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February 24, 1978 - Image 16

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-02-24

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16 Fridai, FebWife, 1978

State Department's Human Rights Report
Criticizes Israel's Handling of Territories

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Over 20 Years Experience -

NEW YORK — Baruch-
Spinoza, whose ideas ex-
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Best known as a
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WASHINGTON (JTA) —
The State Department's
second annual report to
Congress on human rights
in 105 countries receiving
U.S. aid in some form gave
Israel a mixed review while
issuing high marks to Egypt
and President Anwar
Sadat.
The 426-page report, re-
quired by law and published
by the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee and the
House International Rela-
tions Committee, glossed
over Saudi Arabian customs
of justice, notes improve-
ment in Syria under Presi-
dent Hafez Assad, observes
that Lebanon's government
has thus far been unable to
reassert its authority
throUghout the country,
and says that Jordan is
"politically stable." Corn-
munist countries, except
Yugoslavia, were not re-
ported on.
Israel, within its national
borders, the report said, is
"a full-fledged parliamen-
tary democracy whose stan-
dards and administration
of justice are comparable to
those of the United States
and the other Western
democracies."
Continuing, the report
stated: Under the milit-
ary regime that governs
the occupied territories,
certain of the normal
human rights guarantees
that are taken for
granted in Israel proper
have been superseded on
security grounds. This
dichotomy poses a di-
lemma that will probably
be resolved only in the
contest of final,peace set-
tlement with their
neighbors."
The 10-page section on Is-
rael, double the space de-
voted to any one of Israel's
neighboring countries,
charged the Israelis with
abuses of Arab rights in oc-

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cupied territories. Israel's
tactics —in those areas, it
said, include "the use of ex-
treme physical and
pressures
psychological
interrogation,"
during
using excessive force to
quell demonstrations,-
searching the homes of
Arabs without warrants,
and expelling Arab "sec-
urity suspects."
Following the report's is-
suance, the Israel Embassy
issued a statement that
said: "Obviously the report
notes the difference bet-
ween those standards
applied in Israel and those
which security considera-
tion force Israel to apply in
the territories under its con-
trol. Nevertheless, in spite
of those difficulties, the
government and the people
of Israel are trying to apply
the highest standards and

their own perception of
human rights everywhere
and to everybody."
A study shows the reports
are uneven in their presen-
tations. While the report on
Israel does not mention the
terrorism, such as bombings
employed against Israelis,
the-survey on Jordan notes
that faced with "internal
and external challenges,
the government has some-
times resorted to detention
without trial."
The report on Egypt is
in highly optimistic
terms. It praises Sadat
for relaxing police state
tactics. "Egyptians are
enjoying civil and politi-
cal freedoms to an un-
precedented degree, it
says.
While newspaper reports
and Amnesty International

'

statements are included in
the survey on Israel, it con-
cludes the Saudi Arabia re-
port with the sentence, "To
the best of our knowledge
the Saudi government has
not been asked to accept
outside independent inves-
tigations of alleged human
rights violations."
"In a significant, positive
step, the government issued
a series of decrees in late
1976, and early 197 in-
a-
tended to eliminate
ed
ally all officially spo
forms of discrimination
against Syria's Jewish
community except the pro-
hibition against emigrating
freely. -It will be necessary
to observe the implementa-
tion of these recent relaxa-
tions over a period of time
before a fmal judgement can
be made as to their effec-
tiveness."

Influence of Hutzpa Spreading

By DAVID SCHWARTZ

(Copyright 1978, JTA, Inc.)

People talk about the de-
cline in Yiddish speaking.
They point to the fact that
there is today only one Yid-
dish daily left. So what? The
English papers are now
using Yiddish.
Recently, the New York
Times in its editorial head-
line used the word "hutzpa." .
In the same week, the high
brow weekly, The New Re-
public, had the same word
running through a page of
its comment.
The Times used the word
in connection with the
Egyptian stand on Israel.
The New Republic
employed it in connection
with the Arab oil cartel. The
Saudis complain that with
the American dollar going
down, they are getting less
for their oil.
"The Saudis," writes
the New Republic, "have
colossal 'hutzpa."Their
oil heist has battered the
economies of the indust-
rial nations. The battered
U.S. dollar is just one
piece of evidence of just
how much damage has
been done. Which brings
us to the great Saudi
grievance. Unable to in-
vest their surplus at
home, unwilling to share
it with their indigent
Third World brothers,
the Saudis have invested
in the U.S. dollar which
had the temerity to de-
cline in value. The Saudis
don't like this. While they
are very much richer,
they are also getting a lit-
tle poorer."
The complaint of the
Saudis reminds the New
Republic of the old Yiddish
story about hutzpa -- about
the chap who murdered his
father and mother and then
pleaded for mercy on the
grounds that he was an or-
phan.
Well, there was some
good news for Israel. The Is-
rael travel office reported
that more than a million
tourists came to Israel dur-
ing the past year. The first

time the million mark had
been reached.
One might have supposed
that with all the talk of Is-
rael's difficulties with the
Arabs tourism would show a
decline. But it seems to have
worked directly contrary. It
seems that the advertising
of Israel's difficulties have
only increased the world's
admiration for Israel — the
little David which . dares
stand up against the great
oil Goliath.
Books and plays about
Israel pour forth from the
presses of the world. The
publishers will soon be
out with Premier
Menah.em Begin's biog-
raphy. And Abba Eban
has been coaxed to do
another work.
There must be something
unique about this tiny coun-
try which makes it so large
in the minds of people.
The final proof of the vit-

ality of Israel came with a
news story in the New YOrk
Times by its Israel corres-
pondent, William E. Far-
rell, telling of the opening of
the first Chinese kosher re-
staurant in Israel.
There is a tradition that
back in the days of the
prophet Isaiah, there were
some relations between Is-
rael and China. The "Chit-
tim" mentioned in the Bible
is thought by some to refer
to China. Anyway, the re-
semblance of won ton soup
to kreplach is sure proof of
some old tie,
The Chinese restaurant
in Tel Aviv, of course, will
be strictly kosher. The
chef Lilah Kan is de-
scribed as a breezy young
Chinese woman, born in
California. She is quoted
as saying, "I always
wanted to come to Israel.
In my 20's Iliad a fantasy
of working on a kibutz.

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