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September 22, 1978 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-09-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

The Glory of
a Tripartite
Success at the
Camp David Summit

Commentary, Page 2


A Weekly Review

f Jewish Events

Prophecy as
`They Shall Beat
Their Swords
Into Plowshares'

Editorial, Page 4

VOL. LXXIV, No. 3 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833 $12.00 Per Year: This Issue 30c

Sept.22, 1978

Knesset Approval Is Assured;
Vance Visiting Arab Capitals

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance's meetings with
the leaders of Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria in an attempt to persuade them to
support the framework for a Middle East peace are considered critical to making
the results of the 13-day Camp David summit workable. Informed political
sources in Israel believe that an overwhelming number of Israel's 120 members
of the Knesset will support the accords signed by Egypt, Israel and the U.S. in
Washington Sunday evening.
President Carter announced in his address Monday to a joint session of
Congress that Vance would visit Jordan's King Hussein and Saudi Arabia's
King Khalid. Tuesday morning the White House disclosed that Syrian
President Hafez Assad also said he would receive Vance.
Thus, a crucial aspect of bringing into fruition the accords between Egyptian ,
President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Premier Menahem Begin will rest to a large
extent on the former Wall Street lawyer who has been involved in Middle East
affairs throughout the Carter Administration. Vance is accompanied by Special
Ambassador Alfred Atherton, the President's special ambassador for the Middle
They are expected to return to Washington Sunday since Vance will be
taking part in the United Nations General Assembly debates in New York
where the agreements are certain to be under attack from the Soviet
Union, some Arab states and their supporters.
One question still unsettled in the accords is that of Jerusalem, a subject
Carter did not mention either in his address before Congress Monday-night or in
his report to the nation Sunday night. It is now known that the Camp David
summit was about to col-lapse ever--the- fate of Jerusalem at one point but the
matter was put aside by an agreement to exchange letters between Sadat,
Carter and Begin.
Carter, who addressed Congress Monday night as Begin and Sadat sat on
either side of Mrs. Carter in the distinguished visitors gallery, was interrupted
by applause 14 times, his most enthusiastic reception by Congress to date. All
three leaders received prolonged cheers and applause when they entered the
House of Representatives chambers and after Carter's speech Sadat and Begin
clasped each other around the shoulder and left to the applause of the Con-
In his address to Congress, Carter pointed out that, "It has been more than
2,000 years since there was peace between Egypt and a free Jewish nation. If our
present expectations are realized, this year we shall see such peace again."
Carter cautioned, "We must also not forget the magnitude of the obsta-
cles that still remain. The summit exceeded our highest expectations but
we know that it left many difficult issues still to be resolved. These issues
will require careful negotiations in the months to come. The Egyptian
and Israeli people must recognize the tangible benefits that
these will bring and support the decisions their leaders have
made so that a secure and peaceful future can be achieved
for them. The American public, you and I, must also offer our
full support to those who have made decisions that are dif-
ficult and those who have very difficult decisions still to

"The Camp David agreement guarantees that the
Palestinian people may participate in the resolution of
the Palestinian problem in all its aspects, a commitment
that Israel has made in writing and which is supported
and appreciated, I am sure, by all the world."
The President pointed out that, "The Israeli military
government over these areas (the West Bank and Gaza)
will be withdrawn and will be replaced with a self-
government of the Palestinians who live there." He added
to applause, "Israel has committed that this government
will have full autonomy. Prime Minister Begin said to me
several times, not partial autonomy, but full autonomy." Carter said that,
"Israel has agreed that the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people will be
recognized." He said that after the signing of the framework documents Sunday
night and "during the negotiations concerning the establishment of the Palesti-
nian self-government, no new Israeli areas will be established in this area.
The President mentioned Lebanon, telling Congress, "We must also
join in an effort to bring an end to the conflict and the terrible suffering in
Lebanon." He said that he and Sadat discussed this subject "many times"
at Camp David and that the "first time" that Begin, Sadat and Carter met
together it was a "subject of heated discussion."
But on the return to Washington by helicopter from Camp David Sunday, "We
mutually committed ourselves to join with other nations, with the Lebanese
people themselves, all factions, with President (Elias) Sarkis, with Syria, Saudi
Arabia, perhaps the European countries like France, to try to move toward a
solution to the problems in Lebanon which is so vital to us and to the poor people
in Lebanon who have suffered so much."
Begin and Sadat were also received warmly by the House International
Relations Committee on Tuesday, in what was described as the warmest recep-
tion for foreign dignitaries ever seen on Capitol Hill.
In Jerusalem, Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan and Defense Minister Ezer
Weizman returned to Israel Tuesday to prepare for implementation of the
diplomatic and military phases of the Camp David agreements.
Speaking to reporters at Ben-Gurion Airport, both ministers made it
clear that Israelis will face an agonizing choice — removal of the settle-
ments in the Rafah Salient of Sinai or the possible collapse of the Camp
David framework for an Israeli-Egyptian peace pact.
The Camp David agreements call for opening negotiations with Egypt on

(Continued on Page 5)

The President emphasized the aspects of the agreements con-
i-ning the Palestinians and pointed out that "the agreement
p•ovides a basis for the resolution of issues involving the West
Bttnk and Gaza during the next five years.-It outlines a process of
change which is in keeping with Arab hopes while also carefully
respecting Israel's vital security." He said there is "the painful
human question of the faith of the Palestinians who live or have
lived in these disputed regions.

Documents of Peace

President Carter is flanked by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat
on his right, and Israeli Prime Minister Menahem Begin to his left as
the three leaders sign two peace accord documents agreed upon at
the Camp David summit. The historic ceremony took place in the
East Room of the White House, where the three leaders convened
Sunday evening after their return from the summit and two weeks
of intense talks and meetings. The accords are seen as a framework
for further negotiations leading to peace in the Middle East.



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