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March 10, 1978 - Image 32

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-03-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

32 Friday, March 10, 1918


Culinary Prize to U.S.

British Hostility to Jewish Refugees Marked

Newly released documents
about British efforts to pre-


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by a Royal Commission on
the West Indies, despite the
fact that British Jewry in
the meantime pledged to fi-
nance the settlement of the
500 refugees.
MacDonald himself had
his own reservations about
the British Guiana plan,
telling a Cabinet committee
that he was "afraid that
when the refugee settlers
became British subjects (i.e.
after five years) they would
acquire the right to migrate
into the United Kingdom if
they wished."
Hostility to accepting
Jewish refugees anywhere
was voiced by A.W.G. Ran-
dall of the Foreign Office
when commenting on some
300 European Jews whom
the government of Cyprus
refused to admit even on a
temporary basis: "It is un-
thinkable that a miscel-
laneous crowd of Jews could
be admitted to any other
part of the empire," he said
on June 1, 1939.

Burma and Southern
Rhodesia were two more
British possessions con-
sidered as possible
sanctuaries. Although
Foreign Office officials
like Sir Alexander Cado-
gan (later to be Britain's
representative at the Un-
ited Nations) favored
opening the doors, the
idea was turned down at
other levels.

Thus, on March 3, 1939,
an India Office official
commented on the Burma
This Engagement Only
proposal: "There is no possi-
bility of contemplating
large-scale settlement by
Mon. thru Fri. 7 & 9
European refugees in the
Sat. & Sun. 1,3,5,7 & 9
colonies in view of the
objections which

etesoreetefee sIlleek
would be felt against such
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vent Jews from leaving
Europe on the eve of World
War II show that there was
strong opposition to the in-
flux of Jews not only into
Palestine but throughout
the British Empire in places
as far apart as Burma and
the West Indies.
The evidence has been
collated in an article by
Martin Gilbert, the histo-
rian and biographer of Sir
Winston Churchill, who
concludes that lack of sym-
pathy towards Jewish re-
fugees in the Home Office
and the Foreign Office was a
major factor in the ultimate
fate of many European
His article appears in the
1978 issue of the Zionist
Year Book, published by the
Zionist Federation of Great
Britain and Ireland and
edited by Jane Moonman,
and deals with British pol-
icy towards Jewish refugees
between May and Sep-
tember, 1939.
The idea of admitting
Jews to various parts of
the empire was sup-
ported by Malcolm Mac-
Donald who, as colonial
secretary, was architect
of the White Paper limit-
ing the number of entry
certificates to Palestine
in order to appease the
One of the alternative
havens suggested was
British Guiana, where 500
Jewish families would have
been admitted. Objections
were raised first by the
Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, Sir John Simon,
who said it would be an un-
acceptable burden on the
British taxpayer and later


of the indigenous races con-
On March 13, 1939, the
governor of Southern
Rhodesia explained to the
British Consul-General in
Alexandria: "My govern-
ment regrets they are un-
able to accede to request of
the sixteen German Jews
mentioned in your telegram
to migrate to this colony.
Capacity of Southern
Rhodesia for absorbing
aliens is definitely limited."
To illustrate the attitude
shown by some British offi-
cials, Gilbert quotes
another Foreign Office offi-
cial, Roger Makins, who
stated on April 5, 1939:
"Polish Jews will be less
welcome as immigrants in
the colonial empire than
any other class." Patrick
Reilly added (on April 26,
1939) that some of the re-
fugees were "definitely
criminals or spies."
As for the organizers of
the growing illegal im-
migration traffic, a
Foreign Office note,
dated July 10, 1939, said
that it was "as fundamen-
tally anti-social as the
German persecution of
which they complain."
Another official said the
illegal immigration was
largely the work of Re-
visionists, doing it partly
for political reasons and
partly for the "heavy
fares charged."
Gilbert concludes: "Not
only followers of (Zeev)
Jabotinsky (leader of the
Zionist Revisionist Move-
ment), but Jews of no par-
ticular political affiliation,
could be pardoned if the
cynicism revealed by com-
ments such as these were to
induce anger, bitterness, or
even, at times, despair."

f Agudath Israel Leader Asks
CETA Aid for Middle Class


The U.S. Senate was urged
to consider the interests of
the middle class at hearings
fV, • conducted before a Senate
Human Resources sub-
committee last Thursday by
Detroiter, Johnny Johns
Rabbi Menahem Lubin-
Et the Fenton Family
sky, director of Project
COPE, the career guidance
TUES., MARCH 14 thru
and job training agency of
Agudath Israel of America.
The hearings, chaired by
at Olympia Stadium
Sen. Gaylord Nelson of Wis-
consin, dealt with the
Ktntmcky fried
reauthorization of the major
national job training legis-
lation, the Comprehensive
Employment and Training
Act (CETA).
Alluding to attempts to
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poor, Rabbi Lubinsky said
that abandoning the middle
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class would have dire con-
sequences, adding, "Its mis-
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time when it is doing so
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much for the social and
economic stability of our na-
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squeeze on the middle class
Rabbi Lubinsky in his
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testimony emphasized
the high stakes of CETA's
••••,,,.......i.o.•rek.....••••• ■ ••• ■ ••••••••••••••? reauthorizati2p co;


• •

. .



