THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue (kt .
Member American, Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association. National Editorial Association.
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
ALAN H1TSKY. News Editor...HEIDI PRESS Assistant News Editor
A FUNNY THINE
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
oN 114e WAY
10 THE MIN M
This Sabbath, the 19th day of Tishri, 5738, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Exodus 33:12-34:26, Numbers 29:23-28. Prophetical portion, Ezekiel 38:18-39:16.
Sunday, Hol Hamoed Sukkot, Numbers 29:26-34 . Monday, Hoshana Rabba, Numbers 29:26-34
Tuesday, Shemini Azeret
Pentateuchal portion, Deuteronomy 14:22-16:17, Numbers 29:35-30:1. Prophetical portion, 1 Kings 8:54-66.
Wednesday, Simhat Torah
Pentateuchal portion, Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12, Genesis 1:1-2:3, Mumbers 29:35-30:1. Prophetical portion, Joshua 1:1-18
Candle lighting, Friday, Sept. 30, 6:58 p.m.
VOL. LXXII, No. 4
Friday, September 30,1977
Affirmative Action : Merit or Bias?
- A battle that lasted decades in the struggle
against the numerous clausus, which soiled the
records of universities in many lands with an
anti-Semitic tinge, is brought into play again in
relation to a vital decision to be made soon b _ y
the U.S. Supreme Court.
Affirmative action cannot be related to anti-
Semitism, but the chief objective is attacked as
prejudicial to a majority of the population that
has depended on merit in the selection of
employees or in university admissions.
The Jewish argument against numerus
clausus restrictions has always been that the
meritorious should not be penalized for their
religion or national background. In the present
instance of a vital case affecting the affirmative
action principles the question of merit pre-
dominates and in contrast there is the charge of
discrimination in reverse.
Factually, there is an obligation to give every
consideration to blacks applying for admission
to universities. The less privileged must be pro-
vided with every means at the nation's disposal
to gain opportunities that have been denied to
them for more than a century. But the under-
privileged must also strive in their quest for
professional status to gain credibility in the pro-
fessions they aspire to with ability as well as
Whatever the Supreme Court decision, it is
not expected to resolve the issue. There is . a bit-
terness over the charge of official and judicial
prejudices that is divisive in a democratic com-
munity like ours. Is there a way of assuring rec-
ognition of merit while correcting injustices for
the previously oppressed? It may take a society
of Solomons to assure this desired attainment of
fairness for all.
Israel's Collision With the U.S.
State Department demands made upon Israel
and endorsed by the White House must be rec-
ognized as evidences of a collision with Israel
that may seriously affect the traditional friend-
ship between the two nations.
Previous U.S. administrations have had their
conflicts with Israel. They were never as
serious. It may be argued that the directness of
approach to the issue may not have been as
vital in the past as it is now; and there are those
who wish to believe that the hope for peace is
greater now than in the past and therefore the
obstacles on the road to amity are more evi-
dent. Are these contentions mere illusions?
Perhaps the adamantine attitude of the State
Department should be welcomed as a hard line
certain to lead to an understanding of the issues
and the conflicts without veiling them with
secrecy. This is a viewpoint ascribable to the
administrative role of Prime Minister Menahem
Begin. The latter has been unjustly labeled as
an intransigent who is unbending in territorial
demands. The fact is that the Begin position
hardly differs from that of his predecessors of
the Labor Alignment. The one difference is the
outspoken and firm position of the present gov-
ernment as differentiated from the vacillations
of the past. It is best that the realities should
not be shrouded in mysteries. and if this is
applicable to State Department as well as to
Likud then the emerging situation should be
welcomed as more pragmatic and a better way
of dealing with the tragic obstructions that mar
the road to good neighborliness.
Yet, the concession of realism to the State
Department is being entirely too charitable.
From this department now comes a movement
towards recognition and glorifying the PLO, in
spite of the murderous intents of the terrorist
group. The endorsement of a 23rd Arab state, at
a time when so few in their ranks are ready to
integrate Arab refugees in their economy, is
There must have been many protests against
the glorification of a Palestinianism by the
President and the State Department, and a
reply has been circulated over the signature of
State Department spokesman Hodding Carter
III. Regrettably, his statement sounds more like
sanctimony than the urgently desired definition
of approach to cooperative tasks to resolve the
issues. There is too much condoning of PLO=
participation in the projected Geneva Confer-
ence. There is little attention given to Arab
threats to destroy Israel and to the repetitive
declarations that after attaining the goal of get-
ting Israel out of the territory acquired in 1967
there will be the movement to drive Israel back
to the 1947. And then? the old threat of "into the
The anti-Semitic venom that has been injected
into the United Nations also spells a repetition
of agonized experiences with the com-
mencement of a new General Assembly.
It is clear that the need for protests against
injustices promulgated for Israel has not ended.
Therefore, Israel's friends must remain on
guard more zealously than ever.
Challenge to Terrorists
Kiryat Shmona was the scene of a massacre
of children four years ago. It became the target
of PLO terrorists again on Yom Kippur night
this year. This can not and will not be tolerated
Israel knows how to judge beasts who have no
respect for human values. Will the world
powers understand it? Will the United Nations
judge it Fairly and rationally? Until now all but
few stood condemned of encouraging the mur-
der of children and their innocent elders by
their silence. But Israelis and Jews will reaff-
irm when seeing another threatening Holocaust
and Genocide: Never. Again!
New Collection Published
Yehuda Amichai, Acclaimed
as. Leading Poet of Israel
Yehuda Amichai is the acclaimed leading poet of Israel. His
many works, having appeared in numerous translations. volumes of
note having appeared in English translations. have added to the rec-
ognition given him on a global basis.
His latest work is a collection appearing under the title "Amen"
(Harper & Row). The poems were translated from the Hebrew by
the author and by Ted Hughes.
Here, again, the poetic urge is expressed in a spirit of univer-
sality. Amichai sings the songs of his nation. and he evidences the
trials and tribulations, the joys of a people under stress yet pursuing
the urge for life.
In "Amen - the reader will find echoes of an experience rooted in
creativity and also seriously affected by the wars fought for an assur-
ance of continuity.
There is, to choose an example, his "October - :
October sun, warms our faces.
A soldier is filling bags with soft sand
in which once he played.
October sun warms our dead.
Sorrow is a heavy wooden board.
Tears - are nails.
Ted Hughes wrote an appreciative introduction to - Amen."
There is this excerpt from it that deserves emphasis in viewing
"This presence, within the actual
texture of the writing, of the lived and
deeply shared actuality of modem Is-
rael, and of the human relationships
determined by it, has steadily in-
creased over the years in Amichai's
poems. As they grow more open, sim-
pler. and apparently more artless,
they also grow more nakedly present,
more close-up alive. They begin to im
part the shock of actual events. "
"No matter how mysterious or th
zarre the mental leaps, the final ef-
fect is always one of a superior sim-
plicity and directness.
"One is no longer so aware of the
virtuousity of a dazzlingly gifted poet.
but of a telling of real things he has
lived and felt. without any literary
self-consciousness. and in a poetry
that seems once more the natural speech of people who speak about
the psychological depth and density of such things candidly, humo-
"This is something so rare that I. for one. return to the poems
again and again, and always find myself shaken. as by something
truly genuine and alive."
There is universality in Yehuda Amichai's poetry.
The poets of Israel have emergeda mong the leaders in world liter-
ature. They keep enhancing the cultural aspects of redeemed Israel and
Yeshuda Amichai retains ton leadership in these ranks.