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July 14, 1978 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-07-14

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Detroit Kibutzniks' Way of Life as They Mark 30th Year in Israel

(Special to The Jewish News)

KIBUTZ EIN DOR, Israel — We ascended the hill, 30 years ago. It was in the early
days of the Israel War for Independence, on barren soil, thousands of dunams of eroded
land, parts had been worked by primitive Arab peasants, plenty of rocks (which afforded
us a livelihood — Keren Kayemet fYisrael,JNF, on whose land we were settling, paid us
for eight hours a day for picking up rocks that were strewn everywhere and depositing
them in the nearby galleys (wadis).

We were young, "ingathered" from about 20 countries the world over, most of us fresh
from the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement, but many of the men battle-experienced
veterans of the World War. We had some adult experience behind us. There were those

A Sad Day for a
Great City
When Its Mayor


who came from concentration camps, from partisan units, from British detention camps
in Cyprus. Others had manned "Aliya Bet" boats (illegal immigrant carriers) with
refugees from the Nazi period, while others came without permission as illegal immig-

The kibutz is a unique life-style. We kibutzniks claim to be realizing a socialist
society in this ancient homeland of ours. What other society or country can claim
such settlements? The books have not yet been written that will give proper
insight into the workings and problematica of the kibutz society. One must live it
(and not only for a short period), in order to evaluate properly.

We educate differently than the schools where we had studied. Our children are born
and raised in a peer society. In a complicated world where the decline of the nuclear

(Continued on Page 12)

Day Schools
Get Their
in Communal


Commentary, Page 2

A Weekly Review cx:x

cif Jewish Events

Editorial, Page 4

VOL. LXXIII, No. 19 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833 $12.00 Per Year: This Issue 30 ,

July 14, 1978

-Soviet Jewish Activists' Fate
Stirring Congressional Action

House Sets Hearings
on U.S. Nazi Criminals

NEW YORK (JTA) — The judiciary subcommittee on immig-
ration in the U.S. House of Representatives is scheduled to hold
public hearings beginning Wednesday on the use of Nazi war
criminals by American intelligence agencies. This congressional
group headed by Rep. Joshua Eilberg (D-Pa.) has indicated its
"dissatisfaction" with a recent report by the General Accounting
Office (GAO), the investigative arm of Congress, on the hitherto
secret employment of Nazis.
A GAO report issued on May 15 stated that there was no
evidence of a "widespread conspiracy" within the U.S. govern-
ment to cover up the Nazi war criminal cases that have been
festering for almost 30 years. Charles R. Allen, Jr., an author on
Nazi war criminals, told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that he
has been called as a witness by the subcommittee to assist them
in determining "which war criminals have been used by what
According to the GAO findings, the CIA admits to having used
Nazi war criminals and the FBI admits having "contacted" 44
Nazi war criminals, and further admits to have employed seven
of them. These figures are based solely on a total of 111 "sampl-
ings" from the list of 252 Nazi criminals the Immigration and
Naturalization Service claims are living in the U.S.

"I can assure you," Allen said, "that the GAO findings,
while helpful, are well short of the mark. I will shortly
reveal all of the names of the Nazi war criminals and col-
laborators that have been used by the 10 major intelligence
agencies of the U.S. government, and also detail how they
were used." Allen said that he will make this information
available to the judiciary subcommittee and then hold a
special press conference in Washington, following the
hearings. He is currently working on a new book on Nazi
war criminals in America.
(Continued on Page 16)

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Senators, House members and American
and Russian specialists in Soviet affairs called on the Carter Administ-
ration Wednesday to take stern practical measures against the Soviet
government for staging its show trials of dissidents in defiance of inter-
national agreements on human rights, including the Helsinki Act,
which both the U.S. and Soviet Union have signed.
President Carter on Wednesday afternoon called the charges against
Anatoly Shcharansky and Alexander Ginzburg "patently false" and
said the trials of the two had earned the condemnation "of the entire
civilized world."
The Soviet Union was roundly condemned in resolutions in both the
Senate and House, statements and interviews and in other ways. The
U.S. was urged to suspend economic and scientific agreements between
the two countries and warn Moscow about meddling with the traditional
meaning of the Olympic Games in 1980, particularly with reference to
Israel and Russian Jews.
The reaction included calls for the U.S. to withdraw from the Helsinki ANATOLY SHCHARANSKY
Act itself in retaliation for Soviet violations of it, but Jewish leaders,
among others, urged that the U.S. continue its affiliation while acting
against the Soviet in other ways.

Before an overflow crowd of reporters and spectators at the
Rayburn Office Building, the chairman of the U.S. Commission on
Security and Cooperation in Europe, Rep. Dante Fascell (D-Fla.)
declared the Soviet treatment of the Soviet dissidents and West-
ern journalists indicates "an arrogant and inhuman disregard for
the promises made nearly three years ago at Helsinki and raise
serious questions about international integrity of the Soviet gov-

Sen. Robert Packwood (R-Ore.) was one of the advocates of U.S.
withdrawal from the Helsinki accords. But when Fascell put the ques-
tion to two witnesses, William Korey, director of the Bnai Brith's inter-
national policy research department, and Jerry Goodman, executive
director of the National Conference on Soviet Jewry, both opposed such
drastic action.
(Continued on Page 8)


$10,602,500 Allocation for Israel, 20 Percent Increase
for Day Schools Approved from '78 Campaign Funds

Allocation of funds from the 1978
$17,000,000-plus Allied Jewish Cam-
paign, approved by the board ofgovernors
of the Jewish Welfare Federation at its
meeting on June 29, included the sum of
$10,602,500 from the Campaign and the
Israel Emergency Fund for Israel and in-
creases for local and national agencies pro-
vided for in the major Greater Detroit
fund-raising activities.
The largest percentage increase for any
group of agencies provided for in the drive
was for the day schls.

While most of the more than 60 agen-
cies which are beneficiaries of the Al-

lied Jewish Campaign received in-
'creases in the amount of five to seven

percent, Detroit's day schools received
increases of 20 percent.

The United Hebrew Schools, including
the Midrasha and the special UHS-Cong.
Shaarey Zedek High School program, re-
ceived the largest single agency grant,
$827,500 an increase of $41,500.
The Jewish Community Center's impro-
ving budgetary situation was reflected in
an allocation of $825,000 for the corning
year. With its fiscal problems in control
and capital improvement in place, the
Center is expected to be able to agument

services to various segments in the com-
munity in 1979.
In her report from the Culture and Edu-
cation Division, chairman Tillie Brand-
wine noted that her division seeks to meet
the needs of youth. Thus, the three Hillel
Foundations at Michigan, Michigan State
and Wayne State Universities received
sizable increases.

Dr. Conrad L. Giles, chairman of the
community services budgeting and
planning division, noted in his report
that, in light of the dollars available,
the challenge to allocate a reasonable
share of the funds to each agency, rela-

five to its needs, was a traumatic as-
Faced with increasing demands for its

agencies' services, coupled with rising
costs to maintain these programs, the
Community Services Division will appor-
tion $1,866,236 among 10 beneficiaries.
Included is a $50,000 increase to the
Jewish Home for Aged that reflects the
impact of inflation and a widening gap be-
tween Medicaid income and true costs. At
Jewish Federation Apartments, subsidy of
the kosher meal program was cited as the
reason for a significant rise in funding.

(Continued on Page 6)

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