Jewish community. He
said, "What we have
learned in more than
three years of providing
services is the extent of
the myth of Jewish afflu-
ence. In New York City,
for example, 15 percent of
the Jews are poor, a sub-
stantial number of work-
ing age. The New York
Times recently reported
that in some sections of
the Jewish community,
namely Orthodox
Hasidic Jews, un-
employment was as high
as 18 percent Jews also
suffered more than other
groups because of their
substantially higher liv-
ing costs such as for
kosher foods. Once
again, CETA proved to be
a lifesaver in this situa-
tion and continues to be a
source of hope and prac-
tical assistance to an
ethnic community to
overcome a problem to
which it was not accus-
In addition, the Agudath
Israel spokesman also cal-
led for other changes in the
CETA guidelines to expand
_she program: - —

American team members Gunter Heiland, left,
executive pastry chef at the Omni International Hotel
in Atlanta, and Franz Eichenauer of General Foods,
are congratulated by Hans Buschkens of the Cana-
dian Chefs Association.
NEW YORK — A team of breast of capon en croute,
mousseline of chicken with
12 chefs from the U.S. re-
pistachio sauce, veal chop
cently returned from Israel
en crust stuffed with duxel-
with the grand prize and a
les and calf brains, and a
host of medals they had won
walnut cake appropriately
at the first international
named the shalom cake.
conference on Jewish culi-
On the road to becoming
nary art held in Jerusalem.
kings of the kosher kitchen,
During four days of com-
the Americans had to sur-
petition the American team
mount a number of obsta-
outcooked national teams
cles. First, on arrival in Is-
from West Germany, Israel,
Switzerland, Italy, France rael they encountered a
delay in clearing through
and Canada.
According to the team's customs the delicacies and
elaborate cooking equip-
captain, Franz Eichenauer,
ment they had brought with
a research specialist in
General Foods Corpora-
"We solved that problem
tion's experimental kitch-
ens in Tarrytown, N.Y., the by shopping at the Arab
Market located in the Old
concoctions he and his
City and by using large cans
teammates prepared were
for pots," Eichenauer said.
light and delicate in con-
Next, they found that
trast to traditional heavy,
calorie-laden kosher dishes. the kitchen to which they
assigned at the King
"In preparing our
menus, we decided to shy David Hotel was tiny and
poorly equipped. Since it
away from heavy food
and it paid off," is normally used to pre-
Eichenauer said. "We pare cold meals, it lacked
used our imagination and electric ovens. The
adhered carefully to American team had to
kosher food laws in com- prepare all its dishes on
ing up with several new an open fire.
To top it off, the team had
recipes that caused quite
a sensation in the culi- to transport the finished
food and the delicate shrtw-
nary arts world."
Among the American pieces they prepared from
team's dishes that won spe- the King David Hotel to the
cial recognition were: Convention Center by au-
The American team also
Shalom Cake
proved that you don't have
Preheat oven to 375 degrees.
be Jewish to enjoy Jewish
1 cup sugar
cooking. Of the 12 members,
8 egg yolks
two are Jewish.
10 egg whites

cup melted butter
1 cup flour
11/2 cups white bread crumbs
1 cup (chopped fine) hazel or
Pinch of cinnamon, few drops
of rum and vanilla
Grated rind of one lemon
Beat egg whites until stiff,
gradually adding one-half the
sugar. Separately beat egg
yolks together with remaining
sugar and flavorings. When
egg yolk is lemony in color,
carefully fold In egg .whites.
Mix crumbs, flour and nut
meats. Carefully fold the
crumb mixture into the egg
mixture. Now fold In the warm
melted butter. Pour into two 8"
round pans that have been
buttered and floured. Bake at
375 degrees for 35 minutes.
Cut each layer in half, spread
with currant or grape Jelly. Re-
place halves and Ice with but-
tercream icing between layers,
around sides and top of cake.

1 /2


1 cup milk
3 tbsp. cornstarch or
1 package Jell-O Brand
Americana Golden Egg Cus-
tard Mix
2 egg yolks
1/2 pound powdered sugar
1 stick butter or margarine
1/2 cup shortening
rum flavor to taste
1.1 2 cup chopped nut meats
Mix cornstarch or 1 package
Je11-0 Brand Americana Gol-
den Egg Custard Mix and two
egg yolds with 1 cup of milk.
Bring quickly to boil, stirring
constantly. Pour mixture Into a
mixing bowl, add sugar and
rum flavor and mix until cold.
Add butter or margarine (at
room temperature only) and
shortening. Whip mixture very
well. Add grated nutmeats. Ice

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