THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue oj July 20. 1951
Member American Association of English - Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Assistant News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 27th day of Iyar, 5738, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Leviticus 26:3-27:34. Prophetical portion, Jeremiah 16:19-17:14.
Tuesday, Rath Hodesh Sivan, Numbers 28:145.
Candle lighting, Friday, June 2, 8:44 p.m.
VOL. LXXIII, No. 13
Friday, June 2, 1978
Action Needed to Stem USSR Bias
Anatoly Shcharansky's fate hangs in the bal-
ance. The Russian dissident, who is defended by
the White House, the State Department and
many responsible leaders in all walks of life in
refutation of the charge that he had been a CIA
agent, is in danger of his very life after 14
months of imprisonment.
Having been denied a visa to go to Israel, the
basic belief is that the persecution of
Shcharansky is due to his adherence to the
Jewish Refuseniks' cause.
His cudgels were taken up by William
Buckley who has revealed the prejudice inhe-
rent in the charges against a couageous man
who has spoken against the bigotries of the Rus-
As is customary in Russian policies, the trial
is certain to be conducted in secret sessions,
. with little chance of a proper defense. That is
why it is so urgent that public opinion be
aroused in Shcharansky's behalf. A statement
made public throught the New York Times is of
special significance. In behalf of the accused,
Hans J. Morgenthau, Daniel Bell, Saul Bellow,
Nathan Glazer, Irving Howe and H. Stuart
Hughes, representing the Academic Committee
on Soviet Jewry, issued this defensive appeal for
"For one year Shcharansky has been held in-
communicado, forbidden to see visitors, forbid-
den to hire a lawyer of his choice and kept in the
dark about the specific charges against him,
while the state-controlled press and leading
Soviet officials have, even before an indictment,
judged him guilty and called for his execution.
"Anatoly Shcharansky personifies the link
between Jews actively seeking emigration and
the movement for democratic change in the
USSR. Once refused his fundamental right to
leave the USSR, Shcharansky, a computer sci-
entist, became active in the emigration struggle
and helped to write complaints about the law-
lessness with which emigration matters are
treated by Soviet officials. When the Group of
Assistance to the Soviet Implementation of the
Helsinki Agreement was formed in Moscow, he
joined in the belief that the Helsinki Accords, in
which the Soviets committed themselves to
promote human rights, could change decisively
Soviet handling of emigration.
"The Soviet authorities tried to frighten and
demoralize Shcharansky. He was arrested four
times and jailed on fabricated charges for par-
With World-Wids Listings
ticipating in peaceful demonstrations of
"We, the undersigned, are appalled by this
persecution of Anatoly Shcharansky, which
could make of dissent or emigration a form of
treason. And we urge that the Soviet Union, as a
matter of right, release Shcharansky im-
Major data relating to the Zionist movement and Israel has been
mediately and permit him to leave for Israel and
incorporated in the "Zionist Year Book — 5738-39-1978" published
rejoin his wife."
by the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland.
Every voice added to the appeals thus far ad-
This is not a volume limited to the British Isles. There are as many
dressed in Shcharansky's behalf may be of some
facts relating to Zionist and Israeli activities in the U.S. Insofar as the
assistance in preventing a calamity for the – universal aspect of Zionist identifications are concerned, the contents
Russian Jewish dissident. Let there be another
of the newest Year Book cover a vast field.
Edited by Jane Moonman, this volume features articles defining
outpouring of protests mingled with appeals in
Israeli industries and educational institutions as well as historical
the hope that the victim of a Russian plot will
of experiences that led to the rebirth of Israel and the
not be another case of martyrdom in the cause of
struggles for the rescue of survivors from Nazism by settling them in
justice for dissidents and Jews seeking emigra-
tion in the Soviet Union.
1978 Zionist Year Book
An Encyclopedia Compilation
Advance Warni ng on Olympics
Minnesota's U.S. Senator Wendell R. Ander-
son utters a timely warning regarding the ap-
proaching 1980 Olympics, scheduled to be held
Aware of what had happened when Adolf Hi-
tler exercised his venom when the Olympics
were held in Germany in 1936, mindful of the
outrages committed by the Arab terrorists in
Munich in 1972, conscious of the anti-Israel
prejudices in Russia, Senator Anderson raises
the issue of an assurance of fairness to Israel
when the games are to be held in the Soviet
He addressed an inquiry to Soviet Ambas-
sador to the U.S. Anatoly Dobrynin, stating:
"I have received reports recently alleging
there are efforts under way to exclude certain
nations and news organizations from the 1980
Summer Olympic games and the pre-Olympic
Spartakiade in 1979.
"There also have been allegations that an at-
tempt is being made to reduce Israel's member-
ship in the Olympic sports federations to less
than the number required for Olympic qualifi-
cation as a meansto bar their athletes from both
"Political demonstrations and events have
marred the Olympic Games in past years; a
trend that is disturbing to me and my country-
men, as I am sure it is to you.
"My purpose in writing is to reqtest that the
Soviet Union issue a statement that would as-
sure the United States and the rest of the world
of the Soviet Union's commitment to an Olym-
pics that is open to all member nations. Such a
statement would demonstrate to the world that
the Soviet Union does not condone the exclusion
of any member of the Olympic federation or
"As a member of the 1956 U.S. Olympic team,
I am keenly aware of the tremendous contribu-
tion your country will make in 1980. A firm
statement from the Soviet Union now will make
this contribution even more meaningful and
end the rumors and concern that I have out-
"I look forward to your response."
Himself a silver medal winner as a member of
the U.S. hockey team in the 1956 Olympics,
Senator Anderson, whose concerns over major
national interests is being shown in the bill he is
sponsoring for a national U.S. memorial to the
heroes of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, renders
an important service in the task of protecting
decency and fairness in _ sports with the in-
quiries he has directed to the USSR authorities.
The unfriendly attitude toward Israel so
rampant among Russian officials, the
brutalities that are frequently reported in Rus-
sian treatment of Jews, the indecencies towards
dissidents, all combine to make it imperative for
those concerned with sportsmanship to be on
the alert against prejudices. Senator Anderson
must be given widest support in his efforts to
assure fair play in the Olympic Games.
For example, in relation to the latter, Martin Gilbert's "British
Policy and the Illegal Jewish Immigrants" retraces an important
chapter in Zionist pre-statehood history.
Of importance is an article by Prof. Marcus Arkin, "The Future of
South African Jewry."
An authoritative- Israeli writer, Geoffrey Wigoder, writes on "The
Communications Media in Israel."
Of special timeliness is the essay by Percy D. Gourgey, "Jews in
Directories of Zionist functionaries as well as of trading units serve
especially to make the volume important for those seeking contacts
with Zionist leadership.
Listings of Jewish populationll, of the Jewish press, important dates
on the calendar of the year's events, all of importance to Jews in the
Diaspora, all add significantly to the informative nature of this well-
compiled anthological survey.
The references to Israel are especially vital for the possessor of this
Year Book The directories of Israel's diplomatic corps and govern-
ment tourist offices are helpful.
In relation to Israel there are many other guidelines, listing Zionist
federations and other data.
Maps also assist in serving as guidelines for those seeking knowl-
edge and information about Israel and the movements laboring in her
A British Who's Who in Jewry is another 'appendix to the volume.
A foreword by Editor Jane Moonman points out that the changes in
Zionist and Israel history that have taken place during the past year
were taken into consideration in the preparation of this work. The
article by Mark Segal, for example, deals with the events that were
marked by the Sadat visit in Jerusalem.
The 60th anniversary of the Balfour Declaration receives due at-
tention here, Viscount Samuel, who was involved in its issuance,
being quoted here.
An explanatory chapter on the new Israel government, advice and
guidance for the oleh, the Western settler in Israel, and data relating
to the industrial developments in Israel, serve as additional material
enhancing a most informative volume. The fact that a British publi-
cation serves as a guide for American Zionists and friends of Israel
invites highest commendations for the publication of a volume of
merit by the British Zionist Federation.