between Egypt
and Mandated Palestine;
(b) the withdrawal of Is-
raeli armed forces - from the
(c) the use of airfields left
by the Israelis near El
Arish, Rafah, Ras en Naqb
and Sharm el Sheikh for
civilian purposes only, in-
cluding possible commer-
cial use by all nations;
(d) the right of free pas-
sage by ships of Israel

through the Gulf of Suez
and the Suez Canal on the
basis of the Constantinople
Convention of 1888 apply-
ing to all nations;_the Strait
of Tiran and the Gulf of
Aqaba are international
waterways to be open to all
nations for unimpeded and
unsuspendable freedom of
navigation and overslight;
(e) the construction of a
highway between the Sinai
and Jordan near Eilat with
guaranteed free and peace-
ful passage by Egypt and
Jordan; and
(f) the stationing of mili-
tary forces listed below.

Stationing Of Forces

(a). No more than one di-
vision (mechanized or in-
fantry) of Egyptian armed
forces will be stationed
within an area lying ap-
proximately 50 kilometers
eSst of the Gulf of Suez and
the Suez Canal.
(b) Only United Nations
forces and civil police
weapons to perform normal
police functions will be
stationed within an area
lying west of the interna-
tional border and the Gulf of
Aqaba, varying in width
from 20 kilometers to 40
(c) In the area within
three kilometers east of the
international =border there
will be Israeli limited mili-
tary forces not to exceed
four infantry battalions and
the United Nations obser-
(d)' Border patrol un-
its, not to exceed three
battalions, will supple-
ment the civil police in
maintaining order in the
area not included above.
The exact demarcation of
the above- areas will be as
decided during the peace
negotiations. Early warn-
ing stations may exist to in-
sure compliance with the
terms of the agreement.
United Nations forces
will be stationed:
(a) In part of the area in
the Sinai lying within about
20 kilom&ters of the
Mediterranean Sea and ad-
jacent to the international
border, and
.(b) in the Sharm el
Sheikh area .to ensure free-
dom of passage through the
Strait of Tiran; and thes
forces will not be removed
unless such removal is ap-
proved by the Security
Council of the United Na-
tions with a unanimous vote
of five permanent members.
After a peace treaty is
signed, and after the
interim withdrawal is com-
plete, normal relations will
be established between
Egypt and Israel, including:
full recognition, including
diplomatic, economic and
cultural relations; termina-
tion of economic boycotts
and barriers to the free
movement of goods and
people; and mutual protec-
tion of citizens by the due
process of law.


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