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October 28, 1977 - Image 62

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Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-10-28

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, 62 friday, October 28, .1977 ) .,THE DETROIT 'JEWISH NEWS

Jewish Settlers on Golan Prosper, W ant Growth

By MOSHE RON

The Jewish News
Special Israel Correspondent

TEL AVIV—Establishing
Jewish settlements on the
Golan Heights started
immediately after the Six-
Day War. The Golan
Heights are 80 kilometers
long and 30 kilometers wide,
but only the southern part of
the Golan is fertile enough
for agriculture.
In ancient times the Golan
belonged to • the tribe of
Menashe. For many gener-
ations there were Jewish
settlements on the Golan.
One can still find remains of
ancient synagogues with
mosaics, Hebrew and Ara-
maic writings, pictures of
the Rambam, menorot, and
other Jewish religious
symbols.
Jews tried to resettle the
Golan at the end of the 19th
Century, when large-scale
Jewish settlement in Israel
began. Jews bought large
tracts of land in the Golan.
One of the buyers was the
famous Baron Edmond
Rothshield. Several Jewish
settlements like Bnei Yeh-
uda, Tiferet Binyamin,
Rumsania and others were
founded. But the harsh envi-
ronment of the Golan, its
separation from other Jew-
ish settlements and the hoS-
tility of neighboring Arabs
led to the liquidation of
these settlements. In 1920
only one Jewish family - the
Bernsteins - remained in
Bnei Yehuda. One day
neighboring Arabs assaulted
the family and murdered its
members. The Arabs took
over the Jewish settle-
ments, and until June, 1967
no Jew lived in the Golan.
For years, Syrian artil-
lery, positioned on the
Golan bombarded Israeli
villages in the Jordon Val-
ley, Hula Valley and Lake
Kinneret. Many villagers
were killed and wounded in
these attacks. -
In the Six Day War in
June 1967, Zahal (the Israel
Defense Force) put an end
to these murderous
assaults. It stormed the
Golan Heights with tanks
and armored cars, occupied
the Heights and advanced to
a distance of 40 kilometers
from Damascus.
After the capture of the
Golan, the building of Jew-
ish settlements started.
Work was very difficult in
the terrain. Water pipelines
had to be laid, roads had to
be built, schools and kinder-
gardens were needed. Huge
sums of money were
needed. Today, after 10
years, 3,600 persons, includ-
ing 1,000 children, are liv-
ing on the Golan. A special
"Children's Day" was cele-
brated on the occasion of
the 10th year settlement on
the Golan Heights. Children
from all settlements were
present. A second celebra-
tion was held in the first set-
tlement of the Golan, Nevo
Hama. Members of the
Israeli government took
part. There was also a show
entitled "My House on the
Golan."
t_.

The Minister for Agricul-
ture, Arik Sharon, warned
in his speech against any
withdrawal from the Golan.
"There is no place for
retreat," Sharon stated.
'The Golan is the main
water source of Israel. In
case of a withdrawal from
the Golan, the security of
Israel would be severely
endangered."
Former cabinet member
Israeli Galili stressed the
importance of the settle-
ment of the Golan, which is
necessary to safeguard the
security of Israel.The Chief
of Staff of the Israeli Army,
General Mordehai Hod
stressed the strategical
importance of the Golan for
Israel.
One of the founders of
Meram Golan, Yehuda
Harel, declared that the 26
settlements on the Golan
will help serve to fortify
Israel's northeast, which is
only 11 kilometers from the
Jewish settlements in the
Hule and Jordan Valleys.
Five of the Golan settle-
ments were built by the
Hapoel Hamizrahi move-
ment, six by the Moshav
movement, two by the Oved
Hatzion, two by the Haho-
mer Hatzair, three by
Kibutz Hameuhad and three
by Thud Hakvutzot. The
area's center has given the

name "Bnei Yehuda" after
the settlement which was
destroyed in 1929.
In the center of the Golan
the new city of Kaserim is
being built. Here were
found the remains of a syna-
gogue dating back 1,500
years. The first 50 families
are already living in the
town. The Israeli govern-
ment, the Jewish Agency
and the Jewish National
Fund have already invested
two and a quarter billion
Israel pounds for rebuilding
the Golan Heights. More
than 100,000 dunams of fer-
tile soil for agricultural use
were prepared, and 110 new
roads were built. There are
water reservoirs for 8 mil-
lion cubic feet of water. An
additional 50,000 dunams of
soil are being prepared for
new settlements which will
be established during the
next few years.
In spite of progress, the
Golan inhabitants ate not
satisfied with the rate of
settlement. They are wor-
ried about declarations
from members of the gov-
ernment on eventual territo-
rial compromises on the
Golan. They demand an
increase in the building of
new settlements. Their aim
is 30,000 Jews living on the
Golan Heights within the
next five years.

