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January 20, 1978 - Image 42

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-01-20

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

42 Friday, January 20, 1978

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Anti-Boycott Law, EEC Cooperation Against Boycott Topics for Congress

WASHINGTON (JTA)—
Congressional forces fight-
ing the Arab boycott of
American companies trad-
ing with Israel will push two
major matters after the
House and Senate recon-
vene for the second half of
the current-95th--L-session.
One deals with implemen-
tation of the anti-boycott
law enacted last spring af-
ter laborious conferences in-
volving representatives of
government, business and
Jewish organizations. The
other concerns inducing the
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munity (EEC) to adopt
measures similar to the
American , legislation to
oppose the boycott.
Although President Carter
signed into law last June the
legislation to help protect
U.S. commerce, industry
and finance against discrim-
ination by Arab govern-
ments, the Administration
has yet to provide the regu-
lations for businesses to ob-
serve in carrying out the
law.

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Technically, the regu-
lations must have become
effective Tuesday, but the
Department of Commerce
which was to issue them has
yet to make them public.
One cause for the delay is
said to be the opposition by
anti-boycott elements to the
original drafts of the regu-
lations. These elements held
that the regulations were
less effective than what
they believe is the intent of
the law Congress adopted.
Besides barring discrimi-
nation against Americans
by foreign traders on the
basis of race, religion, na-
tional origin or sex, the U.S.
law also specifies that no
American company can re-
fuse to do business with a
boycotted country (Israel)
nor refuse to do business
with another company en-
gaged in business with Is-
rael if the refusal is de-
signed to further or support
the boycott.
With Rep. Benjamin
Rosenthal, a House deputy
whip in the vanguard, the
anti-boycott Congressmen
will seek to encourage the
State Department to work
with the European countries
in adopting anti-boycott leg-
islation.
Although former Secre-
tary of State Henry Kissi-
nger, at the time of the
Sinai accords between Is-
rael and Egypt, pledged to
Israel that the U.S. would
try to expand the anti-boy-
cott activity to Europe, his
successor opposes that
view. Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance specifically
told the House International
Relations Committee early -
last year that it was inadvis-
able for the U.S. to encour-
age other countries to adopt
laws similar to those the
U.S. was then considering.
A Congressional sub-
committee also pledged ef-
forts to urge Europeans to
join the anti-boycott moves.
In a related development,
Robert Guyton, president of
the National Bank of
Georgia, has told the At-
lanta Jewish community
there would be m restric-
tions on the bank's dealings
with any country, including
Israel, as a result of its
purchase by Saudi Arabian
entrepreneur Ghaith Pha-
raon.

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problems. But once these
are lifted, I don't see any
reason why I shouldn't be
dealing with Israel."
In an exclusive interview
with the Southern Israelite,
Guyton said that Pharaon's
statement about restrictions
referred to his Saudi inter-
ests, not the bank's.
Pharaon has purchased
120,000 shares or 60 percent
of Bert Lance's stock in this
city's fifth largest bank.
Lance was director of the
Office of Management and
Budget in the Carter Admin-
istration before he was
forced to resign last year.
While Guyton did not deny

that Pharaon's majority
ownership could enable him
to make a major policy
change, the bank president
added: "It couldn't happen
without clearing out the pre-
sent management," adding,
"Our policy will not change
from what it had been pre-
viously."
Regarding the boycott is-
sue, Guyton stated: "We
couldn't live with that kind
of situation. It might be
different in Saudi Arabia,
but he (Pharaon) is in our
country now and has got to
have his investments man-
aged in the way this country
operates."

Arms Sales to Saudis Major Congress Issue

WASHINGTON (JTA)—
Shaping up as the major
controversial issue in the
United. States arms sales
policy when Congress recon-
venes is Saudi Arabia's un-
quenched desire for the
most advanced weaponry in
the American arsenal, par-
ticularly F-15 fighter planes,
which are rated the world's
best, and closer adherence
by the Carter Adminis-
tration to the Saudi per-
ception of a Middle East
peace.
Congressional sources in-
dicated that the Saudi
request for the F-15s is
being "considered" and that
key Congressmen are being
consulted. However, it is un-
derstood from State Depart-
ment sources that the Car-
ter Administration has
agreed to deliver the planes
if Congress is willing. That,
it is said, was a major rea-
son for Energy Secretary
James Schlesinger's four-
day visit to Saudi Arabia
last week.
One of the topics Schlesi-
nger may have discussed
with the Saudis was whether
they would contribute to the
Carter Administration's
proposal for a huge stock-
pile of crude oil and wheth-.
er Saudi Arabia would in-
crease production to supply
world energy needs in the
1980s.
In return, it is understood
here, the Saudis want the F-
15s and other sophisticated
weaponry and a Washington
commitment to support
Arab sovereignty over East
Jerusalem as well as pres-

sure Israel to withdraw to
its 1967 borders.

a reward for President An-
war Sadat's journey to Je-
rusalem last November, ac-
cording to Congressional
sources.

Saudi Arabian officials, on
their visit to Washington
last spring, pledged that oil
will not be used as a pres-
Insofar as Israel is con-
sure element in Mideast set-
cerned, the feeling at the
tlement negotiations, but
Capitol is that the Carter
this is now believed no long-
Administration will again
er operative.
offer $1 billion in military
Congress is also due to sales credits as it has in the
consider American arms current fiscal year. Ac-
sales policy toward Egypt tually, this figure would rep-
and Israel. The. Adminis- resent a decline in assist-
tration undoubtedly is pre- ance to Israel in view of the
pared to provide some form ravages of inflation and the
of massive arms support as increased cost of weapons.

Egypt UN Mission Has Jewish Guests

NEW YORK — Peace was percent of the Middle East
conflict is based on psycho-
the order of the day for
logical fear," he told his
some 35 teenagers, all
members of the Springfield, young audience, "and
Mass., Jewish Community through talking to each oth-
Center, who met with repre- er, the peace process has
sentatives of both the Egyp- been given momentum that
tian and Israeli missions to is irreversible."
At the Israeli mission,
the United Nations in New
York. The unusual meeting Ron Colman, an aide to UN
Ambassador Chaim Herzog,
took place just two days
after Israeli Prime Minister told the students to "treat
Menahem Begin's historic the UN with a grain of salt,
dialogue with Egyptian and concentrate on what is
leader Anwar Sadat in Is- really happening in the
Nliddle East." He said the
mania, Egypt.
students could hasten the
Prior to the meetings, the
coming of peace by writing
students had been briefed
letters to elected officials
by the Center's professional
and other opinion molders.
staff on historic, economic,
As a gesture of goodwill
military and psychological
and hope, the students pre-
aspects of the Middle East.
sented both representatives
At the Egyptian mission,
with basketballs, signalling
press secretary Ayman El
the friendship between
Amir noted that a viable
American youth and youth
peace settlement in the
Middle East would be one
in Israel and Egypt.
that would suit all the na-
A father should be treated
tions there and not just
like a king.
Egypt and Israel. "Seventy

Police Detain Student Visiting Dying Father

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In addition, Pharaon him-
self was quoted in the At-
lanta Journal as saying,
"We would welcome the
Jewish community in this
country doing business with
us, because it is only by
closer understanding and
communication that we can
solve much of our differen-
ces and problems."
However, concern on the
part of some of the bank's
Jewish customers was
aroused when the Atlanta
Journal also quoted Pha-
raon as saying, "We are
restricted now from doing
business with Israel by the
Palestinian and boycott

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A Michigan State Univer-
sity student on a journey to
visit his dying father has
been detained by Israeli po-
lice in a prison near Tel
Aviv for more than three
weeks on suspicion of ter-
rorism.

Sami Esmail of Lansing
left last month for the West
Bank to see his dying fa-
ther. He was arrested by
Israeli police as his plane
landed. Esmail is an Ameri-
can citizen of Palestinian
heritage.
Countering reports by his

family that Esmail had
been beaten and placed in
solitary confinement, Ken-
neth Brown, State Depart-
ment spokesman, said the
U.S. Consulate was working
on the case, and that there
was nothing to indicate that
Esmail was being
mistreated.
Controversial Israel at-
torney Felicia Langer, rep-
resenting young Esmail,
helped get him out of prison
to visit his father, who died
Jan. 4. )

Esmail, a graduate stu-

dent and graduate teaching
assistant in electrical engi-
neering and systems at
MSU, Esmail has already
been given two hearings
before an Israeli magis-
trate. Another hearing will
be held Saturday.
In a related development,
a 55-year-old Arab and his
10-year-old son were killed
by an explosion of a time
bomb they picked up in a
vacant lot Friday. An explo-
sive device detonated on an
Egged bus in Jerusalem
Sunday causing slight dam-
age but no casualties.

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