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February 24, 1978 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-02-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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2 Friday,- February 24, 1918


Purely Commentary

Repeating the Biblical
Admonition: 'Fear Not'

Crises arise more frequently when there are threats and
distortions which often lead to panic.
There appeared a symptom of fear when the shrewd Cai-
rean leader began to bombard American Jewry with mis-
representations regarding his negotiations with Menahem
Begin, Moshe Dayan and other Israeli leaders. Anwar
Sadat was believed to be angling towards divisiveness in
the Jewish community. What a weapon that would be for
him, especially if he can charge Begin with hutzpa while
Sadat himself was acting so arrogantly that even some
commentators who are not usually friendly to Israel called
him belligerent. -
This not the first time an effort has been sensed as being
in the direction of splitting American Jewry. That can
result only from fear.
In the story of his life, Moshe Dayan wrote about the
stress that was caused by the Yom Kippur War. He relates
that when he addressed a very large audience in New York,
after that distressing experience by Israel on the Day of
Atonement, a man shouted from the audience in Yiddish:

"What will be the end?" the man inquired. Dayan at this
turned to the Bible, quoted the oft-repeated "fear not" in
Isaiah 44:2.
And Israel, whom I have chosen;
Triti7 717 nit:t-770 2
=Thus stall the LORD that made
And- formed thee from the womb,
who will help thee:
71; 1; k T171-17t4
Fear not, 0 Jacob My servant.,
And thou, Jeshurun, whom I have

`Fear Not,' Admonished Isaish, Providing Shield
Moshe Dayan Shares With World Jewry in Retaining
Confidence in Israel and Future . . . A Begin Realism

This is really the chief objective of the builders of Zion
and the defenders of rights for the Jew: that if ever there
was danger for Jewry it was in panic. With "Fear Not" as
the motto the enemy will have a lesser chance of invading
Jewish ranks and of splitting them.
"Fear Not" — that's the mode for Jewish survivalism.

By Philip

Did President Sadat, before embarking on his
journey to Jerusalem last November, know that
his two demands were, and must inevitably_ be,
totally unacceptable to Israel? He did.

surprisingly, that he would be ready to come to
Jerusalem to address the Knesset.
On the following day, Nov. 9, I reacted to Presi-
dent Sadat's announcement in a statement that
read: "Israel categorically and absolutely rejects
the conditions named by President Sadat, i.e.,
total withdrawal to the June 1967 lines and the
establishment of a so-called Palestinian state.
These terms, it is known, would constitute a
danger to the very existence of the state of Israel.
However, President Sadat could put forward this
position- at the Geneva conference, as we shall
present our position at the peace conference. I
no party turn its own stand into a prior condit
for participating in the peace conference."
Seven days later, the president of Egypt came to
Jerusalem and was accorded a cordial and re-
spectful reception by the government, Parliament
and people of Israel. He came in full knowledge,
conveyed to him through my public statement,
that, while Israel accepts and proposes free
negotiations without any prior conditions from
either side, we do not and shall not bow to the two
unreasonable demands which, if acted upon,
would place the Jewish state in mortal danger.

On Nov. 8, 1977, the Egyptian president made a
statement to his People's Council in Cairo in
which he put forth his demands that Israel restore
the demarcation lines of June 4, 1967, and ac-
quiesce to the establishment of a "Palestinian"
state in Judea, Samaria (erroneously called the
West Bank) and the Gaza Strip. He then added,

This answers all the distortions that have been uttered in
Cairo, Washington and the European capitals Sadat has
Clip it as a matter of record: don't let Israel's antagonists
pull the wool over the eyes of unsuspecting people. Let the
facts, Begin has enunciated them, speak as loudly as they
can possibly be uttered.

Menahem Begin Prevents
Pulling Wool Over Public Eyes

Menahem Begin's statement in reply to Anwar Sadat's
letter to American Jewry bears repetition. It has been
printed, undoubtedly read and re-read. It needs emphasis.

What Begin did was to summarize briefly the Sadat de-
mands.-The shrewd Cairean wants to be compensated for
receiving a gloriously royal reception from Israelis in
Jerusalem. Begin defined the Sadat demands — he keeps
demanding as he did for arms at his meeting with Con-
gressmen — and the summary by Begin declares:

A Living Legend: Israel's New Chief of Staff `Raful' Eitan


which referred to the war on
the Golan Heights. "What
was the impact of the war on
the Northern Command?"
one member of the Cabinet
asked. Raful answered, "I do
not know about the impact
on the Egyptian front. I only
know that from Beit Shean
to the Golan Heights, and
on the Lebanese border, we
had no impact whatsoever

Jewish News Special
Israel Correspondent

TEL AVIV — Israel's new
chief of staff, Gen. Raphael
"Raful" Eitan, is known as
a courageous fighter and
legendary hero. For more
than 30 years he has per-
sonally led his soldiers into
He served in the Pal-
mach, where several times
he fought the enemy with
his bare fists. In the War of
Independence, he served in
the Jerusalem area.,
He took part in the fam-
ous battle around the Saint
Simon Monastery in Kata-
mon. It was a crucial battle.
The Israeli soldiers had lit-
tle hope of getting out alive,
there were dozens of dead
and wounded. Talk of
suicide was heard. But the
bravery of Raful saved the
day. He was wounded in the
head but he led his soldiers
to victory.
In the 1950s Raful dis-
tinguished himself as
group commander of
paratroopers in the re-
taliation battles, when he
always led his soldiers in
the most dangerous op-
erations. He stormed for-
tresses and fortified
enemy lines.
He was wounded several
times, but carried on, and
was mentioned in dis-
patches by the Chief of Staff
Gen. Moshe Dayan.
In the Sinai Campaign in
1956 Raful commanded a
parachute battalion which
started the fighting far be-
hind the lines of the enemy
in the Mitle Pass. He distin-
guished himself in the Six
Day War as commander of
the paratroops within the
division of Gen. Israel Tal.
In the Yom Kippur War
Raful left his headquarters
on the Golan Heights only

_ Refu 1 is inclined to seclu-
sion and silence. He speaks
slowly, frankly and directly.
He has a clear mind and
does not like sophisticated
words. Characteristicly, he
was with the Chief of Staff
and listened to direct re-
ports about the Entebbe ac-
tion. When the commander
of the action, Gen. Dan
Shomron reported that the
last Israeli plane had safely
left Entebbe, he said: "Let
us get home. Now the 'post
mortem' will start and this
is not for us . . . "
Gen. Tal praises Raful's
courage. The former Minis-
ter for Defense Shimon
Peres sees him as a hero.



when the Syrian tanks were
already approaching the
fence of the camp. He dis-
tinguished himself several
Raful likes agricultural
work and carpentry as hob-
bies. He is a pilot. He is very
modest and always carries a
Galil rifle.
He speaks openly and
has a sense of humor.
When U.S. Assistant De-
fense Secretary Clements
visited Metula, fighting
was going on near the Is-
raeli border between
Palestinian terrorists
and Christian fighters in
Lebanon. Clements
asked Raful what he was
doing in this situation
and Raful answered:
"One sits on his backside
and waits." "How do you
see the Syrians today?",
he was asked. "Through
my binocular glasses," he
After the Yom Kippur
War, some Israeli Cabinet
members visited the North-
ern front. Raful accom-
panied them and tried to
answer their questions,

As commander of the
Northern area Raful was
not always satisfied with
decisions of the govern-
ment about the Israeli
reaction to Syrian inva-
sion of Lebanon and ter-
rorist activity from
Lebanon. But he always

executed the orders of
the government.
He keeps strict discipline,
demands a lot from his sol-
diers, but serves them as
their best example. He has
never used the special car of
a commander for sleeping
and has always slept in the
field bed in his office.
Raful comes from a poor
family. He always worked
hard and joined the Israeli
Defense Forces as a youngs-
ter. His father, Eliyahu
Kaminsky, was a member of
teh "Hashomer" Defense
Force, coming to Israel from
the Ukraine in 1903.
Kaminsky married Miriam
Orlow who also came from
Russia. The couple settled
in the Kibbutz Tel Adas-
chim. The Turkish au-
thorities arrested him for
Zionist activity and he had
to leave Palestine. He came
back with the British Army
commanded by Gen. Al-
After the Yom Kippur
War, Raful believed that
a state of emergency
should be declared,
luxuries sacrificed, and
that people should live in
austerity and change the
distribution of national
resources. He announced
that he would not accept
raises in salary, but no-
body followed his lead.
"We are still in the stage
of our struggle for indepen-

Israeli Yeshivot Get More Funds

state budget for Israel will
include a marked increase
in the government's alloca-
tion to yeshivot, Rabbi
Shlomo Lorincz, veteran
Agudath Israel leader and
chairman of the Knesset
Finance Committee, told
the Parliament.

The 1978 budget which
goes into effect on April 1
will reimburse yeshivot
4,000 Israeli pounds for
each yeshiva student and IL
5,000 for each graduate
school fellow, a 330 percent
increase over previous

dente," - Raful used to say.
When he saw how Arabs
settled heavily in the
Galilee he could not under-
stand the indifference of the
Jews towards the small
scale of immigration to Is-
When military cars were
attacked in Arab villages,

he demanded a policy of
strong retaliation. Raful is
dissatisfied with the low
standard of morale in the Is-
raeli population. He always
maintained that he is not
afraid of the military
strength of Arab armies.
They are not capable of de-
feating Israel, he said.

Study: Involvement Helped
Aged Jews End Depression


(Copyright 1978, JTA, Inc.)

A study and treatment
program for elderly Jews in
Philadelphia confirmed
that feelings of depression
are widespread among such
Jews and that intensified
personal involvement with
social workers helps the vic-
tims while anti-depressant
drugs have little effect.
The experiment was re-
ported in the November
issue of "The Circle" an offi-
cial publication of the Na-
tional Jewish Welfare
The results were made
public by the Florence G.
Heller-JWB Research
Center, in cooperation with
the department for senior
adult services and research
of the Jewish Ys and centers
of Greater Philadelphia.
The study indicated
that many of the elderly
Jews served at the Ys and
centers in Philadelphia
"exhibit symptoms of
moderate to severe de-
pression." The study
added that "the nature of
center programming of-
fers unique, relatively
unexplored possibilities"
for helping Jews with
such problems.
A research team de-
veloped a year-long experi-
mental project in reaching
the elderly Jews, followed

by a year's analysis of the
findings. The project was di-
rected by Dr. Jeffry Galper,
associate professor at Tem-
ple University's social ad-
ministration school, and
Seymour Kornblum, con-
sultant on Aging Services
for JWB and director of
senior adult services and re-
search at the Jewish Ys and
centers of Philadelphia.
The research workers set
out to determine how com-
mon and severe feelings of
depression were among el-
derly members of the Ys and
centers, how responsive
such depressed Jews would
be to treatment at the
center, and what fo e
treatment might take
Two treatment
sibilities were considere
chemotherapy and "inten-
sified involvement" with
trained center workers.
The study found that
the intensive involve-
ment treatment brought
"a statistically signific-
ant increase in energy
levels, leadership and in-
teraction, although there
was not an increase in ac-
tual number of hours
spent at the center.
The study found "some
improvement" from the
chemical treatment, but
added that 'it was not statis-
tically significant."

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