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October 21, 1977 - Image 16

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-10-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



16 Friday, October 21, 1977


Factual Analysis Prepared by Americans for a Safe Israel

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Fictional Recognition: PLO - Acceptance of 242

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NEW YORK The dan-
gerous fiction is being dis-
seminated that PLO accept-
ance of Security Council
Resolution 242 is equivalent
to PLO acceptance of
Israel's right to exist.
Resolution 242 recognizes
tha rights of the states in

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the Middle East. Thus it
seeks ". . .respect for and
acknowledgement of the
sovereignty, territorial
integrity and political inde-
pendence of every state in
the area."
The PLO's National Cov-
enant—which calls for
Israel's destruction in no
less than 28 of its 33 arti-
cles—and which the organi-
zation has steadfastly
refused to disavow, denies
that Israel is a state:
Article 20: The claim of a
historical or spiritural tie
between Jews and Palestine
does not tally with. . .the
constituents of statehood in
their true sense.
Article 19: The partition-
ing of Palestine in 1947 and
the establishment of Israel
is fundamentally null and
Thus the PLO takes the
position that Israel's state-
hood is a legal nullity.
There is not and never was
a state of Israel since the
steps leading to Israel's
establishment had no legal
force. Israel is often
described in Arabic as an
"artificial entity" in order
specifically to deny its
Plainly, for the PLO,' the
"states" mentioned in Reso-
lution 242 are the Arab
states, not Israel.
On Sept. 25, on ABC's
Issues and Answers, Bar-
bara Walters interviewed
Yasir Arafat and Zehdi
Terzi, the PLO's permanent
observer to the UN. Arafat
indicated he would accept
242 if he could get a supple-
mental resolution support-
ing, as he put it "our rights
to gain back our
Bearing this statement in
mind, we note that accord-
ing to Article 1 of the PLO
Covenant "Palestine is the
homeland of the Palestinian
Arab people" and according
to Article 2 "Palestine with
its boundaries that existed
at the time of the British
Mandate is an integral
regional unit."
In seeking a supplemen-
tary resolution supporting
such "rights," Arafat is
actually seeking official UN
sanction for an inter-
pretation of 242 which pre-
cisely accords with Article
19 of the Covenant.
Later in the program
Zehdi Terzi reemphasized
the point, declaring "all
Palestine is our homeland."
Indeed the only way that
adherence to the Palestine
National Covenant can be
reconciled with acceptance

of Resolution 242 is by inter-
preting that Resolution's
reference to "states" to
exclude Israel.
The Carter Adminis-
tration has indicated that it
recognizes that acceptance
of 242 by the PLO without
change of the National Cov-
enant is meaningless. On
Feb. 16, Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance declared: "I
have stated on several occa-
sions that as long as they
stand by the Covenant and
refuse to accept (242 and
338) it seems to me that it
provides no basis for their
participation in a Geneva
At that time it was
believed that the Palestine
National Council would
revise the Covenant at its
March meeting in Cairo. On
March 21 the PNC issued a
statement revealing that no
revision of the charter was
The Administration was
determined to include the
PLO at Geneva. On March
23, only two days later,
National Security Adviser
Zbigniew Brzezinski
indicated privately to a
group of Jewish leaders that
the Administration was pre-
pared to recognize the PLO
in return for acceptance of
242 alone, without revision
of the Covenant.
On Aug. 9, Secretary
Vance announced publicly
that revocation of the Cov-
enant was no longer
Replying to a reporter's
question, he declared: "If
the PLO were to accept 242
they would be accepting in
principle that they recog-
nize the right of Israel to

exist. . .which, in my judg-
ement, would revoke the
Covenant." The reporter
then asked Vance if the
PLO had sent him such an
assurance or if that was his
own interpretation of such
an action. Vance replied: "I
have not received any such
By asking only that the
PLO accept Resolution 242,
the Carter Administration is
saying that in its view the
PLO need not accep'
Israel's right to exist to
become statisfactory par-
ties to the negotiation. At
the same time the Ameri-
can public is being falsely
assured that acceptance of
242 by the PLO means
acceptance of Israel.


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