President Visits Monument
to Warsaw Ghetto Martyrs
On his visit to Poland over the weekend, U.S. President Jimmy Car-
ter visited the Nike memorial to Warsaw's war dead, and the mon-
ument to the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943 (photo-
graphs at right ).
According to Time magazine, police kept away all but a handful of
official observers. "The Polish government had tried to persuade
Carter not to visit either site," according to Time. "The first is a
painful reminder that Soviet troops could have intervened in the.
uprising (of Polish citizens in 1944) but instead waited, just across the
Vistual River, until Warsaw was leveled; the second recalls for many
_ Poles the fact that anti-Semitism still exists in their country."
Carter laid a wreath with the Star of David at the Ghetto
monument, and stood alone for a moment in silent prayer.
Descending the monument steps, he hailed the "great courage and
Ravery" of the 300,000 Jews of the Ghetto who held off the Nazis for
more than a month before the Ghetto was systematically razed and
the Jews anihilated.
"They died alone, but they live in our consciences," Carter said.
Campaign as Key
Commentary, Page 2
HE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
26-Point Plan -
for Peace and
Editorial, Page 4
VOL. LXXII, No. 18 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833 $12.00 Per Year: This Issue 30° January 6, 1978
Positive Note Marks Carter Visit;
Be in Firmly Against New State
Israel Population Reaches
the 3.6 Million Mark iLn'77
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Israel's population was 3,650,000 at the end of
1977, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics. The Jewish
population is 3,076,000 and the non-Jewish is 574,000. The rate of growth
has decreased in both sectors.
The statistics showed:
• The number of Jews increased by 56,000 in 1977, an increase of 1.8
percent compared to 2.1 percent in 1976.
• The non-Jewish population increased by 19,000, a 3.5 percent hike
compared to 3.9 percent in 1976.
• Of the 56,000 Jews, 52.000 were born in Israel, the remainder were
• Some 17,000 Israelis left the country permanently.
According to the bureau, there were 29,500 marriages the previous
year, compared to 32,300 in 1975 — a decline of nine percent. At the
same time the divorce rate increased nine percent.
not be any self-determination as the
term is understood in international law
and practice for the problem of the
Palestinian Arabs. There is self-deter-
mination for the Arabs in the existence
of 21 sovereign (Arab) states." Begin
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The World Zionist Organization's
sought to reinforce his point by noting
settlement department is going ahead with a project to
"there are now several million
establish new settlements in the Rafah salient of northern
Mexican Americans living in the United
Sinai despite Premier Men'ahem Begin's peace plan that
States and they don't ask for the crea-
would return that region to Egyptian sovereignty.
tion of a Mexican state on the border of
The project, which calls for about 100 new settlements in
the southern regions of Israel and northern Sinai, was
Mexico and the U.S." -
presented to the WZO executive Monday by the chairman of
At Aswan, in a prepared statement,
the settlement department, Raanan Weitz.
Carter mentioned three -fundamental
Known as the "Southern Project," it calls for a popu-
"principles...which must be observed
lation of 10,000 fathilies earning their. livelihood from
before a just and a comprehensive peace
agriculture and another 25,000 families employed in related
can be achieved." He said the first was
"true peace...based on normal relations
Weitz presented a similar plan for the Jordan Valley
among the parties" and "more than just
where 3,500 Israelis presently live and work in about 21
an end to belligerency."
settlements. He proposed the settlement of another 1,000
The second principle, he said "must
families there. According to Weitz, there will be no
be withdrawal by Israel from territories
difficulty finding recruits because dozens of young people
(Continued on Page 27)
have expressed interest in settling in the region.
Jewish community are complementary, for both are sources of
Many local rabbis will be participating in the second annual United
strengthening our people, enabling us to enrich our own lives while
Jewish Appeal National Shabat tonight and tomorrow. UJA Shabat is a
helping to sustain those of others.
day marked for reinforcement of the strong spiritual and ethical
"UJA National Shabat gives us the opportunity to look inward for new
connection between the synagogue and the ongoing work of the UJA
impetus for our work and to reach outward to all our people in need, in
and local federations, said Rabbi Irwin Groner of Cong. Shaarey Zedek,
Israel, at home and throughout the world."
a member of the UJA Rabbinical Advisory Council.
Many rabbis in the Detroit area will be including mention of UJA
Shabat in their sermons. Several rabbis have composed special
"We have come to realize that the source of our ethical life stems
readings for the occasion.
from our deepest and most profound Jewish roots," the rabbi said.
(See related stories, Pages 18 and 20)
"The roles of the synagogue and UJA/Federation within our American
Symbol to Commemorate
Thirty Years of Statehood
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Premier Menahem Beoin spoke out strongly Wednesday against any proposal for
Palestinian self-determination. He made his remarks in an impromptu meeting with newsmen at the
Knesset only hours after President Jimmy Carter, following a 50-minute meeting with President Anwar
Sadat of Egypt at Aswan, alluded to Palestinian self-determination as one of the fundamental "principles"
of a Middle East peace settlement.
"We do not beat about the bush," Begin declared. "The term self-determination means a Palestinian
state and we will not agree to such a mortal danger to Israel. The PLO would take it over in no time and
Soviet base" for attacking Israel. "Soviet artillery would be supplied to an Arafatian state
turn it into a -
(PLO chieftain Yasir Arafat) within a matter of days or weeks at most," Begin contended.
He expressed gratification that neither Sadat nor Carter had included the words "Palestinian state" in
their remarks after the Aswan meeting. "If indeed the two presidents did not use this term one should
note this favorably," Begin said.
However, he declared, "There can-
WZO Planning New
Settlements in Sinai