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July 28, 1978 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-07-28

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Pitting Carter and Goldberg

One U.S. Answer for Sadat

Anwar Sadat's attack on Israel's Prime Minister
Menahem Begin, in a Cairo speech on Sunday, calling him
"the only obstacle" to peace, raises the question of the
attitude of Israeli and American Jewries to the man who
heads Israel's government.
Some polls show that Begin would overcome opposition if
there were a new election in the immediate future.
The attitude of American Jewish leadership is evidenced
in a full-page advertisement that appeared in the
\ Jerusalem Post supporting the Israel government under
Begin's leadership. •

Egypt's President Anwar •Sadat re-opened the Six-Day
War on Saturday with an attack on the then U.S. Ambas-
sador to the United Nations, Arthur J. Goldberg.
In a speech in Cairo on July 11 he said : "If Carter had •
been in power in 1967, without Arthur Goldberg, the
Zionist, we wouldn't have suffered what we are suffering
today." He was referring to Goldberg's diplomatic activity
following the June 1967 war.
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, in an Issues and
Answers TV interview Sunday, defended Goldberg and
confirmed that Goldberg expressed the State Department
attitude in the preparation of Resolution 242.

The statement, which includes the signatures of
Max M. Fisher, Rabbi Joseph Sternstein, Raymond
Epstein, Rabbi Israel Miller, Rabbi Alexander Schin-
dler and many others very prominent in American
Jewish activities, asserts:

The former Supreme Court Justice and Chief U.S.
Delegate to the UN acted on behalf of the State De-
partment during the crucial discussions of the Middle
East developments after the Six-Day War.

"We, the undersigned American Jews currently visiting
Israel, wish to express our strong support for the Israel
government in its search for a just and durable peace. In
doing so, we believe we represent the sentiments of the
overwhelming majority of American Jewry, and we also
believe it would be a serious misreading of reality for any-
one to suggest that the American Jewish community does
not today, as it has for the past 30 years, stand solidly
behind the duly elected officials of Israel, or that there is
division or disharmony within the American Jewish com-
munity on the issue of support for Israel."

A Senatorial
of Inconsistency

Mayor in Shadow

A Knesset Rumpus
in Sad Background
Commentary, Page 2


Secretary Vance volunteered his comments in a lengthy
tribute to Goldberg. It could be interpreted as much a re-
buke to Sadat as it was an expression of admiration for a
distinguished American ambassador to the UN.
On Wednesday, President Carter awarded Goldberg the
highest U.S. civilian award, the Medal of Freedom, in rec-
ognition of Goldberg's efforts in drafting Resolution 242
(See Page 9).
Goldberg's interpretation of the controversial UN Resol-
ution 242 appears on this page.


A Weekly Review

of Jewish Events

Voice of Reason

the Hijackers

Editorials, Page 4

Per Year: This Issue 30' July 28, 1978
VOL. LXXIII, No. 21 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833 $12.00

A U.S.-Israel Rapprochement
Seen in Dayan Self-Rule Plan

Anderson Gains Support
in Effort to Move Olympics

A campaign started by U.S. Senator Wendell R. Anderson (D-Minn.)
to move the site of the 1980 Olympics from Moscow because of the
prejudiced position of the USSR towards Western nations and the
media, this week gained .support with four other U.S. Senators co-
sponsoring his Senate Resolution No. 519, which calls for U.S. action.
Sen. Anderson's resolution states:
"That in view of the recent actions of the government of the Soviet
Union in prosecuting political dissidents, its failure to abide by the
Helsinki Accords, its attitudes and actions toward members of the news
media from the United States, and the uncer-
tainty of what its actions will be toward rep,
resentatives to the Olympic Games from Israel,
Taiwan, and certain other nations, it is the
sense of the Senate that the United States
Olympic Committee should and is hereby re-
quested to immediately take such measures as
may be necessary to have the International
Olympic Committee select a site for the 1980
summer Olympic Games outside the Soviet Un-


Sen. Anderson's resolution was co-
sponsored by Sens. Muriel Humphrey
(D-Minn.), Charles Percy (R-I11.), Malcolm
(Continued on Page 5)


Western diplomatic observers say that Foreign Minister Moshe
Dayan's announcement to the Knesset Monday that the Cabinet has endorsed his proposals for
future negotiations with Egypt "seemed to provide the responsiveness that Washington sought"
when it presented Israel with questions last spring on the future status of the West Bank and
Gaza Strip.
Dayan said the government's position now is that Israel would be prepared to discuss the
sovereignty issue in those territories after a five-year period of "self-rule" and that it would be
ready to discuss a territorial compromise if one is proposed. In its response to the American
questions last month, the Cabinet would say only that Israel was willing to review its relation-
ship with the parties after a five-year interim.
That response was widely criticized abroad and in Israel as evasive. Sources close to Dayan
said that the latest shift could be regarded as a softening of Israel's position. They explained that
it was made possible by the fact that Israel's peace plan had been on the table at the foreign
ministers conference at Leeds Castle,England, last week along with Egypt's proposals and that
both were discussed in good faith and in a business-like manner although the vast gap between
them was not bridged.

The sources noted that when the Cabinet replied to the U.S. questions in June, the
Israeli plan had never been discussed at the negotiating table and there was no Egyp-
tian counter-proposal.

Dayan, however, made no commitment or even a hint that Israel was shifting away from its
basic stance on the sovereignty issue — namely that it would never permit the West Bank and
Gaza Strip to fall under foreign sovereignty. Sources here stressed that Dayan had said only that
Israel would be ready to discuss the issue after five years. Dayan told the Knesset that he had
offered this position to Secretary of State Cyrus Vance at the Leeds Castle talks on his own
initiative and then sought retroactive approval by the Cabinet. According to one report, Dayan
(Continued on Page 6)

Ambassador Arthur J. Goldberg Interprets UN Resolution 242

Former Supreme Court Justice Arthur
J. Goldberg was U.S. Ambassador to the
United Nations during and after the 1967
Six-Day War and helped draft Security
Council Resolution 242. His interpretation
of 242 which follows was excerpted from
the June 8, 1977 issue of Near East Report:

"Resolution 242, in most explicit terms,
rejects the long-asserted claim of the Arab
countries of the existence of a state of bel-
ligerency against Israel. The resolution

recognizes that belligerency cannot coexist
with peace.
"The resolution calls for respect and
acknowledgment of the sovereignty of
every state in the area. Since Israel never
denied the sovereignty of its neighboring
countries, this language obviously re-
quires these countries to acknowledge the
sovereignty of Israel.

"The resolution, in dealing with the
withdrawal of Israel's forces, does not

explicitly require that Israel withdraw to
the lines occupied by it on June 5, 1967,
before the outbreak of the war.
"The resolution speaks of withdrawal
from occupied territories, without defining
the extent of withdrawal, except that it is
clear from the debates that less than total
withdrawal is contemplated on all fronts.
And the notable presence of the words 'sec-
ure and recognized boundaries' by implica-
tion contemplates that the parties could
make territorial adjustments in their

peace settlement encompassing less than a
complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from
occupied territories."

Goldberg goes on to quash the Arab
claims based on the resolution's wording
on "the inadmissability of the acquisition
of territory by war." Goldberg points to the
Arab states' acquisition of territory as a
consequence of the 1948 war, contrary to
the UN Partition Resolution.

(See Commentary, Page 2)

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