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October 07, 1977 - Image 16

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-10-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

16 Friday, October 7, 1977
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Carter Tells the UN: No Imposed Settlement,
But Recognizes. Palestinians"Rights' Again

(JTA) — President Carter
declared before the UN
General Assembly Tuesday
morning that the United
States does "not intend to
impose from the outside a
settlement on the nations of
the Middle East." He
asserted, that "the com-
mitment of the U.S. to
Israel's security is unques-
tionable" but he also reite-
rated that "the legitimate
rights of the Palestinians
must be recongized."
The President, empha-
sizing the "menace" of the
Middle East conflict,
declared that "peace embo-
died in binding treaties is
essential." He said that
"Israel and the Arab coun-
tries have a right to exist in
peace, with early estab-
lishment of normal diplo-
matic relations, economic
and cultural exchanges."
He spoke of Israel's right to
borders that were recog-
nized and secure.
Carter's remarks were
viewed as an effort to allay
fears in Israel, provoked by
the U.S.-Soviet joint decla-
ration of last Saturday, that
the U.S. was moving toward
an imposed settlement of
the Middle East conflict
along lines- favorable to the
Arabs. In his speech, the
President noted that "the
United Nations Security
Council has provided the
basis for peace in Resolu-
tions 242 and 338," adding
that "negotiations in good
faith by all parties is needed
to give substance to peace."
One of Israel's criticisms
of the U.S.-Soviet statement
was its failure to mention
the two basic UN resolu-
tions on the Mideast. The
President also reiterated, as
the joint statement
indicated, that "the Soviet
Union and the United States
have agreed to call for the
resumption of the Geneva
Conference before the end
of this year."
The text of the President's
speech covered only six
pages, of which barely one
was devoted to the Middle
East. However, the Presi-

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dent stressed the gravity of
the conflict there.
"Of all the regional con-
flicts in the world, none
holds more menace than the
Middle East," he said, not-
ing that "War there has car-
ried the world to the edge of
nuclear confrontation...has
disrupted the world econ-
omy and imposed severe
hardships on the people in
the developed and devel-
oping nations alike."
At a briefing with report-
ers, Zbigniew Brzezinski,
Carter's national security
advisor, was asked what are
the legitimate rights of the
Palestinians to which Car-
ter referred. Brzezinski
answered that the "legiti-
mate rights" of the Palesti-
nians will be defined at the
Geneva Peace Conference.
Following Saturday's joint
statement, Brzezinski said

that . if Israel were "mor- the General Assembly.
He said that expression is
tally threatened" the U.S.
would go to her aid, even interpreted by many dele-
without a security treaty in gates as a PLO state and
Israel is going to reject it
That statement prodded
He said he was surprised
Israel Prime Minister Men-
the role the President
ahem Begin_to respond from
gave the Soviet Union in the
his hospital bed, "The ques-
negotiating process and
tion is who will decide when
Israel faces a deadly peril? warned of the danger of
increased influence and
We are charged with that
Soviet penetration in the
duty — and we are going to
Middle East. Herzog said he
carry it out — to ensure that
was pleased that Carter
never again will anybody
clarified the need to imple-
speak with pity about per-
ment Security Council Reso-.
secuted Jews, who are no
more, but that everybody lutions 242 and 338 and his
will respect a living Jewish expressed desire that the
people, free and parties to the conflict reach
peace treaties.
The Israeli envoy noted,
Chaim Herzog, Israel's however, that Carter's
ambassador to the UN, speech did not contain refer-
expressed regret that Presi- ences to human rights. "Is
dent Carter spoke about the this a sign of further under-
legitimate rights of the standing of the Soviets?" he
Palestinians in his speech to asked.

U.S.-Soviet Statement on Mideast
Draws Labor's Wrath for Likud

Former Premier Yitzhak
Rabin denounced the U.S.-
Soviet statement on the
Middle East and urged
Israel to declare that on its
basis there is no point to
Israel participating in the
Geneva conference.
Rabin agreed that the
statement "reflects for the
first time the trend to
impose a settlenient." He
said the purpose set forth by
the two superpowers "is no
longer a just and durable
peace as it was defined in
Security Council Resolution
242 but a settlement of- the
Arab-Israeli conflict."
Rabin blamed the Likud
government for ruining in
three months a system of
political understanding that
was built over 10 years with
great effort by the previous
Labor governments. He said
he would have used much
harsher language toward
the present regime if Begin
had not been confined to the
hospital. He said the U.S.-
Soviet statement was "an
unprecedented turning point
in the relations between
Israel and the U.S."
Former Foreign Minister
Yigal Allon shared Rabin's
view. Allon said the govern-
ment's foreign policy put
Israel in the position of a
stubborn nation that had to
be softened. The American-
Soviet statement "elimi-
nated prospects for the Gen-
eva conference and negotia-
tions for peace."
However, he said, the
mistake was made by Begin
when he first met President
Carter last July and deliber-
ately did not try to reach an
understanding with him on
substantive matters.
Former Defense Minister
Shimon Peres, leader of the
Labor Alignment, said that
the joint communique has

completely isolated Israel in
the international political
. Hints that Likud may seek
a national unity coalition
government in light of the
U.S.-Soviet joint declaration
on the Middle East have
drawn a sharp negative
response from the Labor
Alignment. The Democratic
Movement for Change
(DMC), the second largest
opposition party, appeared
to be divided on the matter.

Peres said that "such a

government demands a
common platform and con-
ditions such as a state of
war or a state of siege. Nei-
ther of these conditions
exist at the moment."
Although there is a nearly
unanimous consensus in the
Knesset against any deal-
ings with the PLO and the
establishment of a Palesti-
nian state, the government
was expected to come under
heavy attack for its foreign
policies when the Knesset
convened in special session

Tamar Eshel to Speak Here

A luncheon will be held at
the Sheraton-Southfield
Hotel 1 p.m. Oct. 25 at
which Tamar Eshel, mem-
ber of the Knesset, will
speak on behalf of Pioneer
Women to an invited group
of Detroit Jewish commu-
nity leaders. She will dis-
cuss the efforts being made
in Israel to aid the
Mrs. Eshel is a third gen-
eration sabra. She studied
agricultural research in
London, became involved
with the Hagana, worked in
illegal immigration and held
a number of diplomatic
posts (including three years
at the United Nations), as
well as a senior position in
the Prime Minister's office.
She recently relinquished
her role as secretary-gen-
eral of Pioneer Women-
Na'Amat to assume her


position Is a member of the
Mrs. Eshel is also an
executive of the National
Council of Women, the
International Council of
Women and the Inter-
national Council of Jewish

Yeshiva Parents, Teachers to Meet

Yeshivath Beth Yehudah Estelle Gelberman, vice
-Parent-Teacher Association presidents; Judy Butrimov-
will- introduce its newly itz, Shulamith Leichtman
elected officers and teach- and Sheila Tekatch, secre-
ing staff 9 p.m. Oct. 15 at taries; and Erica Gross-
the yeshiva. bard, treasurer.
PTA officers are Hannah
Greenbaum, president; Sha-
For reservations, call
ron Cohen, chairman of the Naomi Eisenstein, 968-2792,
board; Susan Kraus and or Sunny Segal, 967-3129.

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