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January 27, 1978 - Image 14

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-01-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

14 Friday, January 27, 1978

NYC Audit Proves Welfare Discrimination Against Poor Jews

By BEN GALLOB

the Jewish poor in New
York City have been the
victims of severe discrimi-
nation in the distribution of
anti-poverty funds has been
inferentially sustained by an
audit by New York • City
Comptroller Harrison J.
Goldin of the city's anti-
poverty program.
The Metropolitan New
York Coordinating Council
on Jewish Poverty lauded
the comptroller's report as
having "officially vindi-t
cated - the coordinating
council's repeated charges
of bias against the city's

(Copyright 1978, JTA, Inc.)

The persistent charge that

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poor Jews, estimated by the
council to total around
400,000 and to be the third
largest poverty group in the
city.
Jerome Becker, coordi-
nating council president,
noted that the audit re-
leased on Nov. 28 by Goldin
denounced the Council
Against Poverty (CAP), un-
til recently the city's agency
for allocation of anti-pover-
ty funds, for using "use-,
less - data in deciding how
the funds should be allo-
cated. Becker said that,
from its inception, the
coordinating council has re-
peatedly declared that use
of "these outmoded cri-
teria - in effect has dis-
enfranchised the vast ma-
jority of the Jewish poor in
New York City.
The coordinating council
issued on Nov. 2 a review of
the city's anti-poverty pro-
gram prepared by Rabbi
Jack Simcha Cohen, the
council's executive director.
He charged that the CAP
had failed to serve the city's
poor Jews and that despite
"incontrovertible evidence
documenting these inequi-
- ties," the city government

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had not corrected the prob-
lem.
The two principal charges
made by the Jewish organi-
zations and supported infer-
entially by the Goldin audit
report, are that the criteria
for determining poverty are
outmoded, based on 15-year-
old federal census data, and
that there have been major
population shifts within the
city to which the present
structure for anti-poverty
funding has been totally un-
responsive.
The coordinating council
cited three major criteria

used to establish definitions
of poverty areas: the num-
ber of live births in city
hospital wards; cases of
juvenile delinquency in 1965
per 100 population; number
of cases of welfare recipi-
ents.
The coordinating council
and other Jewish agencies
have stressed that Jewish
poverty is unlike that of the
mass of urban poor in that
the Jewish poor are mainly
elderly Jews. The first two
criteria are irrelevant for
them.
The third is unfair in ap-

plication because many
Jews are reluctant to apply
for welfare, partly because
they consider it demeaning
and partly because it would
mean they would have to
give up such small savings
as they have been able to
put aside, to be used to
assure them proper burials.

The coordinating council,
in its Nov. 2 analysis, noted
that these criteria also dis-
enfranchise many non-Jew-
ish _white poor residents.
New York is presently re-
organizing CAP.

British Official Bevin's Papers Printed
Opposed Jewish State in the- Middle East

By MAURICE
SAMUELSON

(Copyright 1978, JTA, Inc.)

LONDON—A month be-
fore announcing publicly in
1947 that Britain would put
the question of Palestine in
the hands of the United Na-
tions, 'Ernest Bevin, the
Foreign Secretary, told
Cabinet colleagues that he
favored a Palestinian state
predominantly under Arab
control and opposed the cre-
ation of an independent
Jewish state.
Bevin's preferences were
revealed in Cabinet papers
published last week under
the rule which removes
them from the secret list
after 30 years.
Bevin's anti-Zionist poli-
cies are spelled out in a
memorandum dated Jan. 16,
1947, saying that the parti-
tion of Palestine would be a
"desperate remedy. - He fa-,
vored self-governing Jewish
cantons in a mainly Arab-
ruled Palestine.
However, Bevin's anti-Zi-
onist stance was bitterly
criticized by Arthur Creech-
Jones, the Colonial Secre-
tary, as "a gross betrayal of
the Jews." He.asserted that
the Jews would "accept no
solution which denies their
claim for statehood."
Creech-Jones was no
doubt referring to the Labor
Party's traditional support
for Zionist aspirations, re-
stated only a year before at
the party's national confer-
ence which proposed that
Arabs should be •encouraged
to leave Palestine as Jewish
immigrants moved in.

The pro-Arab position of
Bevin and others was based
on their perceptions of Brit-
ain's national interest. A
memorandum submitted by
Bevin, together with Ema-
nuel Shinwell, Minister of
Fuel, acknowledged Brit-
ain's growing dependence
on Middle East oil and em-
phasized the risks to Britain
in offending the Arabs and
in encouraging Jewish set-
tlement and a Jewish state.
The hostility of the Arabs,
the Bevin-Shinwell memo-
randum said, could lead to
the removal of British in-
fluence from the entire Mos-
lem area lying between
Greece and India. "This

would not only have strate-
gic consequences. It would
also jeopardize the security
of our interest and the in-
creasingly important oil
production in the Middle
East."
The importance of Pales-
tine for Britain's security
was stressed by Field Mar-
shall Montgomery, the
Army Chief of Staff, and his
Naval and RAF colleagues.
They told Prime Minister
Clement Atlee that Pales-
tine was "of special impor-
tance." In war, "Egypt
would be our key position in
the Middle East and it was
necessary that we should
hold Palestine as a screen
for the defense of Egypt,"
they said.
While the defense chiefs
foresaw Britain retaining
positions in Palestine what-
ever political solution was
arrived at in the country,
Bevin and Creech-Jones
somberly concluded that it
was "impossible to arrive at
a peaceful settlement in Pa-
lestine on any basis what-
soever. -
It would be "humiliating"
for Britain simply to with-
draw leaving no settlement
behind them, they. said.

However, they feared there
would be a breakdown of
discipline among British
troops "if provocation by
the Jewish terrorists contin-
ues." These discussions on
Palestine took place against
the background of an eco-
nomic crisis in Britain itself
which contributed to the
eventual decision to with-
draw.

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