Dropsie History Brochure
A Tribute to Cyrus Adler

The history of a university
is recorded with devotion by
a pioneering associate who
had an important role in its
functions.
Frank I. Rubinstein, who
was secretary to the first
president of Dropsie Univer-
sity, is the -author of a 20-
page brochure in which he
recapitulates the founding
years and the achievements
of the school which began as
a college and has grown into
its present status as a uni-
versity for post-graduate
students who train there for
higher degrees.
In "The Dropsie Univer-
sity—the Early Years 1906-
1919," Rubinstein tells the
story of Dropsie, the accom-
plishments which gave it its
status, enabling many of
America's leading scholars
to earn their doctorates
there.
The booklet is especially a
tribute to the memory of
Dr. Cyrus Adler, the first
president of the school.
Rubinstein is the biographer
of Adler, under whom he
served and who had his
deepest admiration.
While the years during the
presidency of Dr. Abraham
Neumann are only alluded
to, the brochure pays high
honor also to the third presi-
dent of Dropsie, Prof. Abra-
ham I. Katsh, who recently
returned to become presi-
dent emeritus, and under
whose leadership the
school's name was changed
from Dropsie College for
Hebrew and Cognate Learn-
ing, to Dropsie University.

NYTimes Editor Lester Markel,
Created Magazine, Book Section

NEW
YORK—Lester
Markel, the Sunday editor
of The New York Times for
more than 40 years and an
associate editor of the news-
paper from 1964 until his
retirement in 1968, died Oct.
23 at age 83.
Mr. Markel's career as a
writer and editor spanned
six decades. As Sunday edi-
tor of The New York Times
from 1923 until 1964, he cre-
ated the Sunday paper as it
exists today and set a pat-
tern that was followed by
newspapers all over the
country.
He was in close touch with
incumbent presidents and
regularly traveled abroad
and wrote magazine articles
based on his discussions
with world leaders. He
recruited people in high
places to write articles for
The Times, something he
clearly viewed as both a
privilege for the writers and
a benefit to the newspapers.
In 1963, while continuing
his duties as Sunday editor,
Mr. Markel became editor-
moderator of "News in Per-
spective," a monthly and
later twice-monthly tele-
vision program produced
jointly by The Times and
the National Educational
Television network.
His first job was as a
sportswriter and Linotype
operator for The Northside

-

LESTER MARKEL

News, a small neighborhood
paper in the Bronx, but he
moved quickly to The New
York Tribune, where he
progressed successively
from reporter to copy edi-
tor, telegraph editor, cable
editor, city editor and night
editor.
By 1919, he was assistant
managing editor of The
Tribune, and in 1923 Adolph
S. Ochs, publisher of The
Times, invited the young
man to talk with him for an
afternoon at Atlantic City.
During a three-hour conver-
sation in a Boardwalk roll-
ing chair, Mr. Ochs hired
the 29-year-old Mr. Markel
as editor of the fledging
Sunday department of the
newspaper.
Starting with a staff of
five, Mr. Markel soon cre-

900,000 U.S. Zionists Listed

Conservative Role Explained

DR. CYRUS ADLER

Rubinstein again became
active in Dropsie in recent
years. He was able to enroll
interested leadership in the
university and had been
honored by it.

Dialogues Issued
by AJ Congress

NEW YORK—Must theol-
ogy be the basis for Israel's
foreign policy? Or should
the belief that God gave the
land of Israel to the Jews be
only one factor in Israel's
political decision?
This is the issue debated
by Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg,
president of the American
Jewish Congress, and Dr.
Michael Wyschogrod, pro-
fessor of philosophy at
Baruch College, City Uni-
versity of New York, in
Viewpoints, the first in a
series of dialogue papers on
basic issues of contempo-
rary Jewish concern, just
published by the American
Jewish Congress.
For information, write the
American Jewish Congress,
15 E. 84th St. , New York,
N.Y. 10028.

NEW YORK (JTA) —
Nearly 900,000 Jews are
members of the Zionist
movement in the United
States.
The membership figure
was reported by the 15
national Zionist organiza-
tions comprising the Ameri-
can Zionist Federation at a
meeting of the AZF's area
elections committee at ale
conclusion of the campaign
last week to submit regis-
tered membership lists in
preparation for the election
of delegates to the World
Zionist Congress.
The 900,000 membership
figure reflects an increase
of more than 200,000 since
1971.
The election of delegates
to the World Zionist Con-
gress will take place next
month. All registered Zion-
ists are eligible to vote.
According to a preliminary
count of the membership
lists submitted, the 15 con-
stituent organizations of the
AZF which are organized
into seven slates of dele-
gates to the Congress have
the following memberships:
Hadassah (376,830), Bnai
Zion (31,180), American
Jewish League for Israel
(11,910), Labor Zionist
Movement (100,000), Zionist
Organization of America
(129,000), Progressive Zion-
ist List (12,500), Religious
Zionist Movement (124,300),
United Zionist Revisionists

ated separate magazine and
book review sections as well
as other sections covering
drama, travel and—the
innovation Mr. Markel
always considered his most
important—the News of the
Week in Review, later
'ailed The Week in Review
which he saw as a vehicle
for putting the week's devel-
opments in perspective..
After 41 years as Sunday
editor, Mr. Markel bee
associate editor of
e
Times in 1964. He retired in
1968 and became a consult:
ant. He was appointed dis-
tinguished visiting professor
at Fairleigh Dickinson
University.,
In tribute to Mr. Markel,
the New York Times stated
in its editorial columns
Monday:
-
"He was among the first
to comprehend that the
complexity of events and
democracy of the nation
required more of a news-
paper than the reporting of
news. News without expla-
nation was mere entertain-
ment, an empty or even
misleading fact. Why, he
kept asking, in an age when
ordinary journalists were
taught to settle for who,
what, where, when and how.
"Lester Markel wanted
always to see the roots of
the news and to anticipate
the fruit of the event. It was
to gain such perspective
that he built the olympian
Sunday Times—notably his
beloved News of the Week
in Review, The Times
Magazine and Book Review
and Drama (now Art's and
Leisure) section. They are
his monuments, but they
owe their existence and
prosperity not only to his
labor but to his life-giving
idea: There is more to the
news than yesterday. Which
is why Lester Markel did
not die yesterday."

(92,400), and ARZA, the
Reform Movement's Zionist
Organization (10,000).

* * *

Chief Explains
Conservative Role

NEW YORK (JTA) —
David Zucker, president of
the World Council of Syna-
gogues (WCS), said that
Mercaz, the new Conserva-
tive Zionist party of which
he is a co-chairman, does
not preclude or eliminate
the WCS as the official
organizational representa-
tive of the World Conserva-
tive Movement in the World
Zionist Organization.
Zucker said that while
Mercaz, which announced
that it was affiliating with
the WZO, is an American
organization affiliated with
the American Zionist Feder-
ation, the WCS is the official
organizational representa-
tive of the World Conserva-
tive Movement on the WZO
where it is already seated
on the Executive in New
York and will have 15 dele-
gates at the WZCongress.
The old prayers, which go
back to the earliest days of
our history and in which
our ancestors poured out
their hearts to God, awaken
our personal religious senti-
ments and blend them with
the religious sentiments
that have come down to us
from the ages.
—Heymann Steinthal

Dr. I. H. Friedman

Dr. Isidore Harold Fried-
man, a physician for more
than 55 years, died Oct. 26
at age 80.
A graduate of the Univer-
sity of Michigan Medical
School in 1922, Dr. Fried-
man was the first physician
in Michigan to administer
insulin (1923).
He was , a founder of
Southwest Detroit Hospital
and former owner of 'F„
bull General Hospital:
was a member of the Amer-
ican Medical Association,
Wayne County and Mich-
igan State medical
societies. He resided at
16500 North Park Dr.,
Southfield.

He leaves his wife, Ger-
trude; a son, Eugene; two
daughters, Mrs. Barbara
Klerman and Mrs. Elaine
Lebenbom; a sister, Mrs.
Clara Hurshonsky of Cleve-
land; and 10 grandchildren.
Services 2:30,p.m. today at
Ira Kaufman Chapel.

R: ?

it

1. 4 . VA . *.